Intensificare gli sforzi internazionali per una gestione sostenibile dell’acqua

Rapporto dal titolo «Una questione di sopravvivenza» collocato su un tavolo.
Presentazione del rapporto conclusivo del Panel mondiale di alto livello sull’acqua e la pace a Ginevra. © Presenza Svizzera DFAE

La DSC si impegna affinché l’obiettivo riguardante le risorse idriche dell’Agenda 2030 per uno sviluppo sostenibile sia attuato rapidamente e venga dato maggior peso al tema dell’acqua nel dibattito internazionale. Sulla base delle proprie esperienze, la Svizzera è fermamente convinta che la gestione sostenibile delle risorse idriche sia indispensabile per lo sviluppo sociale, economico ed ecologico e per il mantenimento della pace mondiale.

Obiettivi principali della DSC

Gli sforzi a livello internazionale si sono già tradotti in miglioramenti sostanziali, in particolare per quanto concerne l’accesso all’acqua potabile e ai servizi igienico-sanitari. I risultati non possono però ancora dirsi soddisfacenti. Tuttora 844 milioni di persone non dispongono di un accesso sicuro all’acqua pulita. Inoltre, un terzo della popolazione mondiale non dispone di servizi igienici adeguati.

La DSC si impegna a rafforzare l’attuazione dell’obiettivo riguardante le risorse idriche dell’Agenda 2030 per uno sviluppo sostenibile. Insieme a un gruppo di paesi, sostiene il dialogo politico a livello globale nell’intento di esigere il rispetto degli impegni internazionali e lanciare attività mirate per il raggiungimento dell’obiettivo. Grazie alla sua esperienza di lungo corso nella gestione dell’acqua, la Svizzera fornisce un notevole contributo nell’ottica dell’individuazione di soluzioni transfrontaliere integrate. La DSC dà inoltre voce ai giovani, quali potenziali futuri specialisti delle risorse idriche, nel dibattito politico a livello regionale e globale.

La gestione dell’acqua è un tema particolarmente complesso che riguarda la comunità internazionale. La Svizzera vanta una vasta esperienza in questo campo. Grazie al Reno e al Rodano, i grandi fiumi europei che la attraversano, e ai laghi che segnano alcune delle sue frontiere, la Svizzera ha un’esperienza di lunga data nella gestione transfrontaliera delle acque e può quindi offrire un prezioso contributo nella ricerca di soluzioni per altre regioni del mondo.

Contesto

L’acqua: un obiettivo a pieno titolo dell’Agenda 2030 per uno sviluppo sostenibile

Sotto la guida della DSC, la Svizzera si è impegnata con successo in una coalizione di Paesi affinché l’acqua diventasse un obiettivo idrico indipendente nell’Agenda 2030 per uno sviluppo sostenibile. L’obiettivo 6, oltre all’accesso all’acqua potabile e ai servizi igienico-sanitari, comprende ulteriori sotto-obiettivi per la protezione e la riabilitazione di ecosistemi legati all’acqua. Prevede inoltre di incentivare la cooperazione transfrontaliera al fine di pervenire a una gestione integrata delle risorse idriche che coinvolge tutti gli utilizzatori a tutti i livelli.

L’acqua e lo sviluppo umano

Garantendo un approvvigionamento di acqua potabile e un accesso a servizi igienico-sanitari adeguati, la salute della popolazione migliora, le spese mediche si riducono e il tasso di assenteismo scolastico cala poiché i bambini sono più sani. Punti di approvvigionamento idrico situati in prossimità delle abitazioni permettono di guadagnare tempo prezioso impiegato per il trasporto dell’acqua, incombenza che generalmente spetta alle donne e ai bambini.

L’acqua è inoltre essenziale per assicurare i mezzi di sussistenza nelle zone rurali, per produrre cibo ed energia e per lo sviluppo dei settori dell’industria e dei servizi.

La scarsità d’acqua provoca, viceversa, tensioni o addirittura conflitti. Sono 153 gli Stati che condividono fiumi, riserve idriche sotterranee o laghi con uno o più Paesi limitrofi. Le rivalità riguardo alle risorse hanno quindi ripercussioni dirette sulla pace e sulla sicurezza. Una gestione comune e pacifica favorisce invece la pace e la stabilità.

Documenti

Progetti attuali

Oggetto 1 – 12 di 98

Sustainable Natural Resources Management (NRM) for Enhanced Pastoralist Food Security in the Borana Zone, Ethiopia.

01.01.2022 - 31.12.2027

Natural resources, particularly water and pasture, are among the key determinants of pastoralist livelihoods’ sustainability. The proposed Project contributes to the outcomes of the SDC’s Food Security Domain as stipulated in the Swiss Cooperation Strategy Horn of Africa. It aims at improving pastoralist food security and adaptive capacities in the lowlands of Borana Zone, Southern Ethiopia, through enhancing the sustainable management of natural resources.


Territorial water governance in the Gulf of Fonseca Region - phase II

01.04.2021 - 30.06.2024

The Program facilitates the empowerment of the Watershed Councils of the Nacaome, Choluteca and Sampile rivers in the Gulf of Fonseca Region in terms of their leadership and sustainable and participatory management of the water governance system. This contributes to collaborative processes and investments in the frame of the formulation and implementation of watershed plans, indirectly benefiting 500,000 inhabitants.


Resilience for Pastoralist Communities in Northern Kenya

01.03.2021 - 31.07.2025

Pastoralism is a millennia old livelihood strategy adapted to the marginal and harsh environ-ments of Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL). In order to support pastoralists, this programme contributes to strengthening public and private institutions in the water and livestock sectors, putting policy frameworks in place to ensure efficient county-wide and cross-border water and rangeland management systems, and to increase access to water and pasture.


Water and Integral Sanitation Project in Rural Areas (ASIR – SABA), Phase III

01.06.2020 - 31.07.2022

The ASIR-SABA Project aims to contribute to the sustainable management and governance of water and sanitation, as well as public health, as a contribution to the consolidation of peace in rural areas of the country. To achieve its objective, the project promotes dialogue between the different actors of the WASH sector in Colombia. It also aims to strengthen the capacities at the community and institutional level (national, departmental and municipal) for the co-management of water and sanitation in rural areas of the country.

Based on the achievements capitalized by the project in its first and second phases and the challenges and opportunities identified with the different governmental actors of the WASH sector in Colombia, the SDC implements the third and final phase of the ASIR-SABA project.


Contribution to IFRC Emergency Appeal: Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak

31.01.2020 - 31.12.2020

As of 06. February 2020 a total of 28’292 infections and 565 deaths have been reported with the majority of the cases occurring in China.

The preliminary Emergency Appeal from the IFRC is seeking Swiss Francs 3 Million to support Red Cross Red Crescent Societies globally, to contribute to stopping transmission of the virus, and helping to ensure the health and dignity of communities affected by the outbreak. IFRC will work closely with National Societies in countries where transmission has taken place, and on preparedness measures for all countries. The main area of focus for this response is Health and WASH, which will include risk communication and community engagement, psychosocial support, capacity building of NS on epidemic response and support. Other areas of focus are protection, gender and inclusion and migration. While at the moment the response is largely in the Asia Pacific region, the IFRC is supporting National Societies in at risk countries with preparedness activities. The IFRC at global, country and regional level is coordinating with other agencies including WHO, UNICEF and CDC in information sharing and guidance.


Solar Irrigation for Agriculture Resilience (SoLAR)

01.01.2020 - 31.07.2027

To adapt to climate change farmers rely increasingly on irrigation, ultimately depleting groundwater resources and raising energy demand. The project aims to address these challenges by promoting solar irrigation, water efficient agriculture and groundwater governance. The project will harness Swiss expertise on hydrogeology and technical innovations to contribute to climate resilient agriculture and facilitate knowledge sharing in South Asia and at the global level.


Strengthening Drought Resilience in Pastoral and Agro-pastoral Areas of Somali National Regional State, Ethiopia (SDR - SNRS)

01.01.2020 - 30.04.2022

Pastoral and agro-pastoral livelihoods in Ethiopia's Somali National Regional State (SNRS) are increasingly threatened by environmental (climatic) changes and land degradation. GIZ along with Local Government partners aims at building the resilience of vulnerable pastoralist communities through proven land rehabilitation measures, the promotion of livelihood activities and capacity development of government and private sector institutions.


Philippines: Typhoon Phanfone - Contribution to IFRC Emergency Appeal

28.12.2019 - 31.12.2020

This Emergency Appeal seeks 2 million Swiss francs (CHF) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Philippine Red Cross (PRC) to deliver assistance for 12 months and support to 20,000 people affected by Typhoon (TY) Phanfone/Ursula. The appeal focuses on the following sectors: shelter; livelihoods and basic needs; health; WASH; protection; gender and inclusion (PGI); migration; community disaster preparedness and risk reduction; and National Society capacity enhancement. Therein, SDC favours humanitarian assistance to Shelter and WASH sectors.


IDB Migration Initiative (Clean drinking water and sanitation program for la Guajira)

01.10.2019 - 30.09.2022

Switzerland supports to the newly created Migration Initiative of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) that was created in support of Latin American and Caribbean migrants and their host communities and accordingly contributes to deter grave development crisis by empowering communities to foster integration and consequently to strengthen stability of the region and Colombia in particular.


Capacity Building for Low Carbon and Climate Resilient City Development in India (CapaCITIES)

16.07.2019 - 15.07.2023

India is rapidly urbanizing. The growing Indian cities are affected by climate change but are also important emitters of greenhouse gases. Phase 2 of CapaCITIES aims at enabling climate responsive urban planning in eight cities and two states. Swiss expertise in waste management, transport, water and climate finance will support development of solutions for low-carbon and climate resilient cities. The results of the project in India will be shared through global reporting mechanisms and city coalitions.


Municipal environmental management

01.04.2019 - 31.03.2023

Based on its significant expertise in the field of sustainable waste and wastewater management Switzerland supports Bolivia in addressing its environmental challenges by consolidating models of sustainable management of wastewater treatment services and solid waste management for small and intermediate cities. In coordination with the Ministry of Environment and Water, it contributes to the implementation of public policies reinforcing the quality and efficiency of environmental services, involving local populations and institutions. This will reduce harmful effects on the health of the population.


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