Refugiados y desplazados internos: ayuda humanitaria y protección de las poblaciones

La COSUDE concede su ayuda a los refugiados y desplazados internos. Envía expertos sobre el terreno y da una ayuda financiara a las ONGs y a las agencias humanitarias internacionales. Trabaja asimismo en colaboración con las autoridades locales.

En el punto de mira de la COSUDE

La ayuda humanitaria de COSUDE consagra una parte importante de su compromiso a la supervisión y al apoyo a los refugiados y desplazados internos.

Tres cuartos de los refugiados se concentran en países en vías de desarrollo que no disponen de los medios suficientes para acoger a estas personas en un número elevado y ofrecerles una protección eficaz.  Los que llegan por mar -los llamados «refugiados de las pateras»- no pueden seguir su camino y volver a sus casas. La irregularidad de su situación los expone a amenazas físicas, a ser robados, violados o víctima de la trata de seres humanos.

A diferencia de los refugiados, los desplazados internos no han cruzado la frontera de ningún Estado: se han visto obligados por la fuerza a huir en el interior de su país. Se encuentran bajo la responsabilidad del gobierno afectado y de las autoridades locales que, con frecuencia, no son capaces o no tienen la voluntad de asumir sus responsabilidades al respecto. Así pues, la comunidad internacional asegura su protección ofreciendo una ayuda direecta y desarrollando un marco jurídico adecuado.

Contexto

Las respuestas inmediatas de la COSUDE a la migraciones sucesivas a una crisis se inscriben en el marco de la ayuda de urgencia y de la reconstrucción. Pero el complejo fenómeno mundial de las migraciones requiere muchas más.

Despliegue de expertos

De esta forma, la ayuda humanitaria puede asumir varias formas como, por ejemplo, el despliegue de expertos encargados de la protección de las víctimas de conflictos armados, el apoyo a las autoridades locales, o la distribución de dinero en contante a las familias que acogen a los refugiados, de forma que estas puedan vivir en mejores condiciones.

La DSC mette a disposizione dell'ACNUR esperti del Corpo svizzero di aiuto umanitario (CSA). Nel 2016, 24 esperti del CSA hanno svolto missioni per conto dell'ACNUR in 14 Paesi tra Africa, Asia, America Latina e Medio Oriente. L'ACNUR ha beneficiato delle competenze del CSA in vari settori quali le risorse idriche e il risanamento, la legislazione e la costruzione di ripari.

Así pues, el compromiso de la COSUDE se basa en el concepto interdepartamental de «Protección en la región». El mismo tiene como objetivo suministrar lo antes posible a los refugiados una protección eficaz en su región de origen y ayudar a los principales países de acogida a garantizar a estas personas la protección necesaria. En este sentido, se inscribe la acción de la COSUDE en el Cuerno de África y en Oriente Medio, dos contextos en los que el número de desplazados asciente a millones.

La reconstrucción más allá de la emergencia

Un fenómeno creciente

La inestabilidad de numerosas regiones del mundo obliga a cientos de miles de personas a huir de sus países de origen. Según la ONU, nel 2016, más de  61.4 millones de personas se han visto obligadas a desplazarse debido a un conflicto o a persecuciones.

Compromiso con Siria

Desde 2011 Suiza suministra ayuda humanitaria y protege a las poblaciones afectadas por la crisis siria. La COSUDE les presta su ayuda mediante acciones directas, realizadas por expertos del Cuerpo suizo de Ayuda Humanitaria (CSA) y ofrece una contribución financiera sustancial a la respuesta multilateral del Comité Internacional de la Cruz Roja y las agencias de la ONU, además de apoyar a las ONGs activas en la zona.

Compromiso de Suiza en Siria

Oriente Medio

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 1 – 12 de 44

Strengthening regional cooperation on migration in the Western Balkans

01.06.2025 - 31.12.2027

In light of diversifying migration patterns and challenges with increasing regional dimensions, the migration policy priorities of Western Balkan governments are changing and the relevance of regional dialogue, coordination and cooperation is growing. This proposal seeks to promote coherent and effective regional governance of migration in all its multifaceted dimensions contributing to greater social cohesion and regional integration in the Western Balkans.


Ashshash: for men and women who have escaped trafficking

18.11.2022 - 28.02.2029

20,000 people (of whom 70% women) who have experienced trafficking will be economically and socially rehabilitated. Public and private institutions will provide employment or in-kind support for entrepreneurship to men and women who have escaped trafficking. The Government will better address the prevention of trafficking, protection of victims, prosecution of traffickers in the revision and enacting of policies, and create partnerships, for bringing about systemic changes.


Building Regional and National capacities for improved Migration Governance in the IGAD Region

01.01.2022 - 31.08.2027

The Horn of Africa is of high interest for Switzerland in terms of migration policy. Swiss support to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and its Member States will contribute to improve their migration governance capacities so as to enable the organisation to effectively implement regional, continental and global regulatory standards for the protection of refugees and vulnerable migrants in the region.


SKYE - Skills Development for Youth Employment

01.09.2021 - 28.02.2023

Over 43% of the potential working population in Nigeria is either unemployed or underemployed and Edo State’s employment rate recently dropped below the national average. Edo also constitutes an important source of irregular migration as well as the epicenter of human trafficking in the country. Through its contribution to the SKYE program, Switzerland aims to improve the range of active labor market measures by building capacities within the institutions delivering job-matching services and professional training.


Supporting the Security Sector Reform (SSR) Process in The Gambia

01.07.2021 - 30.06.2024

The Gambia, which is a priority country in regard to Swiss migration interest, initiated a national SSR process in 2017. Based on 3 years of in-depth research and support to this process, in 2021 DCAF launched a new program to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the Gambian security sector. Through its contribution, Switzerland aims to improve the quality of services provided to local communities by the immigration department by strengthening its management and accountability.


Decent work, protection and well-being for migrant workers and their families in Sri Lanka

01.09.2020 - 31.08.2024

The programme aims to maximise the benefits of migration for sustainable development in Sri Lanka. It will support government institutions and other actors in implementing policies related to fair and ethical recruitment, skills development and provide reintegration support for returning migrants in the wake of the COVID-19 crisis. A special focus is placed on elevating migrant workers’ voices in advocacy. The intervention creates entry points to engage with the newly elected government in Sri Lanka. 


PSTIC: Provision of protection and humanitarian assistance to vulnerable migrants in Greater Cairo

21.08.2020 - 31.12.2021

The increase in migrants and refugees residing in Egypt, coupled with shrinking humanitarian funding are leaving many at protection risk. With new challenges due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the protection risks have risen and needs are exacerbated. This project will respond to the immediate protection needs of refugees and migrants by providing a comprehensive package of gender sensitive emergency protection services in Greater Cairo, with a special focus on women and children at risk. 


Mitigating the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic on migrants and their families from Central Asia .

01.08.2020 - 31.05.2021

Migrants from CA and their families are severely impacted by the Covid-19 pandemic. Hundreds of thousands stranded in the RF without income or social protection. Their families are affected too, as they depend on remittances, which do not flow anymore due to the crisis. Contributing to the IOM response plan, Switzerland ensures that migration data gaps are addressed, that the most vulnerable migrants receive assistance, and that migrants’ families get increased access to digital remittances. 


BiH Diaspora Platform

15.07.2020 - 30.06.2024

Switzerland is host to a significant diaspora from Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), including representatives of all nationalities constituting BiH. Since 2017, the i-platform serves as a bridge-builder among the heterogeneous members of the BiH diaspora in Switzerland and between the two countries, facilitating partnerships, know-how transfer, and investments. Through this exit phase, the i-platform shall gain full financial sustainability and become a meaningful and effective diaspora engagement model for development.


The "Bosnia i Herzegovina"-Platform

01.07.2020 - 31.12.2025

The Bosnia i Herzegovina Platform (BiH) is an initiative of diaspora associations that are already involved in development activities. The platform will enhance cooperation and strengthen the diaspora associations’ role as development actors. SDC aims at promoting the potential of migrants for sustainable development mainly through improved framework conditions. The permanent platform as an effective and dynamic network will set the grounds for competent coordination services to diaspora organizations, to the country of destination and to the country of origin.


Global solutions for migration related challenges

01.01.2020 - 31.03.2023

The challenges and opportunities linked to migration require a coordinated response from the international community that goes beyond individual country measures. For this reason, Switzerland works towards an effective global migration governance that enables cooperation among states and other stakeholders (private sector, civil society). Switzerland also supports evidence-based policy making and the development of global solutions to contemporary migration challenges that benefit migrants and their families, as well as countries of origin and destination.


Migration de travail et développement économique en Afrique de l'Ouest

01.01.2020 - 31.05.2025

La migration en Afrique de l’Ouest est en grande partie intra régionale, et se fait principalement à des fins de travail. Grâce à sa longue expérience en migration et développement (M&D), la Suisse vise à faciliter la contribution des migrant-e-s au développement socio-économique de la sous-région par la voie d'initiatives qui ont trait à leur protection, leur meilleure inclusion dans les zones urbaines, ainsi qu’à leur plus grande implication dans les trajectoires de développement des pays concernés. 

Objeto 1 – 12 de 44