Changement climatique et environnement

Le bouleversement climatique mondial pose des défis majeurs aux acteurs du développement. © CCO

Les effets du changement climatique ne connaissent pas de frontières géographiques. Ils touchent tout le monde, partout sur la Terre, et frappent de manière particulièrement dure tous ceux et celles qui tirent leurs moyens de subsistance directement de la nature. Il en résulte pauvreté, famine et catastrophes naturelles.

Le bouleversement climatique mondial pose des défis majeurs aux acteurs du développement, puisqu’il affecte bien plus durement les pays et les groupes de population pauvres que les riches. Pesant toujours plus lourdement sur le développement, il va jusqu’à compromettre des succès déjà obtenus à ce jour. C’est pourquoi la protection du climat et la gestion des changements climatiques occupent une place croissante dans la coopération au développement. Le Programme global Changement climatique de la DDC tient compte de cette tendance.

Exploitation forestière durable

En appliquant un certain nombre de mesures portant sur l’exploitation des forêts et des terres, il serait possible de compenser plusieurs fois les quantités d'émissions de gaz à effet de serre produites actuellement chaque année.

Approvisionnement en énergie

L’optimisation des processus de production et l’amélioration des conditions de vie passent par la modernisation des services énergétiques et par une utilisation efficace de l’énergie.

Financement de la lutte contre le changement climatique

La Suisse intègre le changement climatique dans sa politique de développement. Elle propose de l’expertise, des solutions techniques et des moyens financiers en faveur de la protection du climat.

Adaptation au changement climatique

Dans le cadre de son Programme global Changement climatique, la DDC aide des groupes de population particulièrement vulnérables, sur différents continents, à s’adapter au changement climatique.

Régions de montagne

Les montagnes représentent l’habitat d’un cinquième de la population mondiale ainsi que le réservoir d’eau de la moitié de l’humanité. De par sa topographie, la Suisse a tout particulièrement à cœur de promouvoir le développement durable des régions de montagne.

Documents

Projets actuels

Objet 85 – 96 de 119

FOCUS: Remote Geo-Hazards Capacity Building and Monitoring. Creating Opportunities in a Safe Environment (COSE): Integrating Risk Management

01.08.2016 - 31.12.2019

The high mountainous area of the Pamirs are highly prone to natural disasters such as earthquakes, landslides, avalanches, draughts, glacial lakes outbursts and other earth mass movements. The project will strengthen the communities' and government’s capacity to analyze and manage risks and effectively employ natural resources in a coordinated manner to contribute to increased protection against natural hazards, reducing populations’ vulnerability to natural shocks and to increase their overall resilience.


Promoting off-farm employment and income in the Great Lakes Region through climate responsive construction material production

01.07.2016 - 31.12.2019

High demographic growth in the Great Lakes increases the competition for scarce natural resources and boosts the demand for affordable housing. The project aims at triggering local economic development, improving working conditions and increasing off-farm employment through climate responsive building material production. Results of the first phase allow for a technology transfer adjusted to local needs and scaling up of the brick production value chains in the region.


Territorial water governance in the Gulf of Fonseca region

01.01.2016 - 17.04.2021

The programme facilitates the establishment of a system of territorial water governance, sustainable and integral water resource management, and the construction of 6 strategic water works as a result of private-public agreement in the Choluteca, Sampile and Nacaome watersheds in the region of the Gulf of Fonseca. The program empowers public-private water users and political stakeholders who lead national water policy and it indirectly benefits 66,000 families.


Indian Himalayas Climate Adaptation Programme

01.01.2016 - 31.12.2019

The sensitivity of the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR) to changes in global climate has been recognised and given priority by the Government of India. However, knowledge and scientific information on climate change impacts on the IHR is still limited and capacities to adapt are weak. The Indian Himalayas Climate Adaptation Programme (IHCAP) aims at bridging the knowledge gap on climate change impacts and response measures by supporting collaborative research, capacity building and knowledge exchange and dissemination.


Community Driven Watershed Management for Climate Change Adaptation in Nicaragua

01.01.2016 - 30.06.2020

Environmental degradation and climate change are reducing the capacity of the Dipilto River watershed to provide ecosystem services (water, forest) to the population, increasing their vulnerability and deepening poverty. The program will strengthen dialogue among stakeholders, empower communities and provide economic incentives for restoring the hydrologic and environmental equilibrium of the watershed, increasing the resilience of its 27 thousand inhabitants.


Transforming Tanzania's Charcoal Sector

01.12.2015 - 30.11.2019

The project formalizes, up-scales and promotes a tested and functioning model of a sustainable, more energy efficient charcoal value chain. A Community Based Forest Management approach contributes to the generation of higher incomes from charcoal and other forest products and related royalties invested into community development through local governance mechanisms, benefitting 80’000 villagers. The existing model of 8 Kilosa villages is extended to 22 new villages in 3 districts through practical stakeholder training.


Global Sustainable Land Management Platform for Knowledge Management and Decision Support (WOCAT)

01.12.2015 - 30.11.2019

Sustainable Land Management (SLM) is essential for reducing land degradation, restoring degraded land and striving to achieve land degradation neutrality. WOCAT, the Global Sustainable Land Management Platform, is recognised by the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) as the primary database for SLM best practices reporting, offers robust and up-to-date knowledge, tools and methods for evidence-based decision-making to implement the most appropriate practices within a given context and to improve land resources, ecosystems and livelihoods. The phase will focus on enhancement of knowledge uptake in decision support.


Gestion intégrée des bassins versants au Moyen Atlas

20.11.2015 - 30.09.2019

L’érosion des sols au Maroc, sévère dans les montagnes de l’Atlas, est à la fois cause et indicateur des défis auxquels font face les populations vulnérables de la région: désastres naturels et précarité. L’intervention propose une approche innovante de gestion intégrée des bassins versants qui augmentera durablement la résilience des populations locales, tout en améliorant leurs conditions de vie. L’engagement fort du Maroc pour sa réplication future à l’échelle nationale permet un effet multiplicateur considérable.


GLACIARES+: Risk management and Productive use of water from melting glaciers

01.09.2015 - 31.12.2019

The Lima Call for Climate Action adopted during COP20 in Lima stresses the urgency for fast-track adaptation and building resilience in the developing world; climate risk management plays a key role. Glacial retreat triggers natural hazards and puts at risk water supply and key economic activities such as hydropower generation – globally impacting hundreds of millions of people. Lessons from Peru will be valuable input for the global dialogue the urgently needs evidence-based practical experience in risk management and successful adaptation in glaciated basins.


Employment Fund, Phase II

15.07.2015 - 30.06.2020

The earthquakes that struck Nepal in April and May 2015 caused the destruction of 500,000 houses and the damage of 280,000 houses[1]. Nepal does not have sufficient construction workers with knowledge of earthquake resilient technologies. This project will train 3,000 people from the disaster affected districts in reconstruction relevant trades and in the use of earthquake resilient building techniques while 4,000 houses, the trainees own as well as other homes, are built.  

 

[1] Figures provided by the Government of Nepal: http://drrportal.gov.np


Innovation and dissemination of technologies for adaptation of agriculture to climate change – AGRIADAPTA

01.07.2015 - 31.12.2020

10'000 families in 19 municipalities of the country improve their food security and their situation of poverty by practising sustainable and climate-smart agriculture. The Project will provide resources so that small-hold farmers in environmentally degraded dry areas affected by climate change and variability develop capacities, exchange knowledge and apply technologies for climate change adaptation.


Programme Development North Africa

01.07.2015 - 30.06.2020

Originally conceived to support the development of activities under the Swiss North Africa Programme launched from scratch in 2011, the 5th phase with a much reduced budget allows deepening relevant thematic and context knowledge, developing and formulating future strategic priorities and setting-up adapted or new projects for SDC in a fragile and complex environment. For 2015-16 the focus is on preparatory work for the Swiss North Africa programme 2017-20.

Objet 85 – 96 de 119