Uguaglianza tra donne e uomini

Una donna e un uomo discutono di fronte a una baracca
L’impegno in favore della parità di diritti tra donne e uomini è un caposaldo in tutti i progetti della DSC. ©DSC

Le disparità di genere costituiscono uno dei maggiori ostacoli allo sviluppo sostenibile, alla crescita economica e alla lotta contro la povertà. Obiettivo della DSC è permettere sia alle donne che agli uomini di beneficiare degli stessi diritti per poter sviluppare il loro potenziale e valorizzare le loro risorse.

La povertà è ancor oggi marcata da un forte squilibrio tra i sessi: secondo studi internazionali, il 70 per cento circa delle persone che vivono in condizioni di estrema povertà sono donne. Leggi e norme sociali sfavoriscono spesso le ragazze e le donne, precludono loro l’accesso alla sanità e all’istruzione, alle posizioni decisionali, alle risorse finanziarie e al mercato.

Le donne lavorano spesso in condizioni precarie, in settori poco produttivi e senza alcuna protezione sociale, guadagnando meno degli uomini. Le donne hanno inoltre meno voce in capitolo degli uomini nei processi decisionali su questioni sociali, politiche ed economiche e non di rado sono vittime di violenza di genere, discriminazione ed esclusione.

La DSC si impegna in favore della parità di diritti e delle pari opportunità tra donne e uomini coinvolgendo uomini adulti e giovani nelle sue attività incentrate sulle questioni di genere e rappresenta i loro interessi trasversalmente, vale a dire in tutti i suoi progetti e le sue strategie. Conflitti, contesti fragili, economia e politica sono aree tematiche prioritarie.

Con la «strategia del DFAE per l’uguaglianza di genere e i diritti delle donne», adottata nel 2017, l’uguaglianza tra donne e uomini è diventata un pilastro principale della politica estera della Svizzera. Il messaggio concernente la cooperazione internazionale della Svizzera 2017-2020 mira per la prima volta esplicitamente a rafforzare l’uguaglianza tra i sessi e i diritti delle donne e delle ragazze. La Svizzera s’impegna anche ad attuare l’Agenda 2030 per uno sviluppo sostenibile dell’ONU, il cui obiettivo 5 è di raggiungere l’uguaglianza di genere e l’autodeterminazione di tutte le donne e ragazze. È firmataria della Convenzione dell’ONU sull’eliminazione di ogni forma di discriminazione nei confronti della donna (CEDAW) del 1979. L’uguaglianza tra uomini e donne è sancita nell’articolo 8 capoverso 3 della Costituzione federale del 1999.

Ugualianza e diritti delle donne in situazioni di conflitto e in contesti fragili

La DSC attua la Risoluzione 1325 del Consiglio di sicurezza delle Nazioni Unite incentrata sui temi della prevenzione e della protezione dalla violenza di genere in situazioni di conflitto e della partecipazione delle donne ai processi di pace.

Rafforzamento della partecipazione delle donne alla vita politica

La DSC si impegna affinché donne e uomini possano onorare con pari diritti i loro doveri di cittadine e cittadini.

Accesso alle risorse naturali, all’istruzione e a fonti di reddito

Le donne svolgono un ruolo chiave nella lotta contro la povertà e nella promozione della sicurezza alimentare. È dunque fondamentale garantire loro l’accesso alle risorse naturali, all’istruzione e a fonti di reddito.

Ausili di lavoro per la promozione dell’uguaglianza

«Gender Tool Kit» e strumenti di lavoro tematici.

Documenti

Progetti attuali

Oggetto 13 – 24 di 60

Support to Gaza Community Mental health Programme

01.03.2019 - 31.12.2021

By supporting the provision of quality mental health services through Gaza Community Mental Health Programme, Switzerland contributes to strengthening the resilience of vulnerable people in the Gaza Strip, where distress, psychological and psychiatric problems continue to increase after more than a decade of Israeli closure and intra-Palestinian divide, repeated traumatic conflicts and the degradation of socioeconomic conditions. Addressing distress and traumas also contributes to the prevention of radicalization.


National Human Rights Program for Afghanistan (Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission)

01.02.2019 - 31.12.2023

The Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission has a constitutional mandate to promote and protect human rights in Afghanistan. The Commission continues the journey of building an Afghan society free of fear and discrimination. It lobbies with the government and other actors and contributes significantly to enhance human rights awareness, education, monitoring and reporting, and to empower Afghan citizens to defend their human rights. Switzerland together with other donors provides financial and when required technical support.


United Nations Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2020

The protracted conflict in eastern Ukraine and its devastating effect on the civilian population requires a continued comprehensive international human rights monitoring and engagement with relevant actors. The presence and impartial work of the United Nations Human Rights Monitoring Mission helps to identify human rights gaps and concerns in Ukraine with a special focus on the east and Crimea. The mission formulates specific recommendations for shaping state policies and international assistance programs.


Support to Safe Spaces for Women, Youth and Children in Gaza Strip

Safe Spaces Project, Khan Younis, Gaza Strip

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2020

In 2019-2020, Switzerland will support the Culture and Free Thought Association (CFTA) and the Culture and Arts Association (NAWA) in the Gaza Strip to provide quality educational and cultural services in safe learning environments for children, youth and women, including persons with disabilities. This contribution aims to enhance the inclusion of marginalized groups in local development and in community-led initiatives, and to prevent wider spreading of violent extremism and radicalisation.


Programme contribution to Brot für alle / Bread for all 2019-2020

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2020

Bread for all (Bfa), the development organization of the protestant churches of Switzerland, has aligned its mandate with the Agenda 2030. Through a network of ten faith-based organizations active in partner countries, Bfa supports disadvantaged people to access Food Security, Education and Health. It also strengthens communities in peacebuilding and conflict transformation, while furthering the social responsibility of Swiss stakeholders.


Program Contribution to Fastenopfer (FO) 2019 - 2020

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2020

Fastenopfer (FO) is a Swiss Catholic relief organization established in Luzern in 1961. It supports disadvantaged people and communities of all confessions aiming at overcoming hunger and poverty in partnership with organisations in 14 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America as well as with partners in Switzerland. FO promotes socio- cultural and economic transformation towards sustainable development and is especially engaged in the areas of food security, sustainable economy and gender equality.


She Leads – Women Leadership Programme

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2022

Federalism has created a historic opportunity for some 14’000 Nepalese women, over half of them from socially discriminated groups, to serve for the first time as elected representatives at local level. However, most elected women at local level remain excluded from political decision making due to discrimination based on patriarchal norms and values, and lack of resources and networks. The project promotes women leadership to support the peace process and to prevent future conflicts.


Multi-Donor civil society support program in Rwanda

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2020

The program aims at strengthening the capacity of Rwanda civil society to engage constructively with the Government on policy, planning and monitoring issues. It will improve a bottom-up dialogue and consultation mechanisms and promote the use of evidence in policy making for an effective implementation of the National Strategy for Transformation. The project is in line with Switzerland’s approach of fostering civic participation in Rwanda.


Disability: Community Based Development Muzaffargarh, Pakistan

01.12.2018 - 31.12.2020

Die CBM fokussiert auf die ärmsten und schwächsten Bevölkerungsgruppen – getreu dem Grundsatz «Niemanden zurücklassen» (Leave no one behind) im Hinblick auf die Umsetzung der Agenda 2030. Deshalb spielt die CBM seit über dreissig Jahren eine wichtige Rolle bei der Inklusion von Menschen mit Behinderungen, namentlich von sehbehinderten und blinden Menschen. Die DEZA wird über die Abteilung Institutionelle Partnerschaften, die für das Thema «Disability» zuständig ist, einen Pilotbeitrag zur Verbesserung der Lebensbedingungen von Menschen mit Behinderungen leisten.


Regional Development and Protection Program (RDPP)

01.12.2018 - 31.12.2021

The conflict in Syria has forced hundreds of thousands of Syrians to seek refuge in neighboring countries, confronting the concerned governments, host communities, and the refugees themselves with tremendous challenges. Switzerland, first by the Secretariat for Migration and now by SDC, supports Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq to address these challenges and mitigate the impact of forced displacement on host communities through a combination of protection with livelihood approaches. SDC is well positioned to further the labor market integration of refugees and other vulnerable migrants due to its long-standing experience on labor migration issues in the region.


United Nations World Bank „Humanitarian Development Peace Initiative“ (formerly „UN – World Bank Fragility and Conflict Partnership Trust Fund”)

01.12.2018 - 31.12.2021

The “Humanitarian – Development - Peace Initiative” (HDPI) is a joint effort by the United Nations (UN) and the World Bank aim to increase aid efficiency in contexts affected by fragility, conflict and violence through working closer together across the humanitarian – development – peace nexus. For the past eight years, Switzerland has been supporting the UN – World Bank partnership both politically and financially and is in a good position to promote further institutionalisation and scale-up


Recovery and stabilization support to Eastern Ukraine: Good Governance and Citizens' Engagement

01.12.2018 - 31.01.2022

The conflict in Eastern Ukraine has put a massive toll on key public infrastructure. 20% of active households have experienced employment loss and reduced livelihoods, and thousands of families have been separated from their relatives across the contact line. This contribution to the UN-led Recovery and Peacebuilding program aims at strengthening the capacities of regional and local governments to make more effective use of increased funding for addressing pressing recovery needs, supporting local dialogue and trust building.

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