Nepal Vocational Qualifications System (NVQS)

Progetto concluso

In Nepal, 500’000 youths enter the labour market yearly but remain un- or underemployed. The project will support the Ministry of Education to establish a National Vocational Qualifications Framework and a corresponding NVQ Authority to manage it. Learners and workers, especially from disadvantaged groups, will benefit from an improved vocational training qualification and skills certification system, thus increasing their chances for sustainable and decent employment.

Paese/Regione Tema Periodo Budget
Impiego & sviluppo economico
Formazione professionale
Creazione di occupazione
Formazione professionale
Politica commerciale & sistema de mercato
Migrazione della manodopera
01.02.2014 - 31.12.2020
CHF  5’221’000

Every year 500’000 youths enter the labour market, 80% of whom are unskilled, have not finished high school and are thus denied equal opportunities in the employment system. In the absence of available formal vocational training, many youths work as unskilled labourers, remain un- or underemployed or choose to migrate for better employment. Those who are employed acquire skills through informal training beforehand or on the job. Against this background, skills testing offers candidates an assessment and official certification of competencies, irrespective of where and how these competencies were gained.

Through the National Skill Testing Board (NSTB), a system of vocational qualifications is emerging. The Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Policy approved in 2012 now stipulates the establishment of a National Vocational Qualifications Framework and the transformation of the NSTB into a National Vocational Qualifications Authority (NVQA) to manage it.



The overall goal of the project is to achieve systemic changes in the TVET system that will enable women and men including disadvantaged groups to get access to increased employment and self-employment and to perform at higher productivity levels.

This, in turn, shall lead to higher income, enhanced livelihood and resilience, and thus combat poverty and promote inclusive growth


Gruppi target

The primary target group includes the learners, job seekers and workers. Besides them, employers and small businesses, training providers (non-formal TVET sector), training companies (on-the-job training, apprenticeship), and the staff of the emerging NVQA themselves are the secondary beneficiaries

Effetti a medio termine
  1. NSTB successfully manages the emerging Vocational Qualifi­cations Frameworks (VQF) and is prepared for its transformation into a NVQA
  2. Nepalese youths, especially from the disadvantaged groups, are better employable in the labour market or in self-employment



Risultati principali attesi:  

  • NSTB’s services and outreach are improved
  • A comprehensive NVQF  with the TVET pathways in two sectors is put into practice
  • Transformation of NSTB into NVQA designed and initiated
  • Youths benefit from the newly established and nationally recognized Vocational Qualifications Framework.
  • Youths working in the informal sector benefit from the system of Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)
  • Migrant returnees  benefit from the system of Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)


Risultati fasi precedenti:  

The Baseline study on the capacity, the financial management, the quality of the delivered services, and the perception of the NSTB employees was conducted. Its findings directly informed the planning and implementation strategy at macro, meso and micro level which is outlined in the Project Document. The Project Document was shared with the stakeholders from the TVET and private sector; the main stakeholders confirmed their support to the project and the Ministry of Finance (MoF) communicated its willingness to finance the planned building for the NSTB/NVQA.

Direzione/Ufficio responsabile DSC
Credito Cooperazione allo sviluppo
Partner del progetto Partner contrattuale
Economia privata
Instituzione statale straniera
Organizzazione svizzera senza scopo di lucro
  • Central State of South East
  • Altra organizzazione svizzera non profit
  • Settore privato svizzero
  • Swisscontact

Altri partner

Private sector service providers

Coordinamento con altri progetti e attori

Other donor funded TVET projects. Synergies with other Swiss projects/programs  such as  SaMi, ENSSURE, NASDP, NAMDP, MSFP

Budget Fase in corso Budget Svizzera CHF    5’221’000 Budget svizzero attualmente già speso CHF    4’555’789
Fasi del progetto Fase 2 16.07.2020 - 15.07.2026   (Fase in corso)

Fase 1 01.02.2014 - 31.12.2020   (Completed)