Formazione professionale: l’accesso al mondo del lavoro

Una formazione professionale di qualità può contribuire alla riduzione della povertà se permette di accedere in modo duraturo al mondo del lavoro e di avere un impiego dignitoso. L’obiettivo è quello di uno sviluppo economico che vada a vantaggio di tutti. La DSC coopera con le autorità pubbliche e il settore privato per elaborare offerte di formazione adeguate alle esigenze dell’economia.

Nella linea di mira della DSC

La DSC sostiene la visione di una formazione professionale in grado di offrire a tutte e a tutti le competenze necessarie per partecipare alla vita economica e ottenere un lavoro remunerato in maniera adeguata. L’idea è che professionisti ben formati abbiano gli strumenti per impegnarsi in attività economiche formali o informali, come lavoratrici e lavoratori dipendenti o autonomi.

L’occupabilità delle e degli apprendisti e il loro contributo a una maggiore produttività delle imprese è la chiave del successo agli occhi della DSC. Si tratta di aumentare le offerte di formazione garantendo che tutte le fasce della popolazione possano trarne beneficio: poveri e meno poveri, donne e uomini, abitanti delle campagne e delle città.

Affinché le filiere di formazione avviate corrispondano alle esigenze delle persone che le frequentano e dell’economia, la DSC coinvolge nella loro pianificazione e attuazione sia le autorità pubbliche che il settore privato. I programmi di formazione danno buoni risultati quando hanno un contenuto allo stesso tempo teorico e pratico, come avviene nel sistema duale svizzero.

La DSC cerca di migliorare le proposte di corsi strutturati, ma esorta anche a riconoscere le esperienze di lavoro e di apprendimento informali – a volte di tipo autodidatta – di cui molte persone dispongono.

A seconda dei casi e dei contesti punta inoltre a includere moduli di introduzione a determinati mestieri nella scuola dell’obbligo. A livello secondario sono invece utili servizi di orientamento professionale. La formazione professionale è chiamata a fare da ponte tra l’istruzione di base e il mondo del lavoro. Da questo punto di vista la DSC completa il suo intervento con attività di consolidamento del settore privato e di creazione di posti di lavoro.

Contesto

Nel 2017, 71 milioni di giovani nel mondo sono disoccupati. E sono quasi il doppio quelli che si trovano ad affrontare situazioni di povertà, molto spesso perché non dispongono né di una formazione né di una situazione lavorativa adeguate. Su scala planetaria solo l’11% dei giovani che si iscrivono a una scuola secondaria segue una formazione professionale.

L’esigenza di moltiplicare le offerte formative è legata alla possibilità di valorizzare le potenzialità dei giovani sul mercato del lavoro. La formazione professionale, come l’istruzione di base, è una delle condizioni essenziali dello sviluppo economico e sociale. È fondamentale che la formazione professionale poggi su una buona istruzione di base e che se necessario possa rafforzarla.

Ma una formazione professionale di qualità ha senso solo se gli individui formati trovano in seguito sbocchi professionali. Secondo la Banca Mondiale ogni anno dovrebbero essere creati 40 milioni di nuovi posti per assorbire i giovani sempre più numerosi che entrano nel mercato del lavoro, soprattutto nell’Africa subsahariana e nell’Asia del Sud.

La messa a disposizione di manodopera qualificata può stimolare la produttività e la competitività delle imprese e avere così un impatto positivo sulla crescita economica e la creazione di posti di lavoro. Dare prospettive ai più vulnerabili e rispondere alle aspirazioni dei giovani è indispensabile per evitare uno spreco di potenziale umano ed economico.

 

Testimonianze di beneficiari

Chi ha beneficiato di una formazione professionale racconta il proprio percorso.

Genere e formazione professionale

La DSC applica il principio del rispetto dell’uguaglianza tra donna e uomo nei propri progetti e si adopera affinché le donne possano accedere al mercato del lavoro.

Progetti attuali

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Public Investment in Energy Efficiency Phase 2 (PIE2)

01.12.2017 - 31.12.2021

PIE2 aims to increase effectiveness of Public Investment Management (PIM) and of Public Finance Management (PFM) replicating and upscaling the achievements of PIE1 in the two poorest districts of Ulaanbaatar city. Improved PIM and PFM capacities, practices, procedures and regulations will be applied to the thermoretrofitting of public buildings, i.e. 20 schools and kindergartens, aiming for demonstration effect for replication. The need to improve education facilities corresponds to a top priority for UB citizens.


Promoting Healthy Lifestyles and Gender Equitable Attitudes among Young Men and Women in Bosnia and Herzegovina

01.12.2017 - 30.11.2020

Attitudes and behaviors of the current generation of young people in BiH are still shaped by patriarchal values, which influence the lifestyles of boys and girls and their respective vulnerability to health risks. Young men are more inclined to engage in harmful and dangerous activities and are much more likely to use violence - against women and peers - than women. The proposed intervention will promote healthier lifestyles and challenge existing gender stereotypes by working with young men, as well as women, in schools and local communities.


Eritrea Vocational Skills Training

01.10.2017 - 31.12.2019

The Swiss Development Cooperation will implement in this pilot phase 2 projects in vocational skills training in Eritrea. One project is designed as a contribution to ongoing projects of Don Bosco, the other to a project of the “Schweizerisches Unterstützungskomitee für Eritrea. The objectives of the phase are: (i) enhancing the training of teachers and increasing numbers of students having access to trainings and (ii) building a relation of trust with the Eritrean authorities in order to open a broader policy dialogue between the two countries


UNited For Youth Employment in Cambodia

01.09.2017 - 31.12.2019

Youth in Cambodia, in particular new entrants to the labour market, face critical challenges in accessing decent and productive employment opportunities. They have limited access to relevant skills, quality education, entrepreneurship training, information about markets and labour rights. With SDC’s contribution, the UN joint programme will support young women and men to access to (self-) employment opportunities and decent jobs. 


Eritrea Vocational Skills Training

01.08.2017 - 31.07.2022

The Humanitarian Aid of SDC has operated a program office in Asmara up to 2006. Due to implementation difficulties, it was decided at that time to close the office. Eritrea came again into the attention of the Swiss Government in relation with the high number of Eritrean asylum seekers. Most of them are young men. Domestic politics called to address this issue and the Federal Council decided to enhance its investment in young Eritreans in order to improve their life perspectives in their home country. Eritrea is a low-income country ranking generally at the bottom end of international development lists, it is ruled by the Peoples’ front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ). The Government slogan of “self-reliance” is linked to the country’s impression of being left alone by the international community (sanction regime in relation to Somalia). Controversial discussions about the Eritrean track record in human rights have influenced the relations between Eritrea and other countries. The main point of concern is the National Service, an institution that manages most of the services provided to the Eritrean population. Its sphere of influence goes beyond the military domain. Eritrea is in a “no war, no peace” situation with the neighboring Ethiopia. Strategic partnerships exist between Eritrea and China (natural resources and infrastructure) and Saudi Arabia (air and war vessel base in Eritrea for the Yemen conflict). Many Eritreans flee the country because they see no real life perspectives. Remittances are extremely important for the survival of the Eritrean population. With its future involvement, SDC aims at making a contribution to improve life perspectives of young Eritreans by training teachers in the field of vocational skills training and by enhancing the access of students to qualified TVET-institutions. The context is quite unique and a step by step approach, starting with a pilot phase of two years is justified.


Progetto concluso

Livelihood and Food Security Trust Fund - LIFT

01.07.2017 - 31.12.2018

The Livelihood and Food Security Trust Fund for Myanmar (LIFT) managed by the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) receives contributions from 14 donors. LIFT plays an important role in coordinated donor support to agriculture and rural development. Up to now LIFT has reached 7.2 million people, 2.2 million people live in households with increased income and 326’000 households eat improved diets. With this additional Swiss support, successful LIFT projects will be scaled-up and led to sustainability by end 2018.


Formación técnica profesional

01.05.2017 - 30.06.2022

Vocational skills development is key for improving production and expanding opportunities for employment and self-employment. The project aims to reduce poverty and inequality by enhancing access to the labour market. It seeks to strengthen vocational skills and certify competences with an emphasis on young people and adults, promote the quality of training centres, and the shared responsibility of public/private stakeholders. Strategies cover both the national and the local level.


Skills for Employment Tanzania – SET

Babati, Tanzania

01.03.2017 - 30.06.2022

SET seeks to enhance youth (self) employment by improving the Vocational Skills Development (VSD) system. It will support public and private stakeholders to expand access to quality training that matches the demand from both the economy and youth, in particular women, including young mothers. Key elements from the Swiss VSD model will be emphasized: the coordination between skills providers and private sector, practical training and innovation.


Progetto concluso

Terre des Hommes Schweiz (TdH Schweiz)

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2018

Social participation of youth is an objective and at the same time a condition for sustainable development. Young people are often marginalized and lack economic and social perspectives. Youth unemployment worldwide has dramatically risen in the last years and youth, especially girls, are far more exposed to violence and HIV-Aids than adults. terre des hommes schweiz program empowers young people to identify and use opportunities of participation and to advocate within communities for their rights and interests.


Progetto concluso

Federal Government of Somalia and UN Joint Programme on Youth Employment

20.10.2016 - 31.12.2018

The youth employment programme for Somalia aims to create employment opportunities for youth between 15 and 24 years through vocational education, enterprise training, and the rehabilitation of infrastructure in high potential sectors of the economy. The programme is embedded in a state building and stabilization perspective and recognizes that Somali youth are essential for the recovery and growth of Somalia, but could also be a destabilizing force if ignored.


Vocational Skills Development in Macedonia

01.09.2016 - 28.02.2022

Macedonia has one of the highest unemployment rates in Europe (25%), especially among youth (48%). One of the key factors for youth unemployment is that the education and training system does not provide skills needed by the economy. The Vocational Skills Development project aims to address youth unemployment through supporting market relevant skills development by strengthening the engagement of the private sector (e.g. through systematised internships), thus increasing the employability of vocational training graduates.


Progetto concluso

Vocational Skills Development (VSD II)

01.03.2016 - 28.02.2019

The second phase of the project focuses on consolidating the results achieved thus far in the development of the short-term skills development and career guidance services. Moreover it will upgrade the schools’ capacities in provision of long-term vocational trainings in the selected most demanded occupations. Interventions in six Western aimags, Ulaanbaatar, Darkhan, South-Gobi and Choir will enhance the employability of around 180’000 young and adult women and men.  

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