NRC: Protection, humanitarian assistance and durable solutions for people affected by the armed conflict in Chocó and by the humanitarian crisis on the border Colombia-Venezuela
SDC will support NRC in reducing the vulnerability of the population affected by the ongoing armed conflict in Chocó and by the humanitarian crisis on the border Colombia-Venezuela. On one hand, responding to the impacts as a result of the prolonged crisis within Venezuela, the population is expected to develop the capacity to identify protection risks and strategies to mitigate them. On the other hand, as for the internal situation in Chocó in the frame of the victims’ reparation, the project seeks to promote their active participation in processes addressed to implement durable solutions.
- Norwegian Refugee Council
Despite the negotiations and the signed peace agreement, the armed conflict continues to affect communities in different departments of Colombia. In the case of Chocó, between January and September 2016, 110 events related to armed actions were registered between the ELN and the Gaitanistas Group (AGC), and violent actions from the public forces against these actors, particularly towards the ELN. In addition, in some of the areas that have historically been controlled by the FARC, there are communities victims who, within the framework of law 1448, have already initiated their collective reparation processes.
In Norte de Santander, Arauca and La Guajira, in addition to disputes over the control of illegal economy routes and illegal businesses related to illicit crops and drug trafficking, five Transitional Assembling Zones have been formed within the framework of the government-FARC peace process in Guajira (Fonseca), NdS (Tibú), Cesar (La Paz) and Arauca (Arauquita / Tame).
Finally, the effects of the humanitarian crisis in Venezuela exacerbate this situation. The lack of food and to the access to medical assistance, procedures and medicines, and the complex political reality, causes that a significant number of Venezuelans and Colombians to continue crossing the border daily. According to Migration Colombia, in November 2016, 5,680,000 Venezuelan citizens entered to Colombian territory and 5,615,000 returned, of which at least 65,000 Venezuelans remain in Colombian territory (95% entered through Norte de Santander).
|Objectifs||Reduce the vulnerability of the population affected by the armed conflict in Chocó and the humanitarian crisis on the border Colombia-Venezuela.|
Directly 11.650 conflict-affected persons of 24 municipalities (11 in Norte de Santander, 5 in Guajira, 3 in Arauca, and 5 in Chocó) belonging to 4 departments, whereas 53% are female and 47% male affected particularly by displacement and extreme poverty.
Additionally, the project will benefit indirectly to 6.000 people that represent the entire family nucleus of persons receiving legal assistance that benefit from emergency or transition humanitarian assistance.
The municipalities are the following:
|Effets à moyen terme||
1. Children, Adolescents and Youth (CAY) and conflict/crisis-affected communities supported by the project increase their ability to stay safe and to identify schools as protective learning environments.
2. People affected by the conflict/crisis have increased their access to the right of humanitarian assistance provided by the state.
3. Communities affected by the conflict increase their access to the rights contemplated in collective reparation plans (recognition, dignification, citizen inclusion and reconstruction of the social fabric).
4. Children, Adolescents and Youth (CAY) supported by the project, increase their access to qualified education.
Principaux résultats attendus:
-3’000 CAY receive emergency education assistance during crisis.
Principaux résultats antérieurs:
During the last phase, 6,749 people were beneficiated.
The project indirectly benefited 2,240 people
Through NRC’s advocacy, the indefinite extension of the apostille exception for birth registration of Venezuelan children of Colombians in some municipalities was achieved jointly with the members of the Migrant Network. Similarly, inputs for the design of the Humanitarian Response Plan 2017, achieving the prioritization of the Protection and Education sectors, were generated.
|Direction/office fédéral responsable||
|Partenaire de projet||
Organisation non gouvernementale internationale ou étrangère
Community leaders (Comunidad Escalabrini), Humanitarian Local Team (HLT). UN agencies (WFP, OCHA, UNHCR, UNICEF).
|Coordination avec d'autres projets et acteurs||
NRC will coordinate and align actions with: the Ministry of Education, the Victims’ Unit (UARIV), INGOs (Plan internacional, Jesuit Refugee Service), Migración Colombia, Regional and local authorities, Ombudsman’s office, ICBF, Mayor’s offices, schools. Local partners of NRC, such as Pastoral Social.
|Budget||Phase en cours Budget de la Suisse CHF 2'550'000 Budget suisse déjà attribué CHF 1'415'262|
|Phases du projet||Phase 2 15.06.2017 - 31.12.2019 (Phase en cours)|