Riduzione della povertà attraverso la prevenzione di conflitti e disastri

Due Bambini su un carro di cotone
La coltura del cotone è un settore importante e una delle catene di valore aggiunto essenziali per l’economia del Kirghizistan. © DSC

I conflitti, la violenza e le violazioni dei diritti umani sono tra le principali sfide in materia di lotta contro la povertà e la fragilità in senso lato. Le fragilità di uno Stato sono caratterizzate dall’incapacità del governo di garantire la sicurezza dei cittadini e di assicurare i servizi pubblici di base, oltre che dall’assenza di una relazione costruttiva tra governo e popolazione.

Più di 40 Paesi in tutto il mondo, per un totale di circa 1,5 miliardi di abitanti, presentano situazioni di fragilità o sono dilaniati da violenze e conflitti. Entro il 2030, oltre l’80% dei poveri del pianeta potrebbe trovarsi a vivere in contesti fragili se non si intraprendono sin da ora azioni più concertate.

La fragilità rappresenta un grave ostacolo alla realizzazione dell’Agenda 2030 per uno sviluppo sostenibile. Per lottare contro la fragilità è importante comprenderne tutte le sfaccettature ed elaborare approcci differenziati secondo i contesti tenendo conto dell’intero spettro delle problematiche, comprese quelle più delicate e sensibili.

Agire nei contesti fragili

La Svizzera intensifica il proprio impegno allo scopo di prevenire e gestire le conseguenze di crisi, catastrofi e fragilità. Il suo obiettivo è assegnare la metà dei propri aiuti bilaterali ai contesti caratterizzati da conflitti o fragilità.

Le attività della DSC nei contesti fragili

Le attività della Svizzera si iscrivono nell’ambito della promozione di società pacifiche, eque e inclusive. Il nostro Paese si impegna direttamente a favore del principio del «non lasciare indietro nessuno» (leave no one behind).

Caratteristiche dei contesti fragili

Gli Stati e le regioni fragili sono caratterizzati da istituzioni deboli, elevati livelli di povertà, violenza, corruzione e arbitrio. Le fragilità sono riscontrabili sia nel contesto dello sviluppo e della transizione sia in quello delle crisi umanitarie.

Promuovere società pacifiche e inclusive

Focus su SDG 16+ per promuovere società pacifiche, eque e inclusive per uno sviluppo sostenibile e per combattere i conflitti.

Prevenzione dei conflitti e di tutte le forme di violenza

La prevenzione dei conflitti violenti ha lo scopo di evitare eventuali nuovi conflitti e di impedire l’insorgere di nuovi focolai di violenza. Consiste non solo nell’impedire le crisi, ma anche nell’affrontarne le cause.

Documenti

Progetti attuali

Oggetto 25 – 36 di 306

Horn of Africa: Framework for Risk Governance and Adaptive Programming (FRAP)

15.09.2019 - 31.12.2024

The Horn of Africa is a hyper-fragile context with high security and fiduciary risks. This framework strengthens Switzerland’s fitness to operate remotely in hard-to-access contexts through a innovative monitoring and accountability tool. It supports capacity strengthening of local partners. The framework enables adaptive programming and effectiveness of the portfolio. It strengthens Somalia’s statistical system to improve data gathering and to monitor the implementation of the Agenda 2030.


Progetto concluso

Unterstützung des Weltentwicklungsprogramms (UNDP) zur Förderung der Krisenprävention und -bewältigung (2019 – 2021)

01.09.2019 - 31.12.2021

Laut einer Studie von UNO und Weltbank spart jeder Franken, der in Konfliktprävention investiert wird, mindestens 16 Franken an humanitärer Hilfe, Blauhelmsoldaten und wirtschaftlichen Kosten. Die Prävention und Bewältigung von Krisen mit den Mitteln der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit ist im Interesse der Schweiz. Die Unterstützung von vier Initiativen des Weltentwicklungsprogramms (UNDP) fördert gezielt Frieden und Sicherheit, Rechtstaatlichkeit und demokratische Institutionen. Die Schweiz beeinflusst dadurch auch die Gesamtausrichtung von UNDP.


Contribution à la stabilité et à la reconstruction en République Centrafricaine (RCA)

01.08.2019 - 31.12.2023

La RCA se caractérise par la fragilité de ses institutions et par la récurrence de ses crises politiques et humanitaires. La gouvernance et la santé constituent deux secteurs pour lesquels la Suisse dispose d’une valeur ajoutée et pour lesquels elle a décidé de s’engager en RCA par des actions complémentaires d’aide d’urgence et de développement à long terme. Cet engagement est cohérent avec ceux déjà existants dans les pays prioritaires de la coopération internationale en Afrique subsaharienne ; il participera à la stabilisation de la région, consolidera la paix et contribuera à des services de santé accessibles et de qualité en RCA.


Promoting Inclusive Peacebuilding and Sustainable Livelihoods through Youth Empowerment and Entrepreneurship.

01.08.2019 - 31.10.2022

South Sudan finds itself in lasting state of fragility and chronic conflict that has impacted the social fabric of its population. The project will address deeply rooted social aspects of conflict by training and supporting young peacemakers to engage in conflict resolution and community dialogues. Combined with the promotion of youth-led businesses, the project intends to reduce the risk of the youth entering cycles of despairs and violence. Thereby, it contribute to sustainable development and a longer-term stability in South Sudan.


DEAR Foundation contribution Madaa

15.07.2019 - 31.12.2021

Switzerland, through Dear Foundation active in the oPt, will contribute to the provision of educational, cultural and psychosocial services for children, women and youth in the most sensitive neighbourhoods of East Jerusalem. A particular focus is given on reducing vulnerability and creating opportunities for jobs and income generation. Enhancing protection framework and strengthening the resilience of Palestinian communities in East Jerusalem are in line with Swiss Cooperation Strategy for the oPt (2015-2019).


Contribution à l’organisation internationale de la Francophonie OIF

01.07.2019 - 31.12.2022

Conjuguant une double mission de diplomatie politique et de coopération, l’OIF donne corps à une solidarité et à une coopération actives entre les 84 États qui la composent. En soutenant la mise en œuvre du programme de l’OIF, la Suisse contribue au renforcement de la gouvernance démocratique, à la prévention des conflits, à l’accès à une éducation de qualité et à une croissance durable et inclusive en Afrique de l’Ouest, en particulier pour les femmes et les jeunes.


Support to Dealing with the past roadmap implementation in Nepal

01.06.2019 - 31.03.2025


The program aims to support a new inclusive and equitable mechanism of dealing with the past with the purpose to address the root causes of the conflict which remains an uncompleted process in Nepal. The implementation of a comprehensive national roadmap will guaranty to be victim-centred and a government-driven process. This program provides a solid basis for strengthening an inclusive federal state


Progetto concluso

HI: ACTIVA – Integrated mine action in Cauca and Nariño

15.05.2019 - 31.08.2021

SDC will support Humanity & Inclusion (HI) in contributing to peace, early recovery and socioeconomic development of indigenous, peasant and afro-descendant communities in the departments of Cauca and Nariño, under the Government Stabilization Policy. The focus of the third phase will be on a comprehensive approach (mine risk education, humanitarian demining, victim rehabilitation and advocacy) that involves recovery of community economies and infrastructure. It will bring a broader impact and better cost-efficiency relationship.


Youth Engagement in Democratic Governance and Socio-economic Development in Africa

15.04.2019 - 30.04.2022

Africa has the youngest population globally. While this is an unparalleled opportunity for growth and innovation, it may also fuel instability and violence. Young people in Africa need more capacities to use their potential as drivers of peaceful changes. With African and COMESA, SDC seeks to contribute to current continental, regional and national efforts to create an enabling environment for youth engagement in democratic processes , in line with the CH interest of contributing to the prevention of violent extremisms and supporting economic partnerships in Africa


Colombia, UNDP: UN Multi-Partner Trust Fund for Peacebuilding (MPTF)

01.04.2019 - 31.12.2023

Launched in 2016 within the “Colombia in Peace” framework, the first phase of the Multi-Partner Trust Fund (MPTF) of the United Nations for Post-Conflict for Colombia aimed to support national stabilization efforts as well as early preparation and implementation of the peace agreements. In 2019, nine donors (Norway, UK, Germany, Canada, Sweden, Ireland, Chile, Korea and Switzerland) and the UN Peacebuilding Fund have agreed to support the second phase of the Fund, focusing on strengthening the stabilization of the territories and contributing to the achievement of sustainable peace results.  


Provincial and Local Governance Support Program (PLGSP)

01.04.2019 - 15.07.2023

Nepal’s new federal constitution addresses the long-standing root causes of conflict related to poverty, gender inequality and social exclusion. The Provincial and Local Governance Support Program is the government’s nationwide framework capacity building initiative to enable the newly elected provincial and local governments to assume their constitutional rights and duties. Switzerland led the planning for the development partners, The program will strengthen subnational institutions and service delivery, and contribute to peace and stability.


International Humanitarian Law, Security Sector Governance and Leadership in Transition

15.03.2019 - 31.12.2019

The project aims to increase the capacities of middle-ranked officers of the Myanmar Defence Forces to (1) drive forward reforms which improve the adherence of the Myanmar Defence Forces to Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law, (2) to improve protection of civilians in armed conflict and (3) to support reforms towards democratic control of armed forces.

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