Igualdad y derechos de las mujeres en los conflictos y en los contextos frágiles

Unas niñas con pañuelos blancos hacen fila. Una niña mira hacia atrás.
En las situaciones de conflicto y posconflicto, las mujeres tienen necesidades, papeles y vulnerabilidades diferentes. © ONU foto/Olivier Chassot

La COSUDE promueve los derechos de las mujeres y de las niñas en los conflictos y adopta medidas para prevenir la violencia de género. Fomenta, además, la participación de las mujeres en los procesos de paz, de transformación y de construcción del Estado.

En el punto de mira de la COSUDE

Fortalecer los derechos de las mujeres y de las niñas en contextos frágiles e integrar la dimensión de género en sus estrategias y proyectos conforme al Plan de Acción Nacional 1325 (PAN 1325) es un objetivo fundamental para la COSUDE. Mediante el PAN 1325, Suiza cumple con los compromisos de la Resolución 1325 del Consejo de Seguridad de las Naciones Unidas, aprobada en el año 2000, que fue la primera en mencionar las consecuencias de los conflictos armados en las mujeres y las niñas. Al mismo tiempo, la Resolución 1325 se distingue por destacar la importancia fundamental de la participación de las mujeres para el éxito de los procesos de paz.

La COSUDE persigue dos objetivos principales para aplicar esa Resolución:

1. Intensificar sus actividades en materia de prevención y protección frente a la violencia de género, prestando una atención especial a las fases posteriores al conflicto (contextos de posconflicto), así como a las crisis humanitarias. La COSUDE concede especial importancia a la implicación de los hombres y de los chicos en sus proyectos.

2. Potenciar la participación de las mujeres y la integración de la perspectiva de género en los procesos locales de paz, de transformación y de construcción del Estado.

Contexto

En las situaciones de conflicto y posconflicto, las mujeres y los hombres tienen necesidades, papeles y vulnerabilidades diferentes. Así, por ejemplo,  las mujeres se ven especialmente afectadas por la violencia de género. Mientras que ellas a menudo se ven rechazadas por su comunidad después de haber sido violadas, el tabú que pesa sobre la violencia sexual de los hombres ejercida sobre otros hombres es asimismo un problema importante. La COSUDE procura considerar a los hombres tanto como víctimas como perpetradores.

Además, la COSUDE intenta involucrar más a las mujeres en los procesos nacionales y locales de gobernanza y de consolidación de la paz por la innegable influencia positiva que ellas ejercen. Por otra parte, la COSUDE persigue una mayor implicación de los hombres en las actividades de prevención y de fomento de la igualdad con el fin de que ellos también sean abanderados de esta causa, no solo en interés de las mujeres sino también del conjunto de la sociedad.

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 13 – 24 de 50

Promotion and respect of human rights, gender equality and the international humanitarian law

01.06.2021 - 31.12.2023

Switzerland aims at enhancing prospects for Palestinians to live in dignity, prosperity and peace with Israel, via the respect and promotion of human rights, including gender equality, international humanitarian law and the rule of law by all duty bearers. To this end, SDC supports ten Palestinian and Israeli human rights and humanitarian law organizations active in the oPt, which provide legal aid and protection services to the population and advocate for the respect of the international law. 


Scaling-up improved sanitation – Bridging Phase Sanitation and Hygiene Fund (SHF)

01.05.2021 - 28.02.2023

Investments in Sanitation, Hygiene and Menstrual Health are crucial to achieving the SDGs. The recently launched and UN-led Sanitation and Hygiene Fund (SHF) aims to fill a gaping void in the international response to the sanitation, hygiene and menstrual health crisis. With this project, Switzerland supports the SHF in its operational set-up, starting country readiness work, resource mobilization and to become operational by early 2022


SYP Safeguard Young People in Eastern African countries

01.03.2021 - 28.02.2024

The SYP program contributes to improve sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of young people, thus  reducing gender based health inequities. It supports the adoption, domestication and implementation of policies, and strengthens young people’s competencies on and access to SRHR services. The expansion to Tanzania and Rwanda leverages on the  experience in Southern Africa financed by SDC, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)’s thematic expertise and convening power.


Financial support to the Programme of Work and Budget of the OECD Development Center 2021-2022

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2022

The Development Center of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development is a policy oriented institution which conducts studies and provides platforms for dialogues and knowledge sharing between OECD and non OECD countries. Switzerland’s support to the Center contributes to the development of inclusive and responsive public policies that foster sustainable and inclusive growth with the objective to reduce poverty and inequalities in emerging and developing economies.  


Civil Society Support in Bosnia and Herzegovina

01.12.2020 - 31.05.2027

Citizens will increase their influence on policy making through their active engagement with civil society organisations. Through improvement of their know-how on civic participation and engagement in civil society alliances, civil society organisations will effectively participate in democratic processes, demand reforms from the authorities, and contribute to social change in Bosnia and Herzegovina. They will increasingly act as advocates for democratic reforms, gender equality, human rights and social inclusion rather than as service providers.


Supporting Small-scale Dairy Production

01.10.2020 - 30.09.2024

This contribution aims at improving economic empowerment and resilience of women dairy producers in Abkhazia and Samegrelo. The protracted conflict in Abkhazia impedes socio-economic development, leading to high poverty and vulnerability to external shocks, as COVID-19. Women are particularly vulnerable, as they are also victims of gender-based discrimination and domestic violence. Farmer Field Schools will empower women by enhancing their technical and leadership skills.


O3+ Our Rights, Our Lives, Our Future

01.10.2020 - 14.09.2025

This project uses targeted interventions in post-secondary educational institutions in Zambia and Zimbabwe to improve access to sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) among 18-24 year-olds. Working with UNESCO and Ministries of Higher and Tertiary Education, the project brings Switzerland’s lengthy experience in the HIV/SRHR field to bear by targeting an often neglected cohort of young people with tailored interventions to reduce HIV infections, unintended pregnancies, and gender-based violence. 


PSTIC: Provision of protection and humanitarian assistance to vulnerable migrants in Greater Cairo

21.08.2020 - 31.12.2021

The increase in migrants and refugees residing in Egypt, coupled with shrinking humanitarian funding are leaving many at protection risk. With new challenges due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the protection risks have risen and needs are exacerbated. This project will respond to the immediate protection needs of refugees and migrants by providing a comprehensive package of gender sensitive emergency protection services in Greater Cairo, with a special focus on women and children at risk. 


Combating Gender-Based Violence in Mongolia

01.08.2020 - 31.07.2023

Aiming at sustainable change of behaviour and mental disposition, the 2nd phase of this project seeks to protect the victims of Gender-based Violence (GBV), women/girls and men/boys, and to mitigate the root causes of violence. This follow-up phase focuses on the consolidation and institutionalization of GBV prevention and response mechanism. The project is in line with Mongolia’s and Switzerland’s commitment to combat GBV and gender inequalities.


COVID-19 - Prevention and Recovery in the Mekong Region

01.08.2020 - 30.09.2022

Vulnerable groups in Laos and Cambodia suffered disproportionally from the Covid-19 socio-economic crisis affecting their income, as well as access to public services and employment. Swiss support will combine institutional strengthening of local actors and provision of public services, skills development, access to credit and support to returning migrants. The long-term experience of Switzerland and trusted relationships with governments add value to the intervention


GBVPR - Gender-based Violence Prevention and Response Project

01.07.2020 - 04.08.2024

With its longstanding experience in promoting psychosocial support services and a strong engagement in support of federal state building, Switzerland is well positioned to engage on reducing all forms of GBV and discrimination against women in Nepal. The project aims at strengthening and institutionalizing a coordinated, survivor-centred response for GBV victims, addressing root causes and engaging with all government levels for a more gender equitable policy environment. 


Decent Work and Income Security for Women through Inclusive Growth and Investments in the Care Economy (ILO and UN Women)

15.06.2020 - 31.08.2023

Decent work and income security for women is the objective of Switzerland’s contribution to the joint ILO/UN Women programme. It will bring gender into the focus of macro-level and national policy planning, helping to translate global research into national action. Switzerland supports this systemic approach as it strengthens the economic independence of women and men. Switzerland provides direct channels to link the international policy dialogue in Geneva with countries in the global South.

Objeto 13 – 24 de 50