Renewable Energy

The renewable energy sector in Switzerland has grown sharply over the last few years. Hydropower is by far the country's most important domestic source of renewable energy.

Dam in the Alps
The Grand Dixence Dam, canton of Valais © Hanspeter Baertschi

Most of the renewable energy produced in Switzerland comes from hydropower, solar power, geothermal power (heat pumps), biomass (wood), wind power and waste incineration. 23% of total energy consumption in 2015 was generated by one of these sources, up from a mere 15.8% in 1990. This share remained largely stable until 2006. Since then, it has risen dramatically. Between 1990 and 2015 renewable energy consumption increased by 53%. 

In Switzerland hydropower dominates the renewable energy sector. In 2015, it was responsible for 61.4% of domestic energy production, followed by wood (16.4%), waste incineration (11%), geothermal power (6.2%), solar power (2.8%), biogas (2%), wind power (0.2%) and biofuels (0.1%). 

In 2015 23% of the energy consumed in Switzerland came from renewable sources, much higher than the European average for that year (16.7%), but lower than in Finland (39.3%), Sweden (53.9%) and Norway (69.4%). Switzerland has set itself the goal of raising the share of renewables by at least 50% between 2010 and 2020.