As a rule, Swiss nationals who have been living in an EU/EFTA state must claim their benefits in the country where they last worked. If you return to Switzerland from outside the EU/EFTA, you will normally be entitled to claim unemployment benefits if during the 24 months prior to registering with an unemployment insurance provider, you were either:
- paid as an employee in Switzerland for at least 12 months, or
- paid as an employee abroad for at least 12 months and paid as an employee in Switzerland for at least six months.
It does not matter whether the required periods of paid employment in Switzerland were completed before you left or after you returned. What is important is that the periods of employment in Switzerland and abroad were completed during the 24 months prior to your registration with an unemployment insurance provider. You must also:
- provide confirmation from your employer of the duration of your employment abroad
- claim any benefits within one year after your return/entry into Switzerland.
Contact your unemployment insurance fund beforehand to clarify any questions about your benefits. The regulations on periods of employment in Switzerland for Swiss nationals returning from non-EU/EFTA states have been in force since 1 July 2018.
Unemployment Insurance Act, Art. 23 and Art. 14, para. 3 (de, fr, it)
Unemployment Insurance Ordinance, Arts. 11-13 paras. 2 and 3 (de, fr, it)
AVIG-Praxis ALE B199 ff. (de, fr, it)