L’acqua: una risorsa vitale minacciata

©DSC

La pressione sulle risorse idriche sta aumentando a livello mondiale: il fabbisogno aumenta in modo vertiginoso, ma la disponibilità è limitata. Tutelare questa risorsa vitale e assicurarne una ripartizione equa e favorevole allo sviluppo rappresenta una delle sfide del nostro secolo. In quanto castello idrico d’Europa, la Svizzera dispone di competenze riconosciute nella gestione sostenibile dell’acqua e gode quindi di grande credibilità nella cooperazione internazionale.

La crescita demografica, l’urbanizzazione, i cambiamenti climatici, l’inquinamento, le nuove utilizzazioni del suolo e la crescita economica hanno un impatto diretto sulle risorse idriche. Nel 2025 due terzi degli esseri umani saranno confrontati con la siccità. Ripartire l’acqua nel pieno rispetto dell’uguaglianza sociale, dell’efficienza economica e della sostenibilità ambientale è un punto cruciale dello sviluppo. La DSC è attiva nel settore idrico da oltre 30 anni e il suo operato tocca molteplici aspetti: questioni sociali, ambiente, economia, governance, promozione dell’innovazione e della tecnologia, trasferimento delle conoscenze e dialogo politico nonché l’approccio «acqua e pace» (Blue Peace).

Gestione sostenibile

La DSC promuove un utilizzo efficiente dell’acqua nell’economia e una collaborazione pacifica tra Paesi nei bacini imbriferi transfrontalieri

Priorità internazionale

La DSC si impegna affinché l’obiettivo riguardante le risorse idriche dell’Agenda 2030 per uno sviluppo sostenibile sia attuato rapidamente e venga dato maggior peso al tema della gestione sostenibile dell’acqua nel dibattito internazionale

Accesso all’acqua per tutti

La DSC realizza progetti concreti e partecipa al dibattito politico per attuare i diritti umani in materia di acqua e servizi igienico-sanitari

Blue Peace: l’acqua come strumento per la pace

La Svizzera reagisce al crescente fabbisogno idrico mondiale tramite la «Swiss Toolbox» per la Blue Peace, le linee d’azione sul tema dell’acqua e della sicurezza

Acqua in crisi

La protezione delle risorse idriche rappresenta oggi una delle maggiori sfide: il fabbisogno aumenta, l’acqua disponibile no. La Svizzera si adopera per migliorare l’accesso all’acqua potabile e agli impianti igienico-sanitari e per favorire un’equa ripartizione delle risorse idriche.

Sito specializzato della DSC sul tema dell’acqua

Informazioni tecniche (notizie, documenti, strumenti, metodi) sullo scambio di conoscenze e sulla collaborazione con partner ed esperti.

www.sdc-water.ch

Progetti attuali

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Sanitation Solutions for Underserved Communities in Jordan

01.07.2017 - 30.11.2021

The amount of water available from conventional sources in Jordan is decreasing dangerously, the population is increasing constantly and additional sources are needed urgently. By using treated wastewater as an alternative resource Jordan could reduce its dependence on fresh water. Proven Swiss expertise in the sanitation sector aims at increasing the efficiency of wastewater treatment systems and on turning wastewater streams into physical and financial resources. This will not only provide additional water but also reduce health risks and protect groundwater.


World Water Forum 2018

01.06.2017 - 30.06.2018

Les Forums Mondiaux de l’Eau (organisés tous les 3 ans depuis 1997) sont les principaux événements internationaux sur la question de l'eau en offrant aux politiques et aux décideurs concernés le seul espace international de débat et de contributions d'experts. La Suisse est reconnue comme incontournable dans ces forums et jouera un rôle de premier plan en portant des solutions concrètes et en influençant le dialogue politique global notamment sur la question de la nouvelle architecture de l’eau au sein des Nations Unies.



Nutrition Emergency Assistance to the Drought Affected Pastoralist Communities in Doolo Zone of Somali National Regional State, VSF-CH, Ethiopia

15.05.2017 - 14.08.2018

The failure of two consecutive rain seasons is having devastating effects on the mostly pastoralist population of Ethiopia’s southern arid and semi-arid areas. The number of people in need is dramatically increasing, with the drought affecting multiple aspects of human life. The Doolo Zone, where pastoralism is the main livelihood, is one of the most severely affected. By supporting VSF-CH, Switzerland will contribute to improve the nutritional status of the affected population.


Health Promotion Cabo Delgado

01.04.2017 - 31.12.2020

Switzerland contributed to health promotion in Cabo Delgado Province in Northern Mozambique by supporting the retention of health promotion workers, strengthening community involvement and the public finance management. Phase 2 of the project builds up on this and newly address Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in order to improve access and quality in the provision of health and WASH services targeting the 23 rural health posts in  three districts of the Province that are serving a total population of 570’000 people.


Soutien au Panel Global de Haut Niveau pour l’Eau et la Paix

01.04.2017 - 31.03.2020

Le Panel Global de Haut Niveau pour l’Eau et la Paix, initiative fer de lance initié par la Suisse ainsi que 14 pays co-parrains, a été lancée avec succès le 15 novembre 2016 dans le cadre du projet Blue Peace Global. L’objectif de cette phase est d’assurer la bonne continuation des travaux du Panel, soutenu par le GWH (7F-08448.02) et le Strategic Foresight Group, ainsi que d’assure par la suite la promotion de leurs recommandations au plus haut niveau politique.


Global Blue Peace: Le Pôle Eau de Genève pour l’eau, la paix et la sécurité

01.04.2017 - 31.03.2020

Le Pôle Eau de Genève – Geneva Water Hub (GWH) regroupe les capacités centrales pour l’hydrodiplomatie au sein de la Genève internationale. En s’appuyant sur ses trois composantes (savoir & éducation, think tank, réseau), le GWH agit comme Secrétariat du Panel Global de Haut Niveau pour l’Eau et la Paix (7F-09770.01) et de son groupe d’amis. L’objectif de cette seconde phase est de poursuivre les réalisations du GWH pour l’hydrodiplomatie ainsi que de procéder à son institutionnalisation.


ApS: Territory as a space for peace: governance, education for peace and access to basic services and livelihoods as key elements for development and post-conflict in the Pacific Region

01.04.2017 - 31.12.2019

SDC will support ApS in improving living conditions of rural and ethnic communities in the Pacific Region affected by the armed conflict and natural events with a rights-based approach. The focus of this phase will be on an exit strategy that links humanitarian aid, rehabilitation and development in four departments that were under the influence of the FARC. It will contribute to peacebuilding efforts in Colombia while addressing humanitarian needs in zones where armed violence has increased and state responses have been weak.


Priority themes WASH and Protection 2017

15.03.2017 - 31.12.2019

In the frame of the dispatch 2017-2020, 4 priority themes have been defined for the SDC/HA domain, namely DRR, SGBV, WASH and Protection, the two latter ones being hosted by the Africa H division. This CP will fund several activities implemented for the whole SDC/HA domain in order to increase the impact and coherence of priority themes such as defined in the operational concepts adopted by the HA domain in 2016.


Protection of children and youth affected by armed violence and/or natural disasters, in the municipalities of Tierralta and Puerto Libertador (Córdoba)

15.02.2017 - 14.02.2020

The history of Colombia has been strongly affected by the omnipresence of armed conflict and violence. Even with the implementation of the peace agreement with the FARC, armed violence is expected to persist due to the presence of other non-state armed actors, especially in peripheral regions and poor urban areas. Several regions will remain affected by violence and human rights violations (i.e. social control by armed groups, limitation on mobility and access, use and recruitment of minors, sexual gender-based violence, threats, extortions), which requires protection and preventive actions for the affected populations. In addition, in rural and urban areas of Córdoba, the access to safe water and sanitation services is limited due to absence of state actors, which increase the vulnerability of the population.


WASH Programme

01.02.2017 - 31.12.2020

The intervention focuses on the basic humanitarian need of access to WASH services through raising hygiene awareness, construction of WASH facilities and capacity building in rural areas. Providing sustainable access to WASH services shall improve the health of 40'000 beneficiairies through access to robust infrastructure, safe sanitation and protection of water sources that will also reduce exposure of rural communities to natural hazards.

 

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