Rifugiati e sfollati interni: Aiuto umanitario e protezione della popolazione

La DSC offre assistenza ai rifugiati e agli sfollati interni inviando esperti sul posto, erogando aiuti finanziari alle ONG e alle agenzie umanitarie internazionali e collaborando con le autorità locali.

Nella linea di mira della DSC

L'Aiuto umanitario della DSC concentra gran parte del proprio impegno sull’assistenza e sul sostegno ai rifugiati e agli sfollati interni.

Tre quarti dei rifugiati sono concentrati in Paesi in via di sviluppo che non dispongono delle risorse necessarie per accogliere simili flussi di persone e offrire loro una protezione efficace. I profughi arrivati per mare, i cosiddetti «boat people», sono impossibilitati sia a proseguire il proprio viaggio sia a tornare nel Paese d'origine. L'irregolarità della loro situazione li espone a minacce fisiche, a furti e violenze nonché alla tratta di esseri umani.

Contrariamente ai rifugiati, gli sfollati interni non hanno varcato alcun confine nazionale, bensì sono stati costretti a fuggire da una regione all'altra del loro stesso Paese. Le loro sorti ricadono nella competenza di Governi e autorità locali che, molto spesso, non sono in grado o non vogliono assumersi alcuna responsabilità in merito. In questo caso, la Comunità internazionale si fa carico della loro protezione offrendo un aiuto diretto e sviluppando un quadro giuridico adeguato.

Contesto

In caso di migrazioni dovute allo scoppio di una crisi, la DSC adotta misure immediate che rientrano nel quadro dell'aiuto d'emergenza e della ricostruzione, ma il fenomeno delle migrazioni, complesso ed esteso a livello mondiale, richiede ben altri interventi.

Impiego di esperti

L'aiuto umanitario può pertanto assumere forme diverse, come  l'impiego di esperti incaricati della protezione delle vittime di conflitti armati, il supporto alle autorità locali oppure la distribuzione di denaro alle famiglie che accolgono rifugiati affinché possano godere di condizioni di vita migliori.

La DSC mette a disposizione dell'ACNUR esperti del Corpo svizzero di aiuto umanitario (CSA). Nel 2016, 24 esperti del CSA hanno svolto missioni per conto dell'ACNUR in 14 Paesi tra Africa, Asia, America Latina e Medio Oriente. L'ACNUR ha beneficiato delle competenze del CSA in vari settori quali le risorse idriche e il risanamento, la legislazione e la costruzione di ripari.

Un ulteriore pilastro dell'impegno della DSC è il progetto interdipartimentale «Protezione nella regione» e volto a offrire quanto più velocemente possibile protezione ai rifugiati nella propria regione d'origine e ad aiutare i Paesi di prima accoglienza a garantire la tutela necessaria a queste persone.

Reconstruire au-delà de l’urgence 

Un fenomeno in crescita

L’instabilità che caratterizza numerose regioni del mondo porta centinaia di migliaia di persone ad abbandonare il proprio Paese d'origine. L'ACNUR stima che nel 2016 rientreranno nelle sue competenze circa 61.4 milioni di persone (rifugiati, apolidi e sfollati in seguito a conflitti o persone che intendono tornare a casa), le quali avranno bisogno di protezione e assistenza.

Impegno in Siria

Dal 2011, la Svizzera offre aiuto umanitario e protezione alle popolazioni colpite dalla crisi siriana. La DSC attua azioni dirette in loro soccorso, realizzate da esperti del Corpo svizzero di aiuto umanitario (CSA) e presta un contributo finanziario sostanziale alle iniziative multilaterali del Comitato internazionale della Croce rossa e delle agenzie dell'ONU, supportando altresì alcune ONG operanti in loco.

L'impegno della Svizzera in Siria

Medio Oriente

Progetti attuali

Oggetto 49 – 60 di 74

SDC Education Fund

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2022

As part of its increased commitment for Education and of the implementation of SDC’s Education Strategy, the SDC launches an Education Fund in order to incentivize innovation and the application of new approaches in basic education/vocational skills development and through educational activities across sectors. Innovation can have a catalytic effect on the effectiveness of programmes in and through education. Education is a core enabler for sustainable development and is an important lever in Switzerland’s commitment to promote human and economic development, peace and stability. 


Ethiopia, IOM - Durable Solutions

10.12.2018 - 09.06.2021

Ethiopia has about 2.1 million internally displaced people (IDPs) mainly due to conflict, drought and flood. Addressing the needs of IDPs has been limited to meeting their short-term humanitarian needs. Given the prolonged economic, social, and gender impacts of displacement on individuals, there is a critical need for longer-term solutions. Switzerland will contribute through IOM to address the long-term needs of the displaced and host communities in their search for self-sufficiency.


Kenya: IFC Private Sector Engagement Kakuma

10.12.2018 - 31.12.2024

The project IFC Private Sector Engagement Kakuma implemented by the International Finance Corporation (IFC), seeks to attract private sector solutions for refugees and host communities through catalyzing private investments. Thanks to access to improved services, potentially lower prices and supported jobs, refugees and host community will enhance economic opportunities and capacities, self-esteem, dignity and empowerment.


Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development (KNOMAD)

01.12.2018 - 31.08.2024

Migration is one of the 21st century’s defining features that significantly impacts economic and social development. It is thus crucial to ensure that the positive effects of migration on development are maximized, while the negative ones minimized. This is only possible if reliable evidence on migration and its interrelations with development is available. KNOMAD generates ground-breaking research and policy recommendations in the field of M&D. Switzerland has taken a lead in building-up KNOMAD as a pioneering knowledge initiative.


Egyptian Red Crescent: Providing primary health care services to migrants and Egyptians in Greater Cairo

01.12.2018 - 31.10.2022

Access to public primary health care for migrants and Egyptians is a serious challenge. By the means of two “Mobile Clinics”, the project will answer to immediate medical needs of migrants and Egyptians in Greater Cairo. Advocacy on protection and health issues among decision makers will contribute to filling the gaps in service delivery. Thanks to its experience and ongoing engagement in health and protection in Egypt, Switzerland is well placed to provide early recovery and self-resilience interventions.


Building Regional and National capacities for improved Migration Governance in the IGAD Region

01.10.2018 - 30.06.2023

The Horn of Africa is of high interest for Switzerland in terms of migration policy. Swiss support to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and its Member States will contribute to improve their capacities to manage migration. Migrants and refugees will be better protected in the region and the contribution of migration to development of the Horn of Africa will be supported, hence stability promoted. The Swiss expertise and engagement at the policy level will contribute to foster a dialogue on migration between Switzerland and the Horn of Africa.


Blue Peace Financing: transboundary, multisectoral and transgenerational investments

01.10.2018 - 30.06.2023

To achieve the Sustainable Development Goals government efforts do not suffice, additional private capital deployed towards sustainable development are needed. Blue Peace advocates for investments to be re-directed to two levels: transboundary entities and to municipalities. This will have a transformative impact. As a door opener, Switzerland through its partnership with UNCDF contributes to the development of innovative financial products that enable transboundary, multisectoral and transgenerational investments leading to sustainable development and peace.


Somalia - Support to the Durable Solutions Initiative (DSI)

01.10.2018 - 30.09.2021

In Somalia, more than 2.6 mio people are internally displaced. Switzerland contributes to the provision of durable solutions for these people in the region by enhancing the awareness and the capacity of all relevant humanitarian, development and state-building actors under the leadership of the Somali Government. By addressing the underlying causes of protracted displacement, the affected people are offered the perspective of integration and self-reliance rather than migration.


Migrant Rights and Decent Work (MiriDew)

01.09.2018 - 31.12.2022

Remittances sent home by over 3 million Nepali migrant workers have significantly reduced poverty. Nevertheless, the rights of migrants are regularly violated. The proposed project will enhance the Government of Nepal’s understanding of overseas labour market conditions and strengthen mechanisms to better protect the rights of Nepali workers at home and abroad through better consular support and a strong presence in the international policy dialogue.


Strengthened and Informative Migration Systems (SIMS)

16.08.2018 - 14.12.2023

Labour migration remains a key driver for development in Bangladesh. The present project strengthens the socio-economic development of the country by providing better life perspectives for migrant workers. It enables migrant workers and their families to take informed decisions towards a productive and safe migration experience with reduced social costs. This supports implementation of the parliamentary mandate to better link Swiss migration policy with international cooperation.


Safer Migration (SaMI III) project

16.07.2018 - 15.07.2024

Labour migration is positively affecting Nepal’s socio-economic development with remittances significantly reducing poverty. Nevertheless, the rights of migrants are often violated. The Safer Migration project will empower migrants and their families and strengthen government protection mechanisms. The project will benefit about 600’000 men and women in three states of Nepal and enable about 60 local governments to run foreign employment services.


IBC-Improving protection, social cohesion and skills development services for Syrian and host communities in Kilis

01.04.2018 - 31.07.2019

There are almost 3.6 million Syrian refugees in Turkey, residing in different provinces across the country, mainly in non-camp settings. Their vulnerabilities are growing and tensions between them and host communities are on the rise. The national NGO IBC, active in humanitarian relief and emergency aid, aims with the proposed project to improve the living conditions of Syrian refugees, while focusing on strengthening social cohesion between host communities and refugees.

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