La salute: un diritto umano e un presupposto per lo sviluppo

La salute è un diritto umano precluso a più di un miliardo di individui. Le attuali disparità in materia di salute ostacolano lo sviluppo sociale, economico e sostenibile. La DSC si impegna per migliorare le condizioni sanitarie della popolazione nei Paesi a basso e medio reddito e, dove possibile, si avvale del know-how svizzero per realizzare e ampliare l’assistenza sanitaria in modo tale che funzioni in maniera efficiente e garantisca un buon livello qualitativo.

Obiettivi principali della DSC

La Svizzera ritiene che la fornitura dei servizi sanitari di base sia un presupposto fondamentale per lo sviluppo economico e sociale e che le disparità in campo sanitario rappresentino inaccettabili violazioni dei diritti umani fondamentali. L’azione della DSC volta a migliorare l’assistenza sanitaria si concentra dunque sulle necessità delle popolazioni più povere.

La volontà di migliorare le condizioni sanitarie dei più poveri è in linea con l’Agenda 2030 per uno sviluppo sostenibile, il cui terzo obiettivo sancisce l’impegno della comunità internazionale – e quindi anche della Svizzera – per garantire una vita sana e promuovere il benessere di tutti a tutte le età. La salute è dunque considerata un fattore essenziale. Per superare le disparità sociali e promuovere lo sviluppo sostenibile è imprescindibile l’accesso a un sistema sanitario funzionante e completo. Per questo, in ambito sanitario la DSC pone l’accento sul buongoverno, sul rafforzamento del ruolo e della responsabilità delle comunità e degli utenti dei servizi sanitari come pure sulla creazione di strutture efficienti per:

  • rafforzare i sistemi sanitari con l’intento di garantire a tutti la possibilità di fruire di servizi sanitari
  • controllare le malattie trasmissibili e non trasmissibili
  • migliorare la salute sessuale e riproduttiva, compresa la salute della madre e del bambino
  • integrare la lotta all’HIV/AIDS nella cooperazione internazionale in ambiti che esulano da quello sanitario

Contesto

L’assistenza sanitaria compete sia ai governi sia alle comunità interessate. Un fattore essenziale per gestire le risorse disponibili in modo efficiente e adeguato ai bisogni della popolazione consiste nel rafforzare il buongoverno.

La Svizzera dispone di un vasto know-how nel settore della salute, che già oggi fornisce un prezioso aiuto nella creazione e nell’ampliamento dell’assistenza sanitaria nei Paesi partner. Avvalendosi di tali competenze e sfruttando le proprie collaborazioni strategiche con ONG svizzere, istituti di ricerca e il settore privato, la DSC condivide in modo mirato conoscenze, prodotti e servizi con i Paesi partner. Inoltre promuove soluzioni innovative adeguate alle realtà locali e comportamenti sostenibili in grado di migliorare la situazione sanitaria in tali Paesi.

I notevoli progressi compiuti in questo campo non devono però nascondere la presenza di sfide ancora da affrontare. La povertà estrema, per esempio, è in calo, ma il divario tra le condizioni sanitarie dei ricchi e dei poveri è sempre più profondo. I più poveri fra i poveri – circa un miliardo di persone – non dispongono ancora di un accesso all’acqua potabile e a infrastrutture sanitarie, a un’alimentazione sufficiente ed equilibrata e all’assistenza sanitaria.

Documenti

Progetti attuali

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Ensuring equitable access of refugees to quality health services in the Republic of Moldova (single-phase project)

01.07.2024 - 30.06.2025

The proposed initiative aims to provide equitable access to quality health care for refugees with temporary protection, in line with the priorities of both the Moldovan and Swiss governments. By strengthening the capacity of Moldovan health care authorities and service providers, it will address critical gaps in the delivery of health services for refugees and establish sustainable financing and monitoring mechanisms for such services. The project also seeks to raise awareness among refugees and health care providers on health care packages available to refugees.


Community-based Health Services and System Strengthening Support in Sagaing

01.05.2024 - 30.04.2027

Three years after the military coup in Myanmar, targeted attacks and scrutiny in the health sector by the military junta led to a partial or total lack of access to healthcare in various regions, particularly in the dry zone. Through this project, Switzerland aims to support locally-led and inclusive community-based health system in Sagaing to provide essential, emergency, quality primary health care services, while ensuring the transition to a new decentralized and inclusive health system.


Community Health Provision in Somalia (CHASP)

01.05.2024 - 30.04.2027

The programme provides maternal and child health services in Somalia in targeted facilities. It strengthens the capacities of regional and district health authorities including of health personnel working in these facilities. The programme promotes access in terms of basic health services and skilled health personnel at decentralized levels. This is connected to the Swiss interest of promoting service provision and good governance capacities especially at grassroot levels, which also feeds into the transformation/ development agenda of Somalia.


Contribution to Medicus Mundi Switzerland (MMS) Network

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2027

Medicus Mundi Switzerland is a Network of 49 Swiss non-governmental organisations, foundations and scientific institutions involved in health advocacy at global level and health programmes in lowand middle-income countries. Taking a multisectoral approach and fostering open dialogue with relevant actors, decision-makers and the broader public, the Network facilitates the exchange of knowledge and experience and contributes to finding solutions to global health challenges.


Core Contribution Swiss Malaria Group (SMG)

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2027

The Swiss Malaria Group (SMG) is a Swiss-based public, private academic and civil society leadership network that works towards a malaria-free world. SMG member organisations coordinate their efforts to engage technical expertise, opinion-makers and the general public to provide Swiss leadership against malaria, strengthen research and innovation by Swiss actors, and fight malaria in low- and middle-income countries.


VEN:Tierra Viva - Aten. Int. com. indig

15.10.2023 - 31.12.2024

In line with the 2023 Humanitarian Response Plan for Venezuela, Fundación Tierra Viva will provide humanitarian assistance in the sectors of health, nutrition and livelihoods to indigenous communities in the state of Bolivar and Delta Amacuro, with the aim of addressing the emergency nutritional situation of children, pregnant and lactating mothers and adults. As well as the recovery and strengthening of agricultural practices. 


Humanitarian assistance to people affected by the protracted crisis in Venezuela

01.09.2023 - 31.12.2024

Despite a moderate recovery in some economic indicators during 2022, the Venezuelan economy continues to contract during 2023. Meanwhile, there is no improvement in the structural causes of the humanitarian crisis. As a result, the needs of the most vulnerable are still high. Therefore, Caritas aims to facilitate access on health, nutrition, food security and livelihoods, for vulnerable families in eight states according to the Guidance Note for Venezuela 2022-2024. 


Strengthening Civil Society in Myanmar – Paung Ku

01.07.2023 - 30.06.2027

In Myanmar, civic space has considerably shrunk since the military coup. In the absence of a legitimate government, networks of independent civil society organisations (CSOs) are essential actors for basic service provision and promotion of democratic values and human rights. Showing commitment to localisation, Switzerland will enable local CSOs to further support vulnerable communities and to protect the foundations of a pluralistic and inclusive society.  


Myanmar: Primary Health Care

01.05.2023 - 30.04.2026

The military coup in Myanmar has interrupted the progress towards Universal Health Coverage (UHC) and provoked a quasi-collapse of the public health system. Through the Primary Health Care project, Switzerland supports conflict-affected communities in Karen State by providing essential lifesaving healthcare and quality basic maternal and child health services through strengthening the ethnic health system and the community-based service provision.


Women and Girls First

01.05.2023 - 31.12.2026

In Myanmar, the pandemic and military coup have increased the risks for gender-based violence (GBV) and deep-rooted gender inequality. Through the Women and Girls First programme, Switzerland supports women, girls and young people to realise their sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and fulfil their potential. It does so by strengthening community-based and ethnic systems to be more responsive to needs related to GBV, SRHR and mental health.


Health for All (HAP)

01.04.2023 - 31.03.2027

The health sector in Albania is undergoing structural reforms. New models of service that integrate health and social care are approved and being implemented currently in small scale. Under the lead of the Ministry of Health and Social Protection, the project will facilitate the upscale of the new home care service at primary health care. The aim is to transform primary care to the specific needs of the poor and vulnerable population like the elderly, people with disabilities and mental health disorders. 


Swiss Water and Sanitation Consortium (SWSC)

01.03.2023 - 31.12.2027

The Swiss Water and Sanitation Consortium includes 10 non-governmental organizations and contributes to improving the livelihoods of the most vulnerable communities in least developed countries in West and East Africa and Asia by increasing drinking water, sanitation and hygiene coverage in schools and health care facilities. It also contributes to triggering innovation and knowledge sharing between the Swiss NGOs as well as strengthening the Swiss profile in advocacy and policy.

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