Formation professionnelle – la porte d’entrée vers le monde du travail

Une formation professionnelle de qualité peut contribuer à la réduction de la pauvreté si elle permet aux apprenants de s’intégrer durablement sur le marché de l’emploi avec des conditions de travail décentes. L’objectif est celui d’un développement économique qui profite à tous. La DDC travaille avec les autorités publiques et le secteur privé sur des offres de formation adaptées aux besoins de l’économie.

En point de mire de la DDC

La DDC défend la vision d’une formation professionnelle à même de donner aux apprenants les compétences nécessaires pour participer à la vie économique et accéder à un travail convenablement rémunéré. L’idée est que les professionnels formés soient bien équipés pour s’engager dans des activités économiques formelles ou informelles, comme employés ou indépendants.

L’employabilité des apprentis et leur contribution à une productivité accrue des entreprises est clé aux yeux de la DDC. Il s’agit d’augmenter les offres de formation en garantissant que toutes les catégories de la population puissent en profiter: pauvres et moins pauvres, femmes comme hommes, populations urbaines et rurales.

Pour que les filières de formation mises sur pied correspondent au mieux aux besoins des apprenants et de l’économie, la DDC prend soin d’associer aussi bien les autorités publiques que le secteur privé à leur planification et mise en œuvre. Les programmes de formation sont porteurs lorsqu’ils reposent sur un contenu à la fois théorique et pratique, à l’image du système d’apprentissage dual pratiqué en Suisse.

La DDC travaille à améliorer les offres de formation professionnelle, mais elle encourage aussi à reconnaître les expériences de travail et apprentissages informels – parfois acquis en autodidacte – dont peuvent se targuer de nombreux professionnels.

Suivant les cas et les contextes, la DDC préconise d’inclure des modules d’initiation à certains métiers durant la scolarité obligatoire. A l’école secondaire, des services d’orientation professionnelle s’avèrent utiles. Dans l’idéal, la formation professionnelle est appelée à faire le pont entre l’éducation de base et le monde du travail. Dans cette perspective, la DDC complète son intervention avec des activités de renforcement du secteur privé et de création d’emplois.

Contexte

En 2017, 71 millions de jeunes dans le monde sont sans emploi. Et près du double sont confrontés à des situations de pauvreté, très souvent parce qu’ils ne disposent ni d’une formation ni d’une situation de travail adéquate. A l’échelle de la planète, seuls 11% des jeunes engagés au degré secondaire suivent une formation professionnelle.

Le besoin de multiplier les offres de formation est évident pour permettre aux jeunes de faire valoir leur potentiel sur le marché de l’emploi. La formation professionnelle, au même titre que l’éducation de base, est l’une des conditions essentielles du développement économique et social. Il est crucial que la formation professionnelle s’appuie sur une bonne formation initiale et, le cas échéant, qu’elle puisse la renforcer.

Mais une formation professionnelle de qualité n’a de sens que si les individus formés trouvent ensuite des débouchés professionnels. D’après la Banque mondiale, 40 millions de nouveaux emplois devraient être créés annuellement pour absorber les jeunes de plus en plus nombreux qui entrent sur le marché du travail, surtout en Afrique subsaharienne et en Asie du Sud.

La mise à disposition d’une main d’œuvre qualifiée peut stimuler la productivité et la compétitivité des entreprises, ce qui a un impact positif sur la croissance économique et la création de postes de travail. Donner des perspectives aux vulnérables et répondre aux aspirations des jeunes est indispensable pour éviter un gaspillage de potentiel humain et économique.

Témoignages

Des bénéficiaires de formation professionnelle racontent leur parcours

Genre et formation professionnelle

La DDC intègre le respect de l’égalité entre hommes et femmes dans ses projets et veille à ce que les femmes puissent accéder au marché du travail.

Projets actuels

Objet 73 – 84 de 147

Eritrea Vocational Skills Training

01.08.2017 - 31.07.2022

The Humanitarian Aid of SDC has operated a program office in Asmara up to 2006. Due to implementation difficulties, it was decided at that time to close the office. Eritrea came again into the attention of the Swiss Government in relation with the high number of Eritrean asylum seekers. Most of them are young men. Domestic politics called to address this issue and the Federal Council decided to enhance its investment in young Eritreans in order to improve their life perspectives in their home country. Eritrea is a low-income country ranking generally at the bottom end of international development lists, it is ruled by the Peoples’ front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ). The Government slogan of “self-reliance” is linked to the country’s impression of being left alone by the international community (sanction regime in relation to Somalia). Controversial discussions about the Eritrean track record in human rights have influenced the relations between Eritrea and other countries. The main point of concern is the National Service, an institution that manages most of the services provided to the Eritrean population. Its sphere of influence goes beyond the military domain. Eritrea is in a “no war, no peace” situation with the neighboring Ethiopia. Strategic partnerships exist between Eritrea and China (natural resources and infrastructure) and Saudi Arabia (air and war vessel base in Eritrea for the Yemen conflict). Many Eritreans flee the country because they see no real life perspectives. Remittances are extremely important for the survival of the Eritrean population. With its future involvement, SDC aims at making a contribution to improve life perspectives of young Eritreans by training teachers in the field of vocational skills training and by enhancing the access of students to qualified TVET-institutions. The context is quite unique and a step by step approach, starting with a pilot phase of two years is justified.


Projet terminé

Livelihood and Food Security Trust Fund - LIFT

01.07.2017 - 31.12.2018

The Livelihood and Food Security Trust Fund for Myanmar (LIFT) managed by the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) receives contributions from 14 donors. LIFT plays an important role in coordinated donor support to agriculture and rural development. Up to now LIFT has reached 7.2 million people, 2.2 million people live in households with increased income and 326’000 households eat improved diets. With this additional Swiss support, successful LIFT projects will be scaled-up and led to sustainability by end 2018.


Modernisation of Vocational Education and Training Programmes

01.06.2017 - 31.12.2020

Modernising VET (Vocational Education and Training) programmes for crafts and improving the quality of work-based-learning will benefit Croatian youth and contribute to the reduction of economic and social disparities between Croatia and the more economically advanced countries of the enlarged European Union (EU), especially in the field of VET.


PROFET – Programme for Strengthening Vocational and Professional Education and Training (VPET) in Cuba

01.06.2017 - 31.05.2027

PROFET contributes to improve the integration of young people, especially women and disadvantaged groups, into the labour market by assessing demand in the productive sector, improving training quality in priority specialties for the economy of the country, promoting cooperation between educational institutions and the productive public and private sectors, and providing local counselling services for young people looking for jobs.


PROFET - Programme for Strengthening Technical and Vocational Education in Cuba

01.06.2017 - 31.12.2022

PROFET promotes access to employment by young people, with emphasis on women and disadvantaged groups, by modernizing educational programmes and technology under Technical and Vocational Education, in priority specialties for the development of the country (construction, agriculture and tourism), strengthening cooperation among educational institutions and the productive sector, and providing local advisory services for job placement and business undertaking.


Formación técnica profesional

01.05.2017 - 30.06.2022

Vocational skills development is key for improving production and expanding opportunities for employment and self-employment. The project aims to reduce poverty and inequality by enhancing access to the labour market. It seeks to strengthen vocational skills and certify competences with an emphasis on young people and adults, promote the quality of training centres, and the shared responsibility of public/private stakeholders. Strategies cover both the national and the local level.


Skills for Employment Tanzania – SET

Babati, Tanzania

01.03.2017 - 30.06.2022

SET seeks to enhance youth (self) employment by improving the Vocational Skills Development (VSD) system. It will support public and private stakeholders to expand access to quality training that matches the demand from both the economy and youth, in particular women, including young mothers. Key elements from the Swiss VSD model will be emphasized: the coordination between skills providers and private sector, practical training and innovation.


Projet terminé

Terre des Hommes Schweiz (TdH Schweiz)

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2018

Social participation of youth is an objective and at the same time a condition for sustainable development. Young people are often marginalized and lack economic and social perspectives. Youth unemployment worldwide has dramatically risen in the last years and youth, especially girls, are far more exposed to violence and HIV-Aids than adults. terre des hommes schweiz program empowers young people to identify and use opportunities of participation and to advocate within communities for their rights and interests.


Projet terminé

Phasing out - Enhancing Youth Employability in the Gaza Strip –Phase II

01.12.2016 - 31.05.2019

The project aims at supporting the development of the Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) sector in Gaza responding to the labour market needs and aligning to the national TVET strategy in order to improve youth employability. This second and final phase will focus on consolidating the achievements of phase one through the institutionalization of the Centre of Competence concept, enhanced involvement of the private sector and systematic technical cooperation between West Bank and Gaza and among stakeholders active in the TVET sector in Gaza. 


Labour-based Road Construction, Rehabilitation and Maintenance (LBRC)

01.11.2016 - 31.10.2019

The rural poor in Afghanistan suffer from a lack of access to basic services and markets. The labour based road construction project addresses these pressing needs of the people and complements an ongoing Swiss livelihood intervention. Through predictable income, the rehabilitation of vital rural infrastructure and by ensuring access to services and markets, the project contributes to improve the lives of men, women and children in a remote rural area.


Projet terminé

Federal Government of Somalia and UN Joint Programme on Youth Employment

20.10.2016 - 31.12.2018

The youth employment programme for Somalia aims to create employment opportunities for youth between 15 and 24 years through vocational education, enterprise training, and the rehabilitation of infrastructure in high potential sectors of the economy. The programme is embedded in a state building and stabilization perspective and recognizes that Somali youth are essential for the recovery and growth of Somalia, but could also be a destabilizing force if ignored.


Vocational Skills Development in Macedonia

01.09.2016 - 28.02.2022

Macedonia has one of the highest unemployment rates in Europe (25%), especially among youth (48%). One of the key factors for youth unemployment is that the education and training system does not provide skills needed by the economy. The Vocational Skills Development project aims to address youth unemployment through supporting market relevant skills development by strengthening the engagement of the private sector (e.g. through systematised internships), thus increasing the employability of vocational training graduates.

Objet 73 – 84 de 147