Nord Africa (Tunisia, Libia, Marocco, Egitto, Algeria)

Gli sconvolgimenti politici del 2011 hanno messo in moto un lungo processo di transizione in Nord Africa, dall’esito incerto. La Svizzera si impegna per una regione più inclusiva, prospera e pacifica. Nell’ambito della Strategia di cooperazione internazionale 2021–2024 della Svizzera, la Tunisia e l’Egitto sono i due Paesi prioritari per la DSC. 

© DFAE

Il Nord Africa è composto da Paesi con profili molto diversi che, per la loro importanza geopolitica e la loro prossimità con l’Europa, sono partner significativi per la Svizzera. Tutti questi Paesi devono affrontare le stesse difficoltà e situazioni di fragilità: disoccupazione elevata, in particolare tra i giovani e le donne, corruzione, discriminazioni di genere, disparità regionali ed esclusione politica, economica e sociale. La sicurezza precaria, la stagnazione economica e i forti flussi migratori completano il quadro.

L’impegno della Svizzera

La Svizzera concentra la sua azione su tre priorità tematiche: buongoverno e diritti umani, sviluppo economico sostenibile e inclusivo, migrazione e protezione. In Egitto e in Tunisia la Svizzera è attiva in tutti e tre i settori. Fornisce aiuto umanitario in Algeria e Libia e, in quest’ultima, opera anche nel campo della promozione della pace.

Buongoverno e diritti umani

La Svizzera si impegna attivamente per un buongoverno partecipativo, efficace, trasparente e reattivo, per lo Stato di diritto e per la promozione e ill rispetto dei diritti umani, compresi i diritti delle donne e dei migranti. In Tunisia il nuovo programma mira a consolidare i processi di transizione democratica, in particolare in termini di decentralizzazione. In Egitto la Svizzera affronta i principi del buongoverno e sostiene la società civile, i media e il mondo accademico.

Buongoverno

Riduzione della povertà attraverso la prevenzione di conflitti e disastri

Sviluppo economico sostenibile e inclusivo

La Svizzera concentra il suo impegno sulle riforme economiche strutturali e sul miglioramento delle opportunità economiche per i giovani, le donne e gli uomini. Si tratta di promuovere condizioni quadro economiche affidabili, iniziative innovative del settore privato, l’accesso ai mercati e agli attivi e la creazione di opportunità di redditi dignitosi per le donne e gli uomini. La Svizzera si impegna in interventi settoriali volti a migliorare le infrastrutture di base, la pianificazione urbana e lo sviluppo del settore privato offrendo posti di lavoro rimunerativi, una migliore gestione delle finanze pubbliche e istituzioni pubbliche più trasparenti (complementarietà tra la DSC e la SECO).

Migrazione e protezione

Il Nord Africa è tradizionalmente caratterizzato da numerosi flussi migratori: in fuga dalle difficoltà economiche e dai conflitti, le persone si spostano all’interno del proprio Paese, nella regione e verso l’Europa. Molti di questi migranti sono vittime di violenze e sfruttamento. La Svizzera contribuisce a creare condizioni quadro necessarie nei settori della protezione, del rispetto del diritto internazionale umanitario, dell’inclusione sociale dei migranti, della partecipazione della diaspora allo sviluppo sostenibile, della migrazione del lavoro sicura e della prevenzione della migrazione irregolare.

A livello regionale, l’attenzione è rivolta alla protezione, all’istruzione di base e all’integrazione dei bambini e dei giovani in movimento su due rotte migratorie intra-africane, nonché sul corridoio di migrazione del lavoro tra il Nord Africa, il Medio Oriente e l’Asia meridionale. A livello politico, la Svizzera intende rafforzare la cooperazione in materia di migrazione con gli Stati del Nord Africa.

Approccio e tipi di partner

L’impegno della Svizzera in Nord Africa è attuato nel quadro di un approccio interdipartimentale dalla Direzione dello sviluppo e della cooperazione (DSC), dalla Segreteria di Stato del DFAE, dalla Divisione Pace e diritti umani (DPDU), dalla Segreteria di Stato dell’economia (SECO) e dalla Segreteria di Stato della migrazione (SEM).

Principali partner della Svizzera in Nord Africa

  • Autorità dei Paesi interessati a livello nazionale, regionale e comunale
  • Organizzazioni della società civile locale e internazionale (Danish Refugee Council, Acted, Euromed Rights, International Foundation for Electoral Systems, International Rescue Committee, Première Urgence Internationale e Save the Children)
  • Organizzazioni internazionali: Comitato internazionale della Croce Rossa (CICR), Ufficio delle Nazioni Unite per il coordinamento degli affari umanitari (OCHA), Programma alimentare mondiale (PAM) e Programma delle Nazioni Unite per lo sviluppo
  • ONG, imprese e centri di competenza svizzeri: EBP, Helvetas, Swisscontact e Terre des hommes.

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Progetti Egitto

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TdH Hemayah

01.12.2022 - 30.11.2025

Egypt is a destination country for migrants and forcibly displaced persons facing challenging humanitarian conditions and limited prospects for integration. Switzerland will contribute to the “Hemayah/Protection” project implemented by Terre des Hommes to improve survival, protection, self-reliance, and wellbeing of migrants and forcibly displaced persons from marginalized communities. The project will provide comprehensive services and opportunities for skills development and socioeconomic integration through a sustainable community based approach.


Potable Water Management Programme (PWMP) in Upper Egypt Phase 2

01.05.2022 - 31.12.2025

Egypt has critical needs in better managing water resources and reducing water losses as well as consumption, especially in Upper Egypt (climate change impact, lack of infrastructure, high poverty level). Switzerland provides innovative solutions for improved potable water management and service provision to the vulnerable population. The mixed approach based on strengthening capacities of the water company, improving the infrastructure for potable water provision and on engaging the communities will serve as model for nationwide replication.


Strengthening the capacities of Community-Based Organisations serving migrants in Egypt

01.12.2021 - 30.11.2024

In Egypt, Community Based Organisations (CBOs) are key actors in responding to migrants and forcibly displaced persons’ basic needs especially amid COVID 19 pandemic. Building on lessons learnt from the first phase, CBOs will be further empowered to become more financially sustainable in order to continue providing quality services and advocate for migrants and forcibly displaced persons’ needs and rights in the donor community and with decision makers. 


Vocational Skills Development in Egypt

01.12.2021 - 30.06.2026

Over 1 million young people enter the Egyptian labor market every year. A well governed Technical Vocation Education and Training (TVET) system is needed to ensure that skills match the demand, young people are integrated in the labor market and earn a decent income. Switzerland will co-finance BMZ’s Technical Support for the Comprehensive Technical Education Initiative (TCTI), and contribute to the qualitative development and expansion of dual Vocational Education and Training (VET) by integrating the private sector requests and using a sectoral approach.


Support the juvenile justice system in Egypt

01.11.2020 - 31.01.2025

A more independent, impartial, and efficient judiciary is a prerequisite for the current protection of citizens. The juvenile justice system is one avenue where there is both a demonstrated need for engagement and government acceptance. Capitalising on OECD framework agreement with Egypt on rule of law, the proposed intervention will lead to enhanced sector specific governance practices and contribute in increasing trust with government stakeholders.


Youth For the Future

01.09.2020 - 30.04.2025

Switzerland promotes socio-economic inclusion of vulnerable youth to enable sustainable development in Egypt. The project “Youth for Future” strengthens protection and provides better livelihood opportunities for youth to facilitate their access to employment and promote social cohesion.  Egypt and Switzerland share a common interest to bring new perspectives to vulnerable young Egyptians, refugees and migrants with special focus on young women and in setting a favorable framework to promote inclusive socio-economic integration.


IGGE : Inclusive Green Growth in Egypt

01.09.2019 - 30.06.2025

The main barriers to the competitiveness of the total 2.5 million micro-small-medium enterprises in Egypt are a lack of affordable funding and a mismatch between the needs of the market and the skills available. With its proven expertise in micro-small-medium enterprises Switzerland supports economic growth and more efficient use of resources in Upper Egypt through the model of green economy such as utilizing agricultural waste to create jobs and strengthen livelihoods of communities.


Potable Water Management Programme (PWMP) in Upper Egypt – Phase 1

01.07.2017 - 31.08.2022

Egypt is a water scarce country and has critical needs in better managing water resources and reducing water losses as well as water consumption. Switzerland can share its know-how in the water sector. This programme contributes to equitable access to safely managed water to deprived and informal settlement areas in the economically disadvantaged governorate of Aswan in Upper Egypt and to improved potable water management and service provision in Aswan Water & Sanitation Company (AWSC).


Sludge Management in Egypt

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2027

By piloting new sludge treatment, disposal and reuse practices the project tackles a crucial yet neglected aspect of the Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTP) and supports a more comprehensive water resources management.


City Resilience Program, Phase II

01.12.2022 - 31.12.2027

The City Resilience Program scales up the resilience of cities against adverse impacts of disasters and climate change. It does so by supporting risk-informed und multisector planning efforts, identify suitable interventions and investments that enhance the resilience of cities, and supports their bankability and access multiple financing sources.


Small Business Impact Fund, Phase II

01.12.2022 - 30.11.2027

The Small Business Impact Fund (SBIF) is a multi-donor initiative of the EBRD to support small and medium enterprises (SMEs). SECO’s contribution to the SBIF aims to strengthen competitiveness and resilience of SMEs in Central Asia, North Africa and South Caucasus by providing business advice, skills development and financing.


Urban and Municipal Development Fund (UMDF) Phase II

01.11.2022 - 31.12.2026

The UMDF is a key instrument of the African Development Bank (AfDB) to support integrated urban development in African countries. It has introduced a Cities Program and established itself in the fields of urban infrastructure project preparation, municipal finance and capacity building. Phase II is expected to scale-up UMDF operations to 35 cities.

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Progetti Libia

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Libya UN Women Research Component

01.10.2023 - 31.12.2024

The initiative aims to advance gender-responsive actions to inform the resolution of internal displacement of women and girls with a focus on southern Libya and Tawergha through a comprehensive assessment, while fostering empowerment and local capacities.


Libya WASH Module + Flug

01.10.2023 - 31.12.2024

Heavy storms and rains have caused deadly floods in Libya on Sep. 10th, 2023. Following the collapse of two major dams, an estimated 11,300 people have died, 10,000 are missing and over 200,000 displaced individuals. The town of Derna, where the dams were located, has been devastated. SDC is providing in-kind relief WASH modules to two INGO partners, namely IMC and Acted. 


UNICEF Sup. Vulnerable Children in Libya

01.07.2023 - 30.06.2025

The initiative aims to improve the protection and respect of the rights of vulnerable and at risk children and youth and their resilience through fostered 1) access to integrated protection services, comprising education in Eastern Libya, and 2) efforts to strengthen the social protection system for children at national and subnational levels through policy support, capacity strengthening and leveraging public resources and evidence. 


LIB ACTED Protection/Educ./Hum.Assist.

01.09.2022 - 31.08.2024

The intervention aims to improve access to education and protection for crisis-affected children as part of concerted efforts in eastern Libya levering impact. It further fosters local capacities and data and knowledge base for Libya’s longer-term efforts on assisting internally displaced people (IDP’s).

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Progetti Marocco

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Morocco IFRC Emergency Appeal Earthquake

12.09.2023 - 31.12.2025

An earthquake with a 6.8 magnitude shook Morocco on 8 September. This earthquake was the deadliest in Morocco since 2004. At least 3’000 people were killed, mostly in Marrakech and the provinces in the High Atlas Mountains, while another 5’600 were injured. The SDC will support the victims of the earthquake with a contribution to the IFRC Appeal. 


Small Business Impact Fund, Phase II

01.12.2022 - 30.11.2027

The Small Business Impact Fund (SBIF) is a multi-donor initiative of the EBRD to support small and medium enterprises (SMEs). SECO’s contribution to the SBIF aims to strengthen competitiveness and resilience of SMEs in Central Asia, North Africa and South Caucasus by providing business advice, skills development and financing.


Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance, Phase III

01.05.2022 - 30.04.2027

SECO is partnering with the World Bank to implement the Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance (DRFI) Program. The Program supports SECO priority countries in building their financial resilience to natural disasters and other crisis, including pandemics.


Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF) 2022-2027

01.01.2022 - 30.06.2027

The Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility is a World-Bank managed, multi-donor technical assistance facility aimed at creating an enabling environment for private sector investment in infrastructure, with the ultimate aim of improving lives through a better access to quality infrastructure services.


Swiss Import Promotion Program (SIPPO) 2021-2025

01.07.2021 - 30.07.2025

The Swiss Import Promotion Program SIPPO 2021-2025 supports Business Support Organisations (BSO), such as trade-related ministries and agencies, private trade promotion service providers, consultants, trade promotion organisations, and industry organisations thereby facilitating access for exporting companies to the Swiss and international markets.


Sustainable Long-Term Finance Facility

01.01.2021 - 30.06.2026

The Sustainable Long-Term Finance Facility aims to leverage private finance for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and climate change assets through the development of local capital markets. It will be implemented by the World Bank Group.


Sustainable tourism in Morocco

01.09.2019 - 31.03.2025

The first phase of this project in Morocco aims at supporting the provinces of Azilal and Béni Mellal to develop a sustainable rural tourism with integrated sectors in order to reduce poverty, generate income opportunities, create new jobs and improve existing jobs in this region, especially for young people and women.


Global Program for Intellectual Property Rights

01.03.2018 - 31.12.2024

Intellectual Property (IP) regimes are central to promoting innovation and the development of new goods, services and production methods. IP provides the incentive necessary to pursue further research and development, and creative works. Insofar, it is part of a sound foundation for a prosperous private sector and today's world trade system.


Economic Inclusion in MENA Region

01.10.2017 - 31.12.2024

Around specific investments the project seeks to equip workers with the necessary skills to get employed. It fosters the inclusion agenda in Egypt, Tunisia, Jordan and Morocco by targeting specifically youth, gender and people from disadvantaged regions.


Government Debt and Risk Management Program, Phase II

01.08.2017 - 31.12.2023

This World Bank Treasury-implemented program aims to increase the capacity of Debt Management Offices in selected partner countries with regard to policy development and implementation of debt management plans, deepening of domestic debt markets, and putting in place sustainable debt management that adequately takes into account cost and risk.


Multi-Country Investment Climate Program

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2024

The Multi-Country Investment Climate Program (MCICP) supports investment climate reform advisory in a total of 20 SECO partner countries. It is implemented by the International Finance Corporation (IFC), a globally recognized leader in this field.


Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance, Phase II

01.12.2016 - 31.12.2021

SECO is partnering with the World Bank to implement the Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance (DRFI) Program to support primarily SECO priority countries in building their financial resilience to natural disasters. Countries receive technical assistance helping them in their advance planning of financing needs in the case of natural disasters.

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Progetti Tunisia

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Participation Active des Citoyennes et Citoyens Tunisien(ne)s – PACT II

01.04.2023 - 31.03.2027

L’intervention soutient, dans la région marginalisée des Hautes Steppes, un ensemble de dynamiques de développement communautaires initiées par les autorités décentralisées et déconcentrées et appuyées par une participation active de la communauté pour améliorer les conditions de vie des citoyen.ne.s et réduire les vulnérabilités. La DDC apportera sa valeur ajoutée à travers son expérience en gouvernance locale démocratique et en développement local inclusif.


FEMMEDINA

01.04.2023 - 30.09.2025

Les centres villes anciens (Médinas) ont leurs spécificités aux niveaux architectural, économique, culturel et social. Source de richesse historique, ils sont aussi des lieux de discrimination à l’égard des femmes. Ce projet, mis en oeuvre par Cities Alliance, s’inscrit dans la continuité d’une 1ère phase du projet mené dans la Médina de Tunis. Il cible 4 autres Médinas et vise à renforcer les capacités des communes en matière de planification et de mise en oeuvre des projets des Médinas en intégrant la dimension genre et en adoptant des approches plus participatives.


Appui à la Fédération Nationale des Communes Tunisiennes et mise en place du Fonds Municipal de Compétence Générale

01.11.2022 - 30.06.2027

Le projet vise à appuyer le processus de décentralisation en Tunisie en renforçant le rôle de la Fédération Nationale des Communes Tunisiennes (FNCT) en tant qu’acteur de soutien aux communes et de plaidoyer politique pour la décentralisation. Dans le cadre de ce projet, la FNCT va appuyer techniquement et financièrement 17 communes pilotes dans la mise en œuvre de leurs plans de développement locaux. Il s’agit d’une contribution à un projet financé par l’Union Européenne. 


BIOREST - Appui au développement d’une agriculture biologique durable et résiliente dans un contexte de changement climatique en Tunisie

01.11.2021 - 31.10.2025

A travers cette l’intervention, la Suisse consolide les efforts du gouvernement tunisien pour la résilience au changement climatique en accompagnant le développement des systèmes d’agriculture biologiques appliquant les principes de l’agriculture intelligente face au climat. L’appui portera sur les axes de la production végétale et animale, l’encadrement des acteurs et le système de contrôle de l’agriculture biologique. L’approche territoriale adoptée consolide la résilience alimentaire et environnementale des régions ciblées et de la Tunisie.


IPDLI - Initiative Pilote de Développement Local Intégré

01.11.2021 - 31.10.2025

Mise en œuvre par l’Organisation Internationale du Travail (OIT), l’intervention contribue à l’amélioration la qualité de vie des populations de 14 communes des régions défavorisées à travers un accompagnement au processus de décentralisation dans son axe transfert des compétences du pouvoir central vers le pouvoir local. Les communes seront appuyées dans leurs rôles d’acteur développement et de fournisseur de services de base dans les secteurs de la santé et de l’éducation.


RESPECT - Redevabilité, sécurité et prévention de l’extrémisme violent pour les citoyennes et citoyens tunisiens

01.10.2021 - 31.08.2025

L’intervention vise à renforcer la capacité de la Commission Nationale de la Lutte contre le Terrorisme (CNLCT) dans la prévention de l’extrémisme violent (PEV) en améliorant la coordination entre les acteurs clés des secteurs de la sécurité et de la justice. L’approche choisie est holistique combinant des activités qui ont pour objectifs de renforcer la cohésion sociale en ciblant les groupes à risque. Un autre aspect de l’intervention consiste à soutenir la réforme du secteur de la sécurité afin que celui-ci soit conforme avec les standards internationaux régissant les droits humains.


Organisation Mondiale contre la Torture (OMCT)

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2025

L’intervention a pour objectifs de renforcer la responsabilisation des acteurs publics pour les violations des droits humains et de contribuer à la réforme de l’environnement institutionnel pour prévenir la torture et réduire l’impunité en Tunisie. Elle offre une assistance directe aux victimes et promeut une meilleure conduite professionnelle des forces sécuritaires et carcérales. L’OMCT travaille aussi en lien étroit avec la société civile pour mener des plaidoyers communs contre la torture et l’impunité des responsables.


PSPET - Programme de soutien au processus électoral en Tunisie

01.11.2020 - 31.12.2024

L’intervention contribue au renforcement de la bonne gouvernance des autorités électorales et à leur résilience pendant les périodes de crise. Elle veille également à assurer l’inclusion des différentes couches de la société dans la participation électorale et politique, à travers des approches innovantes et durables, ainsi que par la diffusion auprès des citoyen.ne.s tunisien.ne.s d’une information électorale fiable et sensible au genre. Le programme sera mis en œuvre par le PNUD et l’IFES.


TAKWEEN - Formation professionnelle en Tunisie

01.10.2020 - 31.10.2026

La Suisse se distingue depuis 2013 par l'impulsion des modèles innovants de formation à dominance pratique, assurant un taux d‘insertion professionnelle à hauteur de 70%. L’intervention marque la volonté de la Suisse à poursuivre son effort en faveur de la modernisation de la FP en Tunisie, par une implication accrue du secteur privé et par le positionnement de la formation professionnelle post-diplôme comme un élément attractif du système de formation institutionnalisé qui vient cibler une plus large palette de bénéficiaires. 


Moussanada Mahaleya

01.02.2020 - 30.06.2025

La décentralisation est un processus clé de la démocratisation de la Tunisie inscrit dans la nouvelle constitution de 2014. Après la communalisation, l’Etat Tunisien engage la réforme de la régionalisation, avec l’objectif d’une mise en place des nouveaux conseils régionaux en 2023. Pour lever ce défi la Suisse appuie l’Etat Tunisien pour poursuivre cette réforme avec une approche holistique et participative, à travers une contribution au fonds fiduciaire TERI géré par la Banque Mondiale.


TRUST - Transition redevable pour la société tunisienne

01.09.2017 - 30.06.2024

La Suisse veut mettre en valeur son expérience pour l’amélioration de la gouvernance des services publics tunisiens par le renforcement de la redevabilité. Elle agit principalement sur les instances publiques indépendantes (IPI) formellement en charge du système de redevabilité. Les IPI sont formées et mieux organisées pour augmenter la confiance entre citoyens et les institutions par des instruments de contrôle démocratique et le dialogue avec les trois pouvoirs et la société civile.  


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