Refugiados y desplazados internos: ayuda humanitaria y protección de las poblaciones

La COSUDE concede su ayuda a los refugiados y desplazados internos. Envía expertos sobre el terreno y da una ayuda financiara a las ONGs y a las agencias humanitarias internacionales. Trabaja asimismo en colaboración con las autoridades locales.

En el punto de mira de la COSUDE

La ayuda humanitaria de COSUDE consagra una parte importante de su compromiso a la supervisión y al apoyo a los refugiados y desplazados internos.

Tres cuartos de los refugiados se concentran en países en vías de desarrollo que no disponen de los medios suficientes para acoger a estas personas en un número elevado y ofrecerles una protección eficaz.  Los que llegan por mar -los llamados «refugiados de las pateras»- no pueden seguir su camino y volver a sus casas. La irregularidad de su situación los expone a amenazas físicas, a ser robados, violados o víctima de la trata de seres humanos.

A diferencia de los refugiados, los desplazados internos no han cruzado la frontera de ningún Estado: se han visto obligados por la fuerza a huir en el interior de su país. Se encuentran bajo la responsabilidad del gobierno afectado y de las autoridades locales que, con frecuencia, no son capaces o no tienen la voluntad de asumir sus responsabilidades al respecto. Así pues, la comunidad internacional asegura su protección ofreciendo una ayuda direecta y desarrollando un marco jurídico adecuado.

Contexto

Las respuestas inmediatas de la COSUDE a la migraciones sucesivas a una crisis se inscriben en el marco de la ayuda de urgencia y de la reconstrucción. Pero el complejo fenómeno mundial de las migraciones requiere muchas más.

Despliegue de expertos

De esta forma, la ayuda humanitaria puede asumir varias formas como, por ejemplo, el despliegue de expertos encargados de la protección de las víctimas de conflictos armados, el apoyo a las autoridades locales, o la distribución de dinero en contante a las familias que acogen a los refugiados, de forma que estas puedan vivir en mejores condiciones.

La DSC mette a disposizione dell'ACNUR esperti del Corpo svizzero di aiuto umanitario (CSA). Nel 2016, 24 esperti del CSA hanno svolto missioni per conto dell'ACNUR in 14 Paesi tra Africa, Asia, America Latina e Medio Oriente. L'ACNUR ha beneficiato delle competenze del CSA in vari settori quali le risorse idriche e il risanamento, la legislazione e la costruzione di ripari.

Así pues, el compromiso de la COSUDE se basa en el concepto interdepartamental de «Protección en la región». El mismo tiene como objetivo suministrar lo antes posible a los refugiados una protección eficaz en su región de origen y ayudar a los principales países de acogida a garantizar a estas personas la protección necesaria. En este sentido, se inscribe la acción de la COSUDE en el Cuerno de África y en Oriente Medio, dos contextos en los que el número de desplazados asciente a millones.

La reconstrucción más allá de la emergencia

Un fenómeno creciente

La inestabilidad de numerosas regiones del mundo obliga a cientos de miles de personas a huir de sus países de origen. Según la ONU, nel 2016, más de  61.4 millones de personas se han visto obligadas a desplazarse debido a un conflicto o a persecuciones.

Compromiso con Siria

Desde 2011 Suiza suministra ayuda humanitaria y protege a las poblaciones afectadas por la crisis siria. La COSUDE les presta su ayuda mediante acciones directas, realizadas por expertos del Cuerpo suizo de Ayuda Humanitaria (CSA) y ofrece una contribución financiera sustancial a la respuesta multilateral del Comité Internacional de la Cruz Roja y las agencias de la ONU, además de apoyar a las ONGs activas en la zona.

Compromiso de Suiza en Siria

Oriente Medio

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 25 – 36 de 47

IDB Migration Initiative (Clean drinking water and sanitation program for la Guajira)

01.10.2019 - 30.09.2022

Switzerland supports to the newly created Migration Initiative of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) that was created in support of Latin American and Caribbean migrants and their host communities and accordingly contributes to deter grave development crisis by empowering communities to foster integration and consequently to strengthen stability of the region and Colombia in particular.


Labour Migration governance for development and integration in Africa

01.10.2019 - 31.12.2025

An effective labour migration governance is an important element of regional economic integration and development. Switzerland has a longstanding expertise in labour migration at the global and regional level and an interest in furthering economic development on the African continent. Through this programme, Switzerland partners with the Africa Union towards the establishment of a permanent coherent mechanism to manage the migration of African migrant workers, thereby contributing to the creation of socio-economic perspectives on the African continent.


Decent Work for Migrant Workers from South Asia (DWSA)

01.08.2019 - 31.07.2023

Labour migration to the Middle East is an important factor in the economic development strategy of many South Asian countries. Due to its known expertise and experience in the areas of decent work and fair recruitment, Switzerland is well placed to contribute to migrants’ access to decent work, thus maximizing the productive potential of migration and addressing irregular and unsafe migration. In the interest of Switzerland, this programme contributes to the prosperity in the region.  


Understanding and Managing internal migration in Mongolia

01.08.2019 - 31.07.2023

This project aims to contribute to improved management of internal migration in Mongolia - the main driving force behind rapid urbanization which poses increasing development challenges to the capital city Ulaanbaatar and rural areas of origin. Consistent integration of the migration perspective into planning and implementation of policies and actions will mitigate negative consequences of unmanaged migration and thus contribute to poverty reduction. Switzerland will add value to the project through its long-standing expertise in the migration field.


Decent Work for Migrants in the Middle East

15.07.2019 - 30.06.2023

This program contributes to decent work opportunities for migrants and refugees in the Middle East which is one of the largest migrant hosting regions globally due to economic demands and displacement from conflict. It complements the focus on Asian migrants with migrants from Africa and seek closer partnership with the private sector. Due to its relevant expertise and experience in decent work and fair recruitment, Switzerland is well placed to contribute to an improved protection and an enhanced wellbeing of migrant workers and self-reliance for refugees, to maximize the productive potential of migration, and to counter irregular and unsafe migration.


Enhance employability of migrants in Urban Cairo

01.07.2019 - 30.06.2023

Food-processing and the food service sector is ranked as Egypt’s second largest manufacturing industry This project supports the employability of vulnerable Egyptians and migrants, especially women, in the food sector.


Return and Reintegration of Migrant Workers in Bangladesh

01.01.2019 - 31.08.2022

The project’s over-arching goal is to make reintegration economically and socially sustainable for returnee migrants, so that they do not feel obliged to re-migrate. The project will raise awareness of the obstacles returnee men and women migrants are facing. The collaboration with European partners will allow to influence the discourse on dignified and development-oriented migration and return in Bangladesh


Application of Migration Policy for Decent Work of Migrant Workers

01.01.2019 - 31.07.2022

Men and women who opt for migrating abroad for employment will benefit from better protection through pre-departure orientation, the application of international standard contracts and access to social security/welfare. The project will improve migration governance in Bangladesh by strengthening the rather weak policy and legislative framework and by building the capacity of the government to expand and improve services for migrant workers.


Ethiopia, IOM - Durable Solutions

10.12.2018 - 09.06.2021

Ethiopia has about 2.1 million internally displaced people (IDPs) mainly due to conflict, drought and flood. Addressing the needs of IDPs has been limited to meeting their short-term humanitarian needs. Given the prolonged economic, social, and gender impacts of displacement on individuals, there is a critical need for longer-term solutions. Switzerland will contribute through IOM to address the long-term needs of the displaced and host communities in their search for self-sufficiency.


Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development (KNOMAD)

01.12.2018 - 31.08.2024

Migration is one of the 21st century’s defining features that significantly impacts economic and social development. It is thus crucial to ensure that the positive effects of migration on development are maximized, while the negative ones minimized. This is only possible if reliable evidence on migration and its interrelations with development is available. KNOMAD generates ground-breaking research and policy recommendations in the field of M&D. Switzerland has taken a lead in building-up KNOMAD as a pioneering knowledge initiative.


Egyptian Red Crescent: Providing primary health care services to migrants and Egyptians in Greater Cairo

01.12.2018 - 31.10.2022

Access to public primary health care for migrants and Egyptians is a serious challenge. By the means of two “Mobile Clinics”, the project will answer to immediate medical needs of migrants and Egyptians in Greater Cairo. Advocacy on protection and health issues among decision makers will contribute to filling the gaps in service delivery. Thanks to its experience and ongoing engagement in health and protection in Egypt, Switzerland is well placed to provide early recovery and self-resilience interventions.


Building Regional and National capacities for improved Migration Governance in the IGAD Region

01.10.2018 - 30.06.2023

The Horn of Africa is of high interest for Switzerland in terms of migration policy. Swiss support to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and its Member States will contribute to improve their capacities to manage migration. Migrants and refugees will be better protected in the region and the contribution of migration to development of the Horn of Africa will be supported, hence stability promoted. The Swiss expertise and engagement at the policy level will contribute to foster a dialogue on migration between Switzerland and the Horn of Africa.

Objeto 25 – 36 de 47