Somalia - UN Joint Programme Saameynta: Scaling-up Solutions to Displacement (UNJPS)
Displacement contributes to Somalia’s rapid and unplanned urbanization. 2.6 million people are displaced with little prospects for durable solutions. Switzerland, in a whole of government approach and through a UN Joint Programme Saameynta (UNJPS) will contribute to durable solutions for displacement-affected communities by improving their protection environment, socio-economic inclusiveness, self-reliance and fit-for-purpose land governance, thus leading to sustainable (re)integration.
Horn of Africa
Forced displacement (refugees, IDP, human trafficking)
Migration generally (development aspects and partnerships)
Human rights (incl. Women's rights)
- International Organisation for Migration
- Other UN Organisation
- Foreign private sector North
- United Nations Development Programme
|Background||Somalia is facing an enormous crisis with 2.6 mio internally displaced people (IDPs). Approximately every 5th citizen has fled to urban and peri-urban areas driving rapid urbanization. Somalia`s IDPs are among the most vulnerable, with a majority facing chronic food insecurity, inadequate shelter and heightened exposure to protection risks. The capacities of the Somali government authorities to take lead in addressing the needs of the displaced populations are limited. Finding durable solutions to large-scale and protracted displacement in Somalia has become a priority for national and international stakeholders since 2016, when the Durable Solutions Initiative was launched by the UN and the Federal Government of Somalia. More recently, the National Development Plan 2020-2024 and the National Durable Solutions Strategy further stress and articulate durable solutions as one of the key cross cutting imperatives for Somalia. Supported by Switzerland, Somalia has emerged as one of the pioneer countries in the region on durable solutions. Switzerland has played a lead role through high level advisory of Prof Walter Kaelin to the Somali government. The Swiss expertise in durable solutions and local governance, coupled with the project’s approach to link local, federal, national and regional level, represent an important Swiss value-added.|
|Objectives||Investments toward mixed-use land development packages and urban public works will generate land value increments that, combined with advancements in land tenure security and employment, will increase opportunities for self-reliance and access to social services, hence contributing to durable solutions at scale in a displacement-affected communities (DAC)-inclusive way.|
1. IDPs in target cities
2. Vulnerable host communities in target cities
3. Local authorities in target cities
Indirect Target groups:
4. Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and Federal Member State (FMS) authorities in target cities
5. Private sector and investors
1. Enhanced capacities of local authorities and DACs reinforce mutual accountability to plan, leverage, finance and implement durable solutions at scale that reflect collective and area-specific priorities;
2. Strengthened self-reliance and social cohesion of DACs through employment generation and service delivery and additional investments in target cities.
1. Studies and assessments (further conflict analysis, mapping assessment of socio-economic status of DACs and land tenure security);
2. Strategies and legal provisions with specific priorities on women, youth and climate smart;
3. Development of CONSUL platform and governance mechanisms and tools related to inclusive land governance;
4. Technical knowledge of authorities and DACs enhanced;
5. Improved access to service delivery and livelihoods;
6. Establishment of community funds, governance framework, fund management and systems;
7. Livelihoods and entrepreneurship support (supplying start up kits for micro, small and medium businesses);
8. Material and infrastructure support on durable housing models, WASH etc for improved acess to basic services;
9. Development briefs with financial feasibility studies;
10. Investment plans and delivery frameworks.
Results from previous phases:
Below are key results achieved during opening phase:
- Joint assessment with authorities to identify 3 project locations: Baidoa (1st pilot), Bossaso, Beletwyne
- Gender analysis conducted resulting in a Gender Outcome Monitoring Framework and Conflict analysis
- Training of Trainers guide on establishment of a Land Information system for Baidoa with focus on Social Tenure Domain Model and KoboCollect tools
- Private sector financing study - GPMD/ESG
- Common Social Accountability- Baidoa & Bosasso
|Directorate/federal office responsible||
United Nations Organization (UNO)
UNDP Multi-Partners Trust Fund (MPTF) as both the administrative agent and implementing organization.
|Coordination with other projects and actors||
Coordination at the sectorial thematic group (under the lead of the Government), at implementing partners’ and donors’ level (formal durable solutions groups exist).
Synergies at 3 levels: with other durable solutions interventions under the regional Entry Proposal; with other swiss multilateral interventions (ICRC, OCHA, WFP, SHF) and key bilateral programmes (UN Joint Programme on Local Governance (JPLG) and World Bank); and with other DS programmes funded by other donors (e.g. Danwadaag).
|Budget||Current phase Swiss budget CHF 9’994’000 Swiss disbursement to date CHF 5’063’337|