Since 1 July 2016, ordinances implementing the preventive freezing of assets of politically exposed persons (PEPs) and their entourage are based on the Federal Act on the Freezing and the Restitution of Illicit Assets held by Foreign Politically Exposed Persons (Foreign Illicit Assets Act, FIAA).
Foreign Illicit Assets Act
With the freezing of assets, the Federal Council provides support to the judicial authorities of the states concerned in order to enable them to communicate their request for mutual legal assistance in the framework of their criminal proceedings to Switzerland. It is in the responsibility of the relevant judicial authorities of the country in question to initiate the necessary criminal proceedings and to demonstrate the illicit origin of the frozen assets.
Following violence and unrest, as well as the fall of incumbent rulers, the Federal Council took measures to freeze the assets of former presidents Ben Ali (Tunisia-Ordinance), Mubarak (Egypt-Ordinance) and Yanukovych (Ukraine-Ordinance) as well as of persons from their entourage. A possible extension of the freezing is re-evaluated on an annual basis.
At its meeting on 10 December 2021, the Federal Council decided to extend the preventive asset freeze relating to Ukraine by one year, until February 27, 2023.
The asset freeze ordinance relating to Tunisia expired on January 18, 2021, as it reached its statutory maximum duration of ten years.
In Egypt, several acquittals and reconciliation agreements contributed to the decision of the Egyptian judiciary to drop criminal proceedings in the most prominent cases with possible links to assets frozen in Switzerland. For this reason and in the absence of tangible results at the end of August 2017, the Swiss judicial authorities closed the mutual legal assistance procedures on cases with potential links to assets frozen in Switzerland. Therefore, the freeze on the Egyptian assets on the basis of the FIAA has no further purpose as defined by law and jurisprudence and the Federal Council lifted the freeze at its meeting on 20 December 2017.