Switzerland and Lithuania have a long history of academic relations. In the 19th and early 20th centuries many Lithuanians studied at universities in Switzerland, among them the philosopher and future rector of the University of Kaunas, Stays Salkauskis. The first Republic of Lithuania was recognised by the Federal Council in August 1921. A consulate was opened in Kaunas, the country’s capital at the time. The Lithuanian diplomatic mission which had been set up in Bern in 1918 was attached to the embassy in Berlin. Relations between the two countries, which were interrupted in 1940 on account of Soviet annexation, were immediately re-established after the failed Moscow putsch of August 1991. Switzerland never recognised the annexation of Lithuania by the USSR.
In the 1990s, it provided assistance worth some CHF 26 million to Lithuania through its programme of cooperation with the countries of Eastern Europe in the areas of healthcare, surveying and mapping, environmental protection and banking.
The Swiss embassy in Riga (Latvia) represents Switzerland's interests in Lithuania.
Lithuania, Historical Dictionary of Switzerland (de, fr, it)