L’acqua: una risorsa vitale minacciata

©DSC

La pressione sulle risorse idriche sta aumentando a livello mondiale: il fabbisogno aumenta in modo vertiginoso, ma la disponibilità è limitata. Tutelare questa risorsa vitale e assicurarne una ripartizione equa e favorevole allo sviluppo rappresenta una delle sfide del nostro secolo. In quanto castello idrico d’Europa, la Svizzera dispone di competenze riconosciute nella gestione sostenibile dell’acqua e gode quindi di grande credibilità nella cooperazione internazionale.

La crescita demografica, l’urbanizzazione, i cambiamenti climatici, l’inquinamento, le nuove utilizzazioni del suolo e la crescita economica hanno un impatto diretto sulle risorse idriche. Nel 2025 due terzi degli esseri umani saranno confrontati con la siccità. Ripartire l’acqua nel pieno rispetto dell’uguaglianza sociale, dell’efficienza economica e della sostenibilità ambientale è un punto cruciale dello sviluppo. La DSC è attiva nel settore idrico da oltre 30 anni e il suo operato tocca molteplici aspetti: questioni sociali, ambiente, economia, governance, promozione dell’innovazione e della tecnologia, trasferimento delle conoscenze e dialogo politico nonché l’approccio «acqua e pace» (Blue Peace).

Gestione sostenibile

La DSC promuove un utilizzo efficiente dell’acqua nell’economia e una collaborazione pacifica tra Paesi nei bacini imbriferi transfrontalieri

Priorità internazionale

La DSC si impegna affinché l’obiettivo riguardante le risorse idriche dell’Agenda 2030 per uno sviluppo sostenibile sia attuato rapidamente e venga dato maggior peso al tema della gestione sostenibile dell’acqua nel dibattito internazionale

Accesso all’acqua per tutti

La DSC realizza progetti concreti e partecipa al dibattito politico per attuare i diritti umani in materia di acqua e servizi igienico-sanitari

Blue Peace: l’acqua come strumento per la pace

La Svizzera reagisce al crescente fabbisogno idrico mondiale tramite la «Swiss Toolbox» per la Blue Peace, le linee d’azione sul tema dell’acqua e della sicurezza

Acqua in crisi

La protezione delle risorse idriche rappresenta oggi una delle maggiori sfide: il fabbisogno aumenta, l’acqua disponibile no. La Svizzera si adopera per migliorare l’accesso all’acqua potabile e agli impianti igienico-sanitari e per favorire un’equa ripartizione delle risorse idriche.

Sito specializzato della DSC sul tema dell’acqua

Informazioni tecniche (notizie, documenti, strumenti, metodi) sullo scambio di conoscenze e sulla collaborazione con partner ed esperti.

www.sdc-water.ch

Progetti attuali

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Gaza Vulnerable Communities Development- GVCD (Phase 1)

01.10.2017 - 31.12.2020

In the first phase of this project, SDC will support selected Municipalities in the Gaza Strip to improve the delivery of services through the Municipal Development and Lending Fund (MDLF): small-scale infrastructure projects targeting vulnerable communities and capacity development activities to enhance the participation of these communities in local decision-making processes will be implemented. This project is aligned with Palestine National Policy Agenda (2017-2022), and Swiss Cooperation Strategy for the oPt (2015-2018).


Partenariat scientifique entre 2iE Ouagadougou et institutions universitaires suisses

01.10.2017 - 30.09.2020

La maitrise de l’eau et l’accès à des sources d’énergie durables sont des facteurs nécessaires pour créer les conditions d’un développement humain durable en Afrique. Pour y parvenir la formation de cadres compétents et le développement de technologies et d’approches innovantes sont indispensables. Le partenariat avec 2IE y a contribué durant les années écoulées et les résultats atteints feront l’objet d’une capitalisation au cours de cette phase de désengagement qui est la dernière phase de ce partenariat.


Global Water Security and Sanitation Partnership to achieve a water-secure world for all

01.09.2017 - 31.12.2030

The Global Water Security and Sanitation Partnership (GWSP) of the World Bank Water Global Practice is a global partnership with the objective to address the water and sanitation challenge in an integrated manner, as set out by the Global Sustainable Development Goal 6. This SDC support will promote innovative global knowledge production and exchange, dialogue and partnerships, as well as country-level support across regions at global scale.


IRQ Oxfam – Integrated WASH and Protection response to conflict affected communities in Diyala governorate

01.09.2017 - 31.12.2019

A majority of people living in rural northern Diyala do not have access to potable water which results in communities utilizing unsafe sources like rivers and irrigation channels. The lack of solid waste management systems further aggravates the poor health conditions within this area. This project aims at reducing water and sanitation related risks and increasing access to clean water for IDPs, returnees and host communities living in the districts of Kifri and Khanaqin. It also helps particularly vulnerable families access protection services.


Sierra Leone Landslide: Contribution to IFRC Emergency Appeal

23.08.2017 - 24.08.2018

On the night of 13 August 2017, the city of Freetown in Sierra Leone and its outskirts experienced torrential rains and landslides. At least 400 people were killed following the collapse of a hillside. 600 people are still missing and 3’000 were displaced. Through this contribution, Switzerland will assist 9’600 victims and affected people in Freetown with emergency and recovery services to improve the condition of shelter, water sanitation and hygiene as well as health care.



Mercy Corps: Rapid responses to movements of populations through cash based programming

01.08.2017 - 08.06.2018

Eastern DRC has faced a crisis for over twenty years and humanitarian needs remain acute. A combination of persistent armed conflict, forced and prolonged displacements, epidemics poor governance and poor service delivery have fostered high vulnerability within the population. Providing multi-sectoral assistance will helpp address the diversity of needs in communities in crisis, especially those of displaced people. SDC's contribution to Mercy Corps (MC) is specifically earmarked to provide assistance through unconditional, multi-purpose cash transfers. 


Support to Decentralization in Ukraine (DESPRO)

01.07.2017 - 31.12.2021

Switzerland’s continued support to decentralization and local governance reform in Ukraine builds upon the good results achieved in previous phases. By strengthening capacities of the key national reform stakeholders and improving national policies, SDC will contribute to further advancing the reform. Local governments will be capacitated to effectively use newly transferred competences and resources to provide quality public services (in particular water supply & sanitation and solid waste management) to citizens.


LEB – Improved Water Resources Monitoring and Integrated Water Resources Management in the North of Lebanon

01.07.2017 - 30.11.2020

For over five years now, the Syria crisis is continuing to affect middle-income neighbouring countries. As a result, Lebanon hosts the highest number of refugees per capita in the world. The weak governance of the Government has been worsened with the burden of the refugees from Syria and Palestine who use the same overstretched infrastructure and public services. The project aims at enabling the water authorities to better manage the water sector for the benefit of the vulnerable communities in the North of the country.


Potable Water Management Programme (PWMP) in Upper Egypt

01.07.2017 - 31.12.2027

Egypt is a water scarce country and has enormous needs in better managing water resources and reducing water losses as well as water consumption, as a prerequisite for inclusive economic development. This programme contributes to improved potable water management and service provision in the targeted affiliated Water & Wastewater Companies (WWCs) and to providing equal access to a reliable potable water supply system to deprived and informal areas in the economically disadvantaged governorates of Upper Egypt.


JOR Sanitation Solutions for Underserved Communities in Jordan

01.07.2017 - 30.06.2027

In Jordan water supply from conventional water sources has come to its limits. Appropriate sanitation solutions will minimize the risks for public health and reduce the hazards of environmental pollution. Additionally these will cut the costs for sanitation operations and free resources for other purposes. Thus the project will contribute to the much needed decoupling of population and economic growth from resource consumption and pollution of the environment.


Potable Water Management Programme (PWMP) in Upper Egypt – Phase 1

01.07.2017 - 31.12.2021

Egypt is a water scarce country and has critical needs in better managing water resources and reducing water losses as well as water consumption. Switzerland can share its know-how in the water sector. This programme contributes to equitable access to safely managed water to deprived and informal settlement areas in the economically disadvantaged governorate of Aswan in Upper Egypt and to improved potable water management and service provision in Aswan Water & Sanitation Company (AWSC).

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