Mine Clearance


In the past 30 years, Cambodia has cleared over 1,900 km2 of minefields, benefiting approx. 5.6 million people. However, an area of approx.860 km2 is still heavily contaminated. Cambodia aims to be a mine-free country by 2025. The main goal of the Swiss contribution is the clearance of 12.2 km2 of mined areas spread in a long strip of land in northwestern Cambodia that will provide safe access to land and livelihood development directly to 25,000 rural households. 

Paese/Regione Tema Periodo Budget
Cambogia
Agricoltura e sicurezza alimentare
Altro
Conflitto & fragilitá

Terreni agricoli
Sector not specified
Rimozione di mine antipersona
01.01.2020 - 31.12.2022
CHF  3’530’000
Contesto

As a result of past internal and regional conflicts, Cambodia is still one of the most mine-affected countries in the world, which poses serious adverse socio-economic impacts on rural communities including human loss and disabilities as well as restrictions on access to agricultural land, forests, and water resources. Poor people and women are particularly affected.

In the past 30 years, Cambodia has cleared over 1’900 km2 of minefields, benefiting approx. 5.6 million people (♀:50%) and improving livelihoods of thousands of rural people. However, an area of approx.1’800 km2 is still contaminated, including 860 km2 of minefields. Annual casualty numbers decreased from 2’070 in 1993 to under 60 in 2018. In the first half of 2019 landmine and unexploded ordnances (UXO) accidents have increased due to progressive land use of previously uncultivated land along the Cambodian-Thai border, the so-called K5 mine belt, which has the highest number of minefields.

The government launched the National Mine Action Strategy (NMAS) 2018-25 and announced its own local SDG 18 on mine action with the goal to make Cambodia a mine-free country by 2025. The government estimates that USD 406 million are required to complete the task.

Obiettivi

Impact: Improved livelihood opportunities for men and women, enabling wider economic development and casualty reduction in vulnerable rural communities in Cambodia (K5 mine belt).

Outcome: 25,000 vulnerable rural households in north-western Cambodia are able to safely use released land and are at less risk of accidents. 

Gruppi target Primary beneficiaries are vulnerable rural families (approx. 25’000 households) living in heavily contaminated areas in the most mine-affected areas of the K5 mine belt (21 north and north-western districts).
Effetti a medio termine

1.    To make safe land available for agriculture and infrastructure development in poor rural communities, in particular border communities expanding through internal migration;

2.    To reduce casualties by provision of Risk Education and removing mines and other Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) where they pose the greatest threat;

3.    To support participatory planning and prioritization of mine clearance activities to ensure effective mine clearance and post-clearance land use.

Risultati

Risultati principali attesi:  

-    Clearance of 7.20 km2 of high priority minefields in the K5 mine belt at the Cambodian-Thai border;

-    Clearance of 5 km2 of hazardous ERW contaminated land through non-technical surveys;

-    2,500 mine risk education (MRE) sessions;

-    1-2 trainings/year for national database management of CMAA .


Risultati fasi precedenti:  

Key results include: Clearing of 120 km2 of minefields, benefitting over 1 million people; Launch of the National Mine Action Strategy (NMAS) 2018-2025; Capacity building and implementation of the National Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA) by GICHD; Hosting of International Youth Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance of ASEAN countries in Phnom Penh.

Lessons learnt on high overheads: The UNDP project implementation generates high operational costs and non-negotiable overhead rates in line with the UN general management service agreement (GMS). As donors’ focus in the coming years until 2025 is shifting towards direct funding of mine clearance operators to support Cambodia’s local SDG 18 on mine action, the high costs of UNDP’s mine clearance unit are hardly justifiable. After assessing funding options for Switzerland’s future engagement in the mine action sector 2020-25 and in line with a strengthened WOGA approach, SCO Phnom Penh will focus on the direct financing of mine action operators together with other donors while the Human Security Division will support capacity building to CMAA and ARMAC through its core contribution to GICHD.


Direzione/Ufficio responsabile DSC
Credito Cooperazione allo sviluppo
Partner del progetto Partner contrattuale
ONG internazionale o straniera
  • Other international or foreign NGO North


Altri partner
Contribution to HALO Trust Cambodia
Coordinamento con altri progetti e attori CMAA, GICHD, ARMAC,UNDP and Donors ,Mine Action Planning Unit, National and International Demining Operators: CMAC, MAG, NPA
Budget Fase in corso Budget Svizzera CHF    3’530’000 Budget svizzero attualmente già speso CHF    3’329’478
Fasi del progetto Fase 2 01.01.2020 - 31.12.2022   (Fase in corso) Fase 1 01.11.2016 - 31.12.2019   (Completed)