The energy that Switzerland currently consumes is primarily imported and non-renewable. In future, less energy should be consumed and its sources should be more sustainable. The Federal Council launched the Energy Strategy 2050 in 2011 to achieve this goal.
Most of the energy used in Switzerland comes from petroleum, nuclear and hydroelectric power plants, and natural gas. Around 70% of the energy consumed in Switzerland is imported, with its sources non-renewable for the most part. In 2011, Switzerland decided to realise the energy transition domestically through its Energy Strategy 2050 so as to achieve climate neutrality and free itself from dependence on fossil fuels.
The goals of the energy strategy are to massively reduce energy consumption in stages by 2050 and to greatly increase the share of renewables in the energy mix. Nuclear power plants are to be decommissioned at the end of their operating lives.