Bilateral relations Switzerland–Venezuela

Current relations between Switzerland and Venezuela are not very extensive. In March 2018, Switzerland imposed the same sanctions as the EU on Venezuela in view of human rights violations and the undermining of the rule of law and democratic institutions. Switzerland does however continue to provide humanitarian aid in Venezuela and in the sub region.

Key aspects of diplomatic relations

The two countries have agreements in investment protection, double taxation and air transport, but bilateral trade has declined because of the crisis in Venezuela.

On 5 April 2019, Switzerland was officially mandated by the United States to represent US interests in Venezuela. However, the protecting power mandate must also be approved by Venezuela before it can come into effect.

Treaty database

FDFA press release on the protecting power mandate

Government of Venezuela (es) 

Economic cooperation

In 2019, Switzerland imported mainly agricultural products worth CHF 2.6 million from Venezuela. Exports in the same period amounted to just under CHF 30 million, consisting mainly of pharmaceutical products, machinery and precision instruments.

In 2018, Swiss direct investment in Venezuela stood at CHF 2 billion, and Swiss firms employed 3,150 people in Venezuela.

North and Latin America, SECO

Trade promotion, Switzerland Global Enterprise, SGE

OPEC – Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries

Swiss-Venezuelan Chamber of Commerce (es)


On 28 March 2018, the Federal Council decided to adopt all EU sanctions imposed on Venezuela. These measures include an arms embargo, a ban on the export of goods used for the purposes of surveillance and internal repression as well as a freeze on assets and travel bans currently imposed against 36 individuals. These targeted sanctions have no impact on Venezuelan civilians.

Measures against Venezuela (de, fr, it)

Humanitarian aid

In view of the crisis in Venezuela, the SDC has been steadily expanding its humanitarian aid operations in the country since 2017.

Switzerland provides funding to both multilateral and bilateral partner organisations working to meet the most urgent needs of the Venezuelan population and migrants in the sub region. It also seconds experts from the Swiss Humanitarian Aid Unit (SHA) to selected multilateral partners.

Switzerland's engagement is consistent with the four humanitarian principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence, and it takes a strictly needs-oriented approach in the provision of humanitarian assistance. 

Swiss nationals in Venezuela

At the end of 2019, there were 1,022 Swiss nationals living in Venezuela.