The situation applying to Swiss citizens moving to the UK after Brexit depends on whether there will be an orderly Brexit, based on the UK-EU Withdrawal Agreement, or a disorderly Brexit (no-deal scenario). In case of an orderly Brexit the UK’s exit from the EU will be followed by a transition period (see Question 2), currently expected to last until 31 December 2020. During that period, all the bilateral agreements that Switzerland has with the EU will continue to apply to the UK, including the Agreement on the Free Movement of Persons. Swiss citizens arriving in the UK during the transition period can move to the UK under the terms of that Agreement. If they wish to stay in the UK beyond 31 December 2020, they will have to apply for pre-settled status (see Question 7).
In case of a disorderly Brexit (no-deal scenario), the Agreement on the Free Movement of Persons will cease to apply to the UK on 31 January 2020. In that scenario and for an interim period (until 31 December 2020) Swiss citizens can continue to come to the UK under the same terms as today. The European Temporary Leave to Remain (Euro-TLR) scheme will be introduced in case of a no-deal Brexit and it works on a voluntary basis. Euro-TLR will allow Swiss citizens to live, work and study in the UK for three more years from the date it is granted. If they wish to stay in the UK after those three years, they will need to apply for an immigration status under the UK’s future immigration system. Please take note that the Leave is granted for 36 months from the date it is issued. The later in the interim phase you apply, the longer you will have time to make arrangements under the new immigration system starting in January 2021.
As the European Temporary Leave to Remain application is voluntary during the interim period (until 31 December 2020), citizens planning to leave the UK before that date are not obliged to apply.
Swiss citizens arriving in the UK after 31 December 2020 will be subject to the UK’s future immigration system.