Swiss experts to UN agencies in the frame of the regional crises in the Middle East

Progetto concluso

The Middle East is currently contending with two L3 crises:  Iraq and Syria. Over 20 million people need humanitarian assistance: refugees, lDPs, host communities. In line with the Swiss Cooperation Strategy 2015-

2018, SHA experts provide technical support & strategic advice to UN agencies, contributing to a strengthened, coordinated response. The deployed experts allow Switzerland to expand its operational engagement and humanitarian presence in the region, including in contexts where SDC has no office (Iraq and Syria).

Paese/Regione Tema Periodo Budget
Iraq
Giordania
Libano
Vicino Oriente
Siria
Assistenza umanitaria & RRC
Acqua
Canbiamento climatico ed ambiente
Assistenza materiale
Acqua potabile e strutture igieniche elementari (WASH) (til 2016)
Environmental policy
24.02.2016 - 31.12.2017
CHF 2'000'000
Contesto

Since 2011, the Middle East has been facing violent crises in Syria and Iraq, which has had serious repercussions on their neighbouring countries. The humanitarian situation has continuously deterio­ rated. In Syria and Iraq, the civilian population has been suffering from armed violence and human rights violations at large scale as well as from a lack of access to food, water, shelter and direly needed medical assistance. In Syria over 7.6 million people are internally displaced, while 4.3 million Syrian refugees (January 2016 figures) are registered and/or assisted by host governments and humanitarian agencies. In Iraq, in addition to the 3.2 million internally displaced persons (lOPs), 250'000 Syrian refugees, mostly with Kurdish origins, have sought refuge in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KR- 1). The neighbouring countries Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey have largely continued to provide the Syrian refugees with access to their territory and safety, but the heavy burden on resources and basic services continues to grow and has led to increasing tensions with the host communities

Obiettivi

The response capacity of UN agencies and their implementing partners is strenghtened to meet emergency and prolonged displacement needs of forcibly displaced Syrians and Iraqis (refugees and lOPs) as well as vulnerable host communities.

Moreover, the Swiss presence and visibility in the region is enhanced, including in contexts like Iraq and Syria where SOC has no representation.

Gruppi target

Direct:

  • UN agencies benefiting from knowledge, expertise and networking.

Indirect:

  • The civilian population affected by the armed conflict inside Syria (13.5 million in need in Syria out of which 7.6 million IDPs) and inside Iraq (10 million in need in Iraq out of which 3.2 million IDPs and 250'000 Syrian refugees).
  • Palestine Refugees
  • Syrians fleeing into neighbouring countries (4.5 million people registered by UNHCR in Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq and Egypt by beginning of 2016).
  • Host communities in Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey and their national authorities.
Effetti a medio termine
  • Response to emergency and longer-term basic services and emergency relief (shelter, education, cash and humanitarian coordination) is strengthened.
  • Response to meet protection needs is strengthened.
  • Response to emergency and longer-term water needs is strengthened.
Risultati

Risultati principali attesi:  

With the secondment of Swiss experts to UN agencies, the following outputs will be achieved:

  • Technical support and advice for the provision of shelter in camps and non-camp settings for vulnerable displaced persons.
  • Technical support, advice and strategic planning on activities in the domain of water (camp and non-camp settings).
  • Technical support for a multi-sector and multi- stakeholder strategy for cash-based response for IDPs, refugees and host communities.
  • Technical support and advice for the protection of the most vulnerable population, including children and youth.
  • Support to the coordination of humanitarian interventions within the UN agencies and national/international actors.


Risultati fasi precedenti:  

  • Efficiency of the UN agencies supported by SOC enhanced.
  • Continuous and close follow-up of the activities ensured.
  • Project management insured.
  • Institutional memory documented and knowledge transferred.
  • Better informed context analysis of SOC.
  • Enhanced presence of SOC in the region.

Since March 2011, Swiss experts were on 49 missions (in shelter, cash, WASH and coordination) and have been deployed to UNHCR, UNICEF, UNRWA, WFP, ILO, OCHA and UNDP in Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, Iraq and Syria.


Direzione/Ufficio responsabile DSC
Credito Aiuto umanitario
Partner del progetto Partner contrattuale
  • Soccorso operaio svizzero


Coordinamento con altri progetti e attori

SDC supports the Syria Strategic Response Plan (SRP), the Regional Refugee & Resilience Plan (3RP), as well as the respective national plans through multilateral support (financial contribution and secondments of experts), bilateral and direct actions, and humanitarian dialogue. In Iraq, SDC supports different NGOs, ICRC, as well as UN agencies.

Budget Fase in corso Budget Svizzera CHF   2'000'000 Budget svizzero attualmente già speso CHF   802'921 Progetto totale dalla prima fase Budget Svizzera CHF  2'900'000 Budget inclusi partner del progetto CHF  4'900'000
Fasi del progetto

Fase 3 24.02.2016 - 31.12.2017   (Completed)

Fase 2 01.01.2015 - 31.12.2016   (Completed) Fase 1 01.10.2013 - 31.12.2014   (Completed)