Cualquier persona tiene derecho al agua y al saneamiento

19.11.2015, Distrito Chiredzi, Zimbaue, Letrina de la Escuela Primaria «Ruware».
El acceso al agua y al saneamiento es un derecho humano. Escolares se lavan las manos delante de la letrina de la Escuela Primaria «Ruware» en el Distrito Chiredzi, Zimbaue. © Andreas Steiner, COSUDE

Actualmente, existen cerca de 844 millones de personas sin acceso al agua potable. La COSUDE se esfuerza por que los seres humanos cuenten con un suministro fiable de agua potable y con servicios de saneamiento suficientes. El acceso al agua potable y al saneamiento, reconocido desde el 2010 como un derecho humano, es primordial para garantizar la satisfacción de las necesidades humanas básicas.

En el punto de mira de la COSUDE

El agua es un bien común y su acceso, así como al saneamiento, es un derecho humano.

La COSUDE se esfuerza por que los seres humanos dispongan de un suministro en agua potable y por que puedan mantener una higiene correcta gracias a la presencia de instalaciones sanitarias, así como por fomentar el tratamiento de las aguas residuales. Suiza cuenta con una vasta y reconocida experiencia a escala internacional en materia de agua y apoya un gran número de actividades:

  • Investigación aplicada e innovación
  • Mecanismo de financiación mundial destinado a mejorar el acceso al agua y a las instalaciones de saneamiento
  • Desarrollo de nuevos enfoques para conseguir servicios y nuevas cooperaciones con el sector privado «water stewardship»
  • Ampliación de los programas que cubren las infraestructuras. Garantiza también el buen funcionamiento de las instalaciones mediante el fomento de la capacitación y la formación.

Las experiencias registradas integran a la COSUDE en el diálogo político entre los gobiernos, el sector privado y la sociedad civil con el fin de promover un aprendizaje mutuo e impulsar la aplicación de soluciones operativas y sostenibles a lo largo de todo el planeta.

Contexto

Se estima que hoy día cerca de 844 millones de personas carecen de acceso al agua potable. Además, 2300 millones de personas viven sin instalaciones sanitarias adecuadas y 892 millones siguen practicando la defecación al aire libre.

Estas condiciones de higiene deficiente son responsables del 80% de las enfermedades que afectan a los países en desarrollo. En el mundo, cada día mueren 1000 niños menores de 5 años por una enfermedad diarreica. Sin embargo, el problema no radica en la falta de agua sino, más bien, en la ausencia de compromisos financieros, nacionales e internacionales para poder permitir el acceso del agua con un nivel adecuado de calidad a los lugares donde sea necesario. Por esta razón, la COSUDE aboga por la cooperación con todos los actores implicados con el objetivo de crear un sistema que permita a cualquier persona el acceso al agua potable limpia a largo plazo.

Documentos

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 61 – 72 de 97

Gaza Vulnerable Communities Development- GVCD (Phase 1)

01.10.2017 - 31.12.2021

In the first phase of this project, SDC will support selected Municipalities in the Gaza Strip to improve the delivery of services through the Municipal Development and Lending Fund (MDLF): small-scale infrastructure projects targeting vulnerable communities and capacity development activities to enhance the participation of these communities in local decision-making processes will be implemented. This project is aligned with Palestine National Policy Agenda (2017-2022), and Swiss Cooperation Strategy for the oPt (2015-2018).


Global Water Security and Sanitation Partnership to achieve a water-secure world for all

01.09.2017 - 31.12.2030

The Global Water Security and Sanitation Partnership (GWSP) of the World Bank Water Global Practice is a global partnership with the objective to address the water and sanitation challenge in an integrated manner, as set out by the Global Sustainable Development Goal 6. This SDC support will promote innovative global knowledge production and exchange, dialogue and partnerships, as well as country-level support across regions at global scale.


IRQ Oxfam – Integrated WASH and Protection response to conflict affected communities in Diyala governorate

01.09.2017 - 28.02.2020

A majority of people living in rural northern Diyala do not have access to potable water which results in communities utilizing unsafe sources like rivers and irrigation channels. The lack of solid waste management systems further aggravates the poor health conditions within this area. This project aims at reducing water and sanitation related risks and increasing access to clean water for IDPs, returnees and host communities living in the districts of Kifri and Khanaqin. It also helps particularly vulnerable families access protection services.


Sierra Leone Landslide: Contribution to IFRC Emergency Appeal

23.08.2017 - 24.08.2018

On the night of 13 August 2017, the city of Freetown in Sierra Leone and its outskirts experienced torrential rains and landslides. At least 400 people were killed following the collapse of a hillside. 600 people are still missing and 3’000 were displaced. Through this contribution, Switzerland will assist 9’600 victims and affected people in Freetown with emergency and recovery services to improve the condition of shelter, water sanitation and hygiene as well as health care.



Mercy Corps: Rapid responses to movements of populations through cash based programming

01.08.2017 - 08.06.2018

Eastern DRC has faced a crisis for over twenty years and humanitarian needs remain acute. A combination of persistent armed conflict, forced and prolonged displacements, epidemics poor governance and poor service delivery have fostered high vulnerability within the population. Providing multi-sectoral assistance will helpp address the diversity of needs in communities in crisis, especially those of displaced people. SDC's contribution to Mercy Corps (MC) is specifically earmarked to provide assistance through unconditional, multi-purpose cash transfers. 


Support to Decentralization in Ukraine (DESPRO)

01.07.2017 - 31.12.2021

Switzerland’s continued support to decentralization and local governance reform in Ukraine builds upon the good results achieved in previous phases. By strengthening capacities of the key national reform stakeholders and improving national policies, SDC will contribute to further advancing the reform. Local governments will be capacitated to effectively use newly transferred competences and resources to provide quality public services (in particular water supply & sanitation and solid waste management) to citizens.


LEB – Improved Water Resources Monitoring and Integrated Water Resources Management in the North of Lebanon

01.07.2017 - 30.09.2021

For over five years now, the Syria crisis is continuing to affect middle-income neighbouring countries. As a result, Lebanon hosts the highest number of refugees per capita in the world. The weak governance of the Government has been worsened with the burden of the refugees from Syria and Palestine who use the same overstretched infrastructure and public services. The project aims at enabling the water authorities to better manage the water sector for the benefit of the vulnerable communities in the North of the country.


Potable Water Management Programme (PWMP) in Upper Egypt

01.07.2017 - 31.12.2027

Egypt is a water scarce country and has enormous needs in better managing water resources and reducing water losses as well as water consumption, as a prerequisite for inclusive economic development. This programme contributes to improved potable water management and service provision in the targeted affiliated Water & Wastewater Companies (WWCs) and to providing equal access to a reliable potable water supply system to deprived and informal areas in the economically disadvantaged governorates of Upper Egypt.


JOR Sanitation Solutions for Underserved Communities in Jordan

01.07.2017 - 30.06.2027

In Jordan water supply from conventional water sources has come to its limits. Appropriate sanitation solutions will minimize the risks for public health and reduce the hazards of environmental pollution. Additionally these will cut the costs for sanitation operations and free resources for other purposes. Thus the project will contribute to the much needed decoupling of population and economic growth from resource consumption and pollution of the environment.


Sanitation Solutions for Underserved Communities in Jordan

01.07.2017 - 31.05.2022

The amount of water available from conventional sources in Jordan is decreasing dangerously, the population is increasing constantly and additional sources are needed urgently. By using treated wastewater as an alternative resource Jordan could reduce its dependence on fresh water. Proven Swiss expertise in the sanitation sector aims at increasing the efficiency of wastewater treatment systems and on turning wastewater streams into physical and financial resources. This will not only provide additional water but also reduce health risks and protect groundwater.


Potable Water Management Programme (PWMP) in Upper Egypt – Phase 1

01.07.2017 - 31.12.2021

Egypt is a water scarce country and has critical needs in better managing water resources and reducing water losses as well as water consumption. Switzerland can share its know-how in the water sector. This programme contributes to equitable access to safely managed water to deprived and informal settlement areas in the economically disadvantaged governorate of Aswan in Upper Egypt and to improved potable water management and service provision in Aswan Water & Sanitation Company (AWSC).

Objeto 61 – 72 de 97