Swiss Support for the introduction of the Dual-track principles in Bulgaria Vocational Education system

This project pursues a sustainable Bulgarian system of professional school education in which vocational education is tightly linked to the demand of the business. It is a vision, in which vocational schools are generating competent, knowledgeable and highly qualified workforce, able to respond to the immediate needs of the labor market and where companies are seen as responsible partners to the educational institutions. Dual Vocational Education and Training System (DVETS) is considered as one of the operational tools and entry point for the accomplishment of this vision.

Pays/région Thème Période Budget
Favoriser la croissance économique et améliorer les conditions de travail
Formation professionnelle
01.12.2014 - 30.11.2019
CHF 2'701'930

In the framework of the Swiss-Bulgarian Cooperation Pro-gramme (SBCP), the Bulgarian government has expressed the interest of using the Swiss experience and know-how to reform the Professional Education system in Bulgaria by introducing a Dual-track mechanism combining general and theoretical education (in school) and practical training (on the job). During the second annual meeting of the Programme (14.03.2013) both Swiss and Bulgarian parties agreed to dedicate part of the remaining under the programme funds to support such a programme. In this context, experts from the Swiss Institute for Vocational Education and Training (SFIVET) supported by a Bulgarian consultant were contracted by SDC to carry out a feasibility study and consequently draft a Project Outline. The main rationale behind this project is to make use of the Swiss experience in the context of Professional Education in order to build a system which is fit for Bulgaria and offers the same advantages as the Swiss Dual Education System.


This project will endeavor a sustainable Bulgarian system of professional school education, in which vocational education is tightly linked to the demand of the business. Its goal is to create a replicable model and the respective capacity for implementing the DVETS in Bulgaria, while specific objectives as follows:
• Pilot a new approach in the development of curricula and syllabi in the VET system
• Practical implementation of the curricula in a complete educational cycle in a number of professions
• Building capacity for disseminating the DVETS in Bulgaria
• Supporting legislative changes for the implementation of the DVETS in Bulgaria
• Promote a positive public image of the project and the VET in general

Groupes cibles

Vocational teachers and in-structors, state educational experts and pupils.


Résultats obtenus:  

(by the end of 2018)

  • 32 vocational schools in 19 Bulgarian cities in 14 administrative regions joined the project
  • A total of 170 enterprises are partners to the participating schools, of which 81% Bulgarian companies while 19% being foreign investors in the country (with about 10% Swiss compagnies)
  • Significant steps have been done towards the amendment of the legislative basis: the amended Ordinance for dual vocational training (DVET) came into force on May 2018; after their approval by the Council of Ministers, the amendements in the VET Act concerning the DVET have been sent for voting to the Parliament
  • The newly established National Consultative Council on VET is continuing the work started in the frame of the Forum on Dual Education, where all stakeholders are involved to make consensus-based recommendations for the ongoing reform in the vocational training
  • The National Agency for Vocational Education and Training (NAVET) continued using the qualification profiles developed within the project to update the State Standards for professions targeted by the project
  • 1134 students enrolled in dual training in 12 professions. Among them, 93 graduated DVET classes since the beginning of the project and 70% of them got an employment while the others are continuing tertiary education
  • New curricula developed with project's suppport in 12 professions are approved by the Ministy of Education as a national standard                    
  • Know-how transfer/exchange with Swiss experts (SFIVET) enhanced the capacity of locally-trained experts in dual education (DTEs) whom gradually took over project activities
  • A total of 139 instructors from the partner companies and 76 teachers have been trained by SFIVET experts and Bulgarian DTEs to work according the dual education curricula and principles

Principaux résultats attendus:  

• Knowledge of the Swiss DVETS, skills for managing the elaboration of curricula and syllabi, applying the Swiss DVETS
• Knowledge and skills for training teachers at schools and instructors at companies. The trained teachers will be able to teach in a DVET-system according to the respective curriculum of the profession
• The trained instructors will be able to work as leaders of the apprentices in their company and to endorse the necessary professional know-how  curriculum of the profession
• Legislative base amended to allow for lawful and business-friendly implementation of dual-track training

Direction/office fédéral responsable DDC
Crédit Contribution suisse à l'UE élargie
Partenaire de projet Partenaire contractuel
Institution étatique étrangère
  • National State Institute North

Budget Phase en cours Budget de la Suisse CHF   2'701'930 Budget suisse déjà attribué CHF   2'109'527
Phases du projet Phase 1 01.12.2014 - 30.11.2019   (Phase en cours)