In Burkina Faso, Switzerland is engaged in three domains to help combat poverty: governance and democracy, basic education and vocational training, and local economic development, mainly in the eastern, central-western and northern regions.

Following the popular uprising in October 2014, the government in place since December 2015 faces high expectations from the population amid a worsening security situation, evidenced by the terrorist attack in Ouagadougou in January 2016 and the onslaughts in the border regions of the north. Despite an economy growing at about 4% a year, largely thanks to the exploitation of natural resources (gold, cotton, shea), Burkina Faso remains one of the world’s poorest countries. Some 80% of the population grow subsistence crops in family smallholdings