Democratizzazione: per uno sviluppo inclusivo e sostenibile

Una giovane donna inserisce nell’urna la sua scheda piegata.
La DSC appoggia lo svolgimento di elezioni eque e trasparenti – per esempio in Tunisia. © DSC

La promozione dei valori democratici è importante per uno Stato che intenda essere inclusivo. La partecipazione a pieno titolo di tutta la popolazione aumenta le possibilità di uno sviluppo equilibrato che vada a beneficio di tutti. Limita inoltre la corruzione e gli abusi di potere, riducendo, in definitiva, il rischio di frustrazione e scontri politici. La promozione della democrazia è una delle priorità della politica estera svizzera. 

I processi di democratizzazione stanno particolarmente a cuore alla DSC. Il suo obiettivo è favorire la partecipazione della popolazione e un operato dei governi all’altezza delle loro responsabilità. La partecipazione a pieno titolo alla vita politica di diversi gruppi della popolazione e il loro coinvolgimento in tutte le questioni che hanno un impatto sull’esistenza quotidiana consentono di tenere conto di una pluralità d’interessi ampliando la legittimazione dei processi politici e il senso di corresponsabilità in fase di attuazione. Altri principi fondamentali in democrazia sono la divisione dei poteri e il controllo, l’obbligo di rendiconto, l’uguaglianza giuridica e lo Stato di diritto.

La Svizzera sostiene le istituzioni e i processi democratici. Appoggia l’interazione delle diverse forze democratiche che influiscono sul sistema politico e possono così rafforzarsi reciprocamente, attribuisce particolare importanza alla promozione dell’uguaglianza di genere e alla parità di diritti nonché alla protezione delle fasce più vulnerabili della popolazione. Opera inoltre con grande consapevolezza politica, sostiene soluzioni adeguate al contesto e costruisce su quanto già esiste, basandosi su valori democratici e non su modelli prestabiliti.

La democratizzazione è importante per uno sviluppo inclusivo e sostenibile, ma rappresenta anche un obiettivo in sé, in quanto garantisce il rispetto dei diritti civili e politici ed è il presupposto per la tutela di altri diritti fondamentali sul piano sociale, economico o culturale. Può infine contribuire a disinnescare conflitti violenti.

Progetti attuali

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Supporting Civil Society Organizations in Nicaragua

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2024

SDC and other like-minded donors are engaged in enhancing the democratic and public policy processes in Nicaragua. A strong civil society is essential to the quality and sustainability of this effort. The proposed program will promote citizen participation, strengthen capacities of Civil Society Organizations and foster informed policy dialogue. 


Strengthening democratic local governance

01.01.2023 - 30.12.2026

The project aims at supporting the democratic transition and the peace efforts in Myanmar. Using a decentralized budget support approach to all townships of one state in the Southeast of the country, it will strengthen township’s participatory planning and budgeting capacity. The project will also deepen the community’s capacity to demand public services. Additionally it will support national level policy discussions based on this experience.


Economic Policy for Inclusive Growth

01.09.2022 - 31.12.2029

The planned intervention aims at supporting inclusive growth that improves the living standards for the Mozambicans, in particular women and youth. It will be pursued through increased analytical capacity and better informed policy making, by means of focussed support to economic analysis and discussion in and between government and non-government institutions. Emphasis on non-government institutions will enhance the demand for and accountability for effective policy making for inclusive growth


Soutien au Dispositif National de Sécurité Alimentaire -PRESA-

01.07.2022 - 31.12.2025

Malgré l’excédent céréalier enregistré durant ces deux dernières décennies, l’insécurité alimentaire touche près du ¼ de la population du Mali. La DDC veut renforcer les capacités institutionnelles et organisationnelles du dispositif national de sécurité alimentaire en vue d’améliorer la prévention et la gestion des crises conjoncturelles et accroître la résilience des populations vulnérables à l’insécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle.


Empowering Youth for Sustainable Development through the Youth Advisory Board

01.05.2022 - 30.04.2025

The Youth Advisory Board (YAB) gives young people the opportunity to include the voices of youth in the Swiss Cooperation Programme in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Interventions will better reflect and address the needs and challenges of young people, increasing their impact and relevance. At the same time, YAB members improve their critical thinking, develop ways of articulating important messages to decision makers and influencing policies. They become empowered to actively engage in the development processes in the country and shape their society.


Swiss Hosting 2022 Effective Development Cooperation Summit (GPEDC High-Level Meeting)

01.05.2022 - 31.12.2022

Switzerland will host the 2022 Effective Development Cooperation Summit, to be held in Geneva and hybrid, on the 12-14 December 2022. It is an opportunity to focus on the “how” of development cooperation, it will take stock of the implementation of the principles of effective development cooperation since 2011. The Summit will define the Partnership’s contribution to the Decade of Action to deliver on the SDGs and recovery from COVID19 pandemic. 


Potable Water Management Programme (PWMP) in Upper Egypt Phase 2

01.05.2022 - 31.12.2025

Egypt has critical needs in better managing water resources and reducing water losses as well as consumption, especially in Upper Egypt (climate change impact, lack of infrastructure, high poverty level). Switzerland provides innovative solutions for improved potable water management and service provision to the vulnerable population. The mixed approach based on strengthening capacities of the water company, improving the infrastructure for potable water provision and on engaging the communities will serve as model for nationwide replication.


Strengthening Systems of Secondary Cities

01.05.2022 - 30.04.2026

Rooted in the Swiss principle of subsidiarity the programme will enable local government authorities in secondary cities affected by migration and forced displacement to engage with key stakeholders, including the private sector, to consolidate their urban planning and management skills while securing access to financial and technical resources. It will further strengthen cities’ advocacy capacities to make their voices heard in national, regional and multilateral dialogues with a view to disseminate and learn about best practices on migrants’ integration. 


Appui à la transition au Tchad

01.05.2022 - 30.04.2024

Forte de sa crédibilité en matière de gouvernance et de promotion de l’état de droit, la Suisse s’engage au côté des partenaires du Tchad pour l’appuyer dans une transition politique pacifique et inclusive vers un nouveau cadre constitutionnel propice au développement grâce à l’établissement d’institutions représentatives, responsables et redevables par le financement d’actions concertées. Elle appuie des initiatives spécifiques à l’objectif suisse de promotion de l’équilibre entre sécurité et développement.


Empowering Municipal Councils

01.04.2022 - 31.03.2027

Municipal Councils have, according to the legislation, a very important role to play in local governance. However, councillors often lack the necessary knowledge to fulfil their responsibilities. Through the project, capacities of councillors will be enhanced, citizen participation in decision making promoted and legal framework adjusted, enabling councillors to fulfil their role and to become more independent from the executive branch.


KENYA - Strengthening Livestock Sector in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL) Counties

01.04.2022 - 31.03.2026

60% of the population in northern Kenya depends on livestock production in an environment of recurrent droughts and natural resource-based conflicts. The programme will contribute to poverty reduction, improved resilience to shocks and enhanced socio-economic inclusion of pastoralist and agro-pastoralist men and women by supporting climate-smart livestock production, improving rangelands management and promoting peaceful coexistence of communities.


RNI, Phase unique

01.03.2022 - 29.02.2024

Reconnue pour ses actions de promotion de la paix, la Suisse souhaite contribuer à la prévention de la violence dans la région du Lac Tchad. En appuyant la Radio Ndarason Internationale (RNI), la Suisse favorise l’accès à des informations fiables et contribue à offrir un espace d’expression et de dialogue aux habitants de la région. Elle leur permet ainsi une meilleure compréhension des enjeux, socle pour bâtir des solutions locales aux problèmes de gouvernance, de violence et de développement.

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