The provision of medical care to the wounded and sick in conflicts, including to the enemy, is one of the key principles of international humanitarian law. Some counterterrorism measures and sanctions, although necessary, criminalise the provision of medical aid. For example, nurses may face judicial proceedings if they care for wounded combatants designated as terrorists.
Switzerland therefore advocates discussions between states, and also humanitarian organisations and counterterrorism actors, about the primacy of international humanitarian law and possible solutions to such problems. In international forums, it contributes to debate and promotes independent research and concrete measures, such as provisions exempting non-partisan humanitarian action.