Formation professionnelle – la porte d’entrée vers le monde du travail

Une formation professionnelle de qualité peut contribuer à la réduction de la pauvreté si elle permet aux apprenants de s’intégrer durablement sur le marché de l’emploi avec des conditions de travail décentes. L’objectif est celui d’un développement économique qui profite à tous. La DDC travaille avec les autorités publiques et le secteur privé sur des offres de formation adaptées aux besoins de l’économie.

En point de mire de la DDC

La DDC défend la vision d’une formation professionnelle à même de donner aux apprenants les compétences nécessaires pour participer à la vie économique et accéder à un travail convenablement rémunéré. L’idée est que les professionnels formés soient bien équipés pour s’engager dans des activités économiques formelles ou informelles, comme employés ou indépendants.

L’employabilité des apprentis et leur contribution à une productivité accrue des entreprises est clé aux yeux de la DDC. Il s’agit d’augmenter les offres de formation en garantissant que toutes les catégories de la population puissent en profiter: pauvres et moins pauvres, femmes comme hommes, populations urbaines et rurales.

Pour que les filières de formation mises sur pied correspondent au mieux aux besoins des apprenants et de l’économie, la DDC prend soin d’associer aussi bien les autorités publiques que le secteur privé à leur planification et mise en œuvre. Les programmes de formation sont porteurs lorsqu’ils reposent sur un contenu à la fois théorique et pratique, à l’image du système d’apprentissage dual pratiqué en Suisse.

La DDC travaille à améliorer les offres de formation professionnelle, mais elle encourage aussi à reconnaître les expériences de travail et apprentissages informels – parfois acquis en autodidacte – dont peuvent se targuer de nombreux professionnels.

Suivant les cas et les contextes, la DDC préconise d’inclure des modules d’initiation à certains métiers durant la scolarité obligatoire. A l’école secondaire, des services d’orientation professionnelle s’avèrent utiles. Dans l’idéal, la formation professionnelle est appelée à faire le pont entre l’éducation de base et le monde du travail. Dans cette perspective, la DDC complète son intervention avec des activités de renforcement du secteur privé et de création d’emplois.

Contexte

En 2017, 71 millions de jeunes dans le monde sont sans emploi. Et près du double sont confrontés à des situations de pauvreté, très souvent parce qu’ils ne disposent ni d’une formation ni d’une situation de travail adéquate. A l’échelle de la planète, seuls 11% des jeunes engagés au degré secondaire suivent une formation professionnelle.

Le besoin de multiplier les offres de formation est évident pour permettre aux jeunes de faire valoir leur potentiel sur le marché de l’emploi. La formation professionnelle, au même titre que l’éducation de base, est l’une des conditions essentielles du développement économique et social. Il est crucial que la formation professionnelle s’appuie sur une bonne formation initiale et, le cas échéant, qu’elle puisse la renforcer.

Mais une formation professionnelle de qualité n’a de sens que si les individus formés trouvent ensuite des débouchés professionnels. D’après la Banque mondiale, 40 millions de nouveaux emplois devraient être créés annuellement pour absorber les jeunes de plus en plus nombreux qui entrent sur le marché du travail, surtout en Afrique subsaharienne et en Asie du Sud.

La mise à disposition d’une main d’œuvre qualifiée peut stimuler la productivité et la compétitivité des entreprises, ce qui a un impact positif sur la croissance économique et la création de postes de travail. Donner des perspectives aux vulnérables et répondre aux aspirations des jeunes est indispensable pour éviter un gaspillage de potentiel humain et économique.

Témoignages

Des bénéficiaires de formation professionnelle racontent leur parcours

Genre et formation professionnelle

La DDC intègre le respect de l’égalité entre hommes et femmes dans ses projets et veille à ce que les femmes puissent accéder au marché du travail.

Projets actuels

Objet 109 – 120 de 156

Skills Development in Uzbekistan

Des apprentis dans un parc apprennent à utiliser un théodolite

01.03.2015 - 29.02.2020

The fourth Phase of the Skills Development Project (SDP) in Uzbekistan contributes to the improvement and further development of the Vocational Education and Training (VET) system by introducing and strengthening the systemic approach to cooperation among stakeholders in the water sector within the cycle “Demand-Training-Job Placement”. The systemic approach to be followed in this Phase of SDP is going to serve as a blueprint for other sectors of the economy and be replicated accordingly.


Projet terminé

Terre des hommes Schweiz programme contribution South 2015 - 2016

01.01.2015 - 31.12.2016

Social participation of youth is an objective and at the same time a condition for sustainable development. Young people are often marginalized and lack economic and social perspectives. Youth unemployment worldwide has dramatically risen in the last years and youth, especially girls, are far more exposed to violence and HIV-Aids than adults. terre des hommes schweiz program empowers young people to identify and use opportunities of participation and to advocate within communities for their rights and interests.


Swisscontact programme contribution South 2015 - 2016

01.01.2015 - 31.12.2016

Swisscontact has the vision of making a sustainable, effective contribution towards the reduction of economic disparities in a globalised world that is growing more and more complex. Swisscontact's mission is the promotion of economic, social and ecological development, by assisting people to suc­cessfully integrate into local commercial life and by so doing open up opportunities for them to improve their living conditions as a result of their own efforts


Projet terminé

Improving access to services for Syrian refugees living in Mersin Province

15.12.2014 - 14.09.2015

Since the beginning of the crisis, Turkish authorities, with the support of the international community, have been providing comprehensive assistance to Syrians living in the camps. Assistance to those outside has been less comprehensive and more ad hoc. While the government has extended temporary protection to all Syrians in Turkey, allowing them in principle to access public services, the overall number of refugees has stretched national structures and capacities to the utmost. The government has to limit itself to focus on immediate material humanitarian needs, and is largely unable, on its own, to address issues of continuing services, including psycho-social support and integration as the refugee crisis becomes protracted. Beginning October 2014 IOM has therefore embarked on a partnership with a local NGO, the Syria Social Gathering (SSG), to facilitate Syrian refugee's access to services in Mersin province, contributing to their self-reliance and integration in Turkey. The framework for this partnership is SSG's multi-service centre that provides education, vocational training, psychosocial, legal and primary health services to Syrian refugees. IOM's partnership with SSG will strengthen the sustainability of SSG's multi-service centre in Mersin. At present, there are no other local or international organizations providing assistance to the Syrians living in Mersin. So the sustainability of SSG's activities in Mersin is paramount for Syrians in this province to have access to basic services and protection.


Projet terminé

Swiss Support for the introduction of the Dual-track principles in Bulgaria Vocational Education system

01.12.2014 - 30.11.2019

This project pursues a sustainable Bulgarian system of professional school education in which vocational education is tightly linked to the demand of the business. It is a vision, in which vocational schools are generating competent, knowledgeable and highly qualified workforce, able to respond to the immediate needs of the labor market and where companies are seen as responsible partners to the educational institutions. Dual Vocational Education and Training System (DVETS) is considered as one of the operational tools and entry point for the accomplishment of this vision.


JIWASA Programme – Strengthening Urban MSEs

01.09.2014 - 31.03.2020

Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) involved in processing have the potential to contribute to industrial development in Bolivia, but their productivity is low. The Jiwasa Programme is a government initiative that seeks to increase production and incomes. With public and private sector support, it will provide direct and strategic services to five production clusters prioritised by the Bolivian government. 10’000 jobs will be improved, and gender equality and cleaner production will be promoted.


Enhanced Skills for Sustainable and Rewarding Employment (ENSSURE)(Main Credit)

01.08.2014 - 31.12.2019

In Nepal, 450,000 youths enter the labour market yearly but remain un- or underemployed. Through ENSSURE, 21’000 youths will increase their employability by attending company-based trainings such as apprenticeships and further training of workers, combined with off-the-job systematic courses[1].The strong collaboration between the Ministry of Education and industry associations will increase the skill level of workers; thus labor productivity and will lead  to more decent employment.

 

 

 

[1] Systematic courses could be: Pre-employment basics, day or block release for related trade theory, pre-assessment course, etc.

 

 

 


Projet terminé

INTERSOS - Increasing Livelihood Opportunities for both Yemenis and Refugees in Yemen Through Access to Gainful Employment, Education and Vocational Training

01.07.2014 - 31.12.2015

The project mainly provides vulnerable Yemeni youth and refugees in Yemen – with a special focus on females – with enhanced economic self-reliance and livelihood opportunities through access to formal technical education and vocational training at governmental institutions. At the same time, the project improves the capacities of the Ministry of Technical Education and Vocational Training (MOTEVT) and its institutes with two new vocations relevant to the Yemeni labour market. Being unemployment/lack of livelihood opportunities – especially among youth –one of the major challenges faced currently by Yemen, and one of the main factors of political instability and insecurity, this project eventually contributes to the stabilisation of Yemen.


Skills Development Programme (SDP)

01.05.2014 - 30.06.2020

Skills development is a key driver for inclusive growth in Cambodia, but delivery is poor. Through the Skills Development Program (SDP), SDC supports the rural poor and disadvantaged youth in northern provinces to have better access to more gainful and decent employment and contributes to strengthening the TVET national regulatory framework for better inclusion, more effective deliv­ery and higher relevance of vocational skills to labour market needs. 


Projet terminé

Programa de Reduccion de Riesgo de Desastres -PRRD 4: Promoting culture of Resilience

18.03.2014 - 31.12.2018

Bolivia is one of the countries worldwide with highest risk from impact of climate change (CC). The latter affects the socio-economic development of the country and in particular rural vulnerable livelihoods. Disaster Risk Reduction is not properly developed in public policies although the Bolivian Government is keen to reduce the vulnerability. The SDC project intends to develop a lasting/sustainable culture of resilience among public sector with training of key agents of change and raising awareness among population.


Nepal Vocational Qualifications System (NVQS)

01.02.2014 - 15.07.2020

In Nepal, 500’000 youths enter the labour market yearly but remain un- or underemployed. The project will support the Ministry of Education to establish a National Vocational Qualifications Framework and a corresponding NVQ Authority to manage it. Learners and workers, especially from disadvantaged groups, will benefit from an improved vocational training qualification and skills certification system, thus increasing their chances for sustainable and decent employment.


Projet terminé

Sustainable Agricultural Models in the Romanian Mountain Area

01.01.2014 - 31.12.2016

The project was aimed at developing sustainable agriculture models in the Romanian mountains through integrating traditional activities in the modern economic environment in order to generate income, and preserve the cultural landscape with their high touristic value. The project targets sheep farming associations in North-Eastern Romania have been caring for the management of high mountain pastures.

Objet 109 – 120 de 156