The effects of climate change are felt both locally and globally. Because climate change impacts both individuals and entire societies, adaptations at the local and global levels are necessary. This is particularly evident in China, a country that spans several climatic zones, from the tropical monsoon climate of the south to the coniferous forest climate in the north-east. People in some regions of China suffer from water scarcity while those who live in other regions have to contend with flooding. Climate change represents major challenges for China, not least with respect to food and water security.
First result: national adaptation strategy
In order to strengthen China's resilience to the negative effects of climate change, the SDC is supporting the "Adapting to Climate Change in China" (ACCC) project. Since its launch in 2009, the ACCC project has brought Chinese scientists and decision makers to the table to tackle issues related to climate change. The project thereby made a significant contribution to the development of China's National Adaptation Strategy (NAS), which was published in November 2013. In addition, risk analyses pertaining to agriculture, water resources, extreme weather events and health have been conducted. Among other findings, these analyses show, first, that higher yields can be expected from the cultivation of maize in the south-west of the country than in the east, where declining harvests are highly likely and, second, that declining rice yields are also to be expected owing to an increased frequency of extreme weather events. The ACCC project has developed adaptation measures based on these findings.
The project focuses on priority areas that are especially strongly affected by climate change:
- Combating desertification
- Pasture farming and livestock production
- Disaster risk reduction
- Coastal zone management
ACCC is active nationally and in six northern and southern provinces and municipalities of China: Ningxia, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Jilin, Jiangxi, Guizhou and Qingdao. The project is identifying and initiating appropriate measures in each of these areas to address the effects of climate change on the development of the provinces.
Transfer of knowledge via international networks
The project makes the lessons, results and experiences garnered as widely available as possible, for example through international networks and direct contacts with other countries in Asia and Africa. ACCC gathers international and Chinese expertise to meet the challenge of climate change adaptation. These experiences were presented at two high-level international conferences, the United Nations climate change conferences in Warsaw (CoP 19) and in Lima (CoP 21).