Moldova

La cooperación suiza apoya a la transición de la República de Moldavia facilitando el acceso a servicios públicos de calidad a todos sus habitantes, en particular a la población rural y grupos desfavorecidos. La reforma del sistema sanitario, el fortalecimiento de la gobernanza local, así como el desarrollo económico

Mapa de Moldavia
© DFAE

Moldavia es uno de los países más pobres del continente europeo. Una de las razones de esta situación es la Guerra Civil de Transnistria, conflicto aún no resuelto que, desde 1992, ha llevado a un deterioro de la coyuntura económica y, con ello, a una serie de repercusiones negativas.

La República de Moldavia ha logrado avanzar en varios ámbitos y cuenta con un sólido crecimiento económico. Sin embargo, la nación está todavía confrontada a importantes desafíos: es necesario reformar el sistema sanitario. Además el acceso a los servicios públicos está limitado, particularmente en las zonas rurales. Por otra parte, la significativa emigración, la elevada proporción de economía sumergida y un débil sector privado impiden que la economía se desarrolle a la altura de su potencial.

Temas COSUDE

Salud

El estado de salud de la población en la República de Moldavia se encuentra claramente por debajo de la media europea. La esperanza de vida de 70 años es corta, no hay garantía de acceso a servicios sanitarios básicos en las zonas rurales, y la población tampoco está suficientemente cubierta contra riesgos financieros debidos a gastos excesivos. Por ello, la COSUDE brinda asistencia a la República de Moldavia en sus esfuerzos por reformar el sistema sanitario a fin de lograr el acceso a servicios de calidad para todos. Otro enfoque del compromiso suizo constituye en la adopción de medidas de concientización i para prevenir enfermedades no transmisibles (por ejemplo, diabetes, enfermedades cardiovasculares, cáncer) e informar acerca de las ventajas de un estilo de vida saludable.

Salud 

Gestión gubernamental democrática

En el pasado, Suiza favoreció activamente el suministro de agua generalizado e instalaciones sanitarias en la República de Moldavia. Lamentablemente, la introducción de mejoras cuantificables no se ha concretado   en mejores servicios sanitarios a escala local. Para corregir esta disfunción, la COSUDE, desde 2018, ha incorporado el fortalecimiento de la gobernanza local a su portafolio de actividades. El objetivo es incrementar los recursos a disposición de las autoridades locales y lograr una participación más amplia de la población, a nivel local, a fin de incluir sus necesidades e intereses en la toma de decisiones políticas.

Desarrollo económico y empleo

La baja tasa de empleo y el volumen importante de emigración representan desafíos demográficos y sociales de gran envergadura para la República de Moldavia y frenan el desarrollo económico. Para alcanzar un crecimiento económico sostenible, que beneficie a todos, es preciso fomentar la creación de puestos de trabajo en el sector privado. Las empresas deben ser más competitivas para poder ofrecer puestos de trabajo mejor remunerados. Por lo tanto, Suiza brinda apoyo en tres medidas siguientes en el ámbito laboral:

  • Respaldar a las empresas para crear nuevos puestos de trabajo

  • Ofrecer una formación profesional conforme a las exigencias del mercado laboral

  • Extender la oferta de servicios públicos de empleo

Estas medidas tienen como objetivo contribuir a reducir la pobreza, al disminuir la tasa de desocupación, y al aumentar los ingresos de los trabajadores. Finalmente, estas mejoras resultarían en un menor número de transferencias de dinero por parte de familiares en el extranjero. Finalmente, estas mejoras resultarían en un menor número de transferencias de dinero por parte de familiares en el extranjero. 

Enfoque y contrapartes

Suiza coordina estrechamente sus actividades de cooperación al desarrollo con las autoridades locales, otros países donantes y organizaciones internacionales como la ONU y la UE. Todos los programas de Suiza integran los principios de buena gobernanza e igualdad de género.

Los principales socios de Suiza en la República de Moldavia son:

  • ONG suizas y organizaciones contrapartes: SKAT Consulting Ltd, Schweizerisches Tropen- und Public Health-Institut (Instituto Suizo de Salud Pública y Tropical), Helvetas-Swiss Intercooperation, Swisscontact, Terre des Hommes, Caritas Schweiz, HEKS, Pestalozzi, etc.
  • Contrapartes nacionales: Ministerio de Agricultura, Desarrollo Regional y Medio Ambiente; Ministerio de Salud Pública, Empleo y Asuntos Sociales; Ministerio de Educación, Cultura e Investigación; autoridades locales y municipales, organizaciones de la sociedad civil y profesionales; sector privado y ONG locales, etc.
  • Contrapartes bilaterales y multilaterales: Alemania (Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung, BMZ; Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, GIZ; Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau, KfW), Austria (Austrian Development Agency, ADA), Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD), UE, UNICEF, etc. 

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 1 – 12 de 13

Nurturing Active and Responsible Citiziens

01.01.2027 - 31.12.2030

Molodova's democracy is still young and fragile. The population is disinclined to participate in decision-making, to practice democrtatic values and to demand their rights. Schools have an important role in educating active and responsive citizens, but are not well prepared for it. By improving democratic school governance and introducing practical civic education, Switzerland will support Moldova in raising civic consciousness of chlidren and adolescents, and engaging them in ther communities.


Engaged People - Strong municipalities

01.11.2023 - 31.12.2030

Molodova has the most fragmented sytem of local governments in the South-East Europe. People's dissatisfaction with quality of services is high and participatory decision-making is not common. Local governance reforms launched by the Government are being pursued in a centralized manner. Switzerland will support moldova through a two-pronged approach supporting citizens (in enhancing participation and social accountability) and institutions (in improving public service provision), particularly in rural areas.  


Creating Jobs Opportunities Through Improved Market Systems

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2030

Job creation is crucial for inclusive economic growth and sustainable poverty reduction. It is also vital for reducing the long-term outward migration trend of Moldova’s workforce. This program contributes to the creation of attractive job opportunities, especially for young people, by enhancing the competitiveness of local private enterprises. Following a market systems development approach, it aims to remove key constraints that hamper the proper functioning of markets for the benefit of the poor and excluded


Resilient, Inclusive Markets in Moldova

01.12.2022 - 31.12.2024

Moldova's growth is volatile and jobless. More and better jobs are needed to ensure its economic recovery, resilience and development, particularly outside large cities. Responding to the Government's request, Switzerland will contribute to supporting key markets in Moldova and, with the help of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), focusing on local markets and value-chains in vulnerable regions. This is complemented by a separate SECO project supporting the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and Decent Work Country Programme of Moldova.


Strengthening Access to Services for Ukrainian Refugees through Legal Aid

15.11.2022 - 14.11.2023

As a right and a precondition for the enjoyment of all human rights, legal aid promotes peaceful and inclusive societies. The project enhances the access to legal services for Ukrainian refugees through a regional approach building local capacities and enhancing cross-border collaboration. The project opens an avenue for Switzerland to contribute to durable solutions and to channel advocacy messages at national and regional level on the protection of the rights of forcibly displaced populations. 


Strengthening national capacities to address radio-nuclear threats in Moldova

15.10.2022 - 30.06.2023

Moldovan health service providers will be equipped and trained to manage and monitor possible radioactive contamination in Moldova caused by nuclear emergencies in Ukraine. By increasing the national capacity to protect the health professionals from exposure of radio-nuclear emissions, Switzerland contributes to the strengthened preparedness to enhance resilient and responsive health system in Moldova that is able to deal with increased threats caused by the conflict in Ukraine.


Job Creation and Skills Development

01.07.2022 - 30.09.2025

Better market-oriented skills and job prospects are key building blocks for fostering inclusive economic development in Moldova. Building on positive results achieved since 2017, Switzerland will continue strengthening public institutions, private sector stakeholders and excluded groups (rural youth, minorities, migrants) with a four-year contribution to a GIZ programme with a special focus on supporting dual professional education as well as SMEs and smart investment policies.


Small Project Credit for the Swiss Cooperation Office in Moldova

01.06.2022 - 31.05.2025

This credit line provides the Swiss Cooperation Office in Moldova with a flexible instrument to provide direct support for local partners to help them respond to the changing context and to build social cohesion, affected by multiple crises. It contributes to further strengthening civil society in both rural and urban areas of Moldova. The support, provided to interested applicants through an open competition of small grants, has a countrywide coverage and includes the Transnistrian region.


Moldova - Making the Most of Migration

01.01.2019 - 31.05.2023

One third of Moldovans already live abroad and the Government acknowledges that migration can bring many opportunities, if addressed and managed properly. SDC`s previous interventions resulted in a unique mobilization of migrants committed to contribute to the development of their home communities. Switzerland will further support Moldova in building a favorable environment for migrants to invest in their home country, as well as to provide good quality return and reintegration services.


Fostering Active Civic Engagement

01.07.2018 - 30.09.2030

Moldova’s democracy is still young and fragile. The population is hesitant to participate in decision-making and to demand their rights. Good-quality civic education is an essential element for promoting democratic values, raising awareness about the rights and responsibilities of every citizen, and for stimulating a stronger civic engagement. Switzerland supports Moldova in providing children and adolescents with opportunities to apply civic learning inside and outside the classroom.


Ma lmplic - Project on civic engagement in local governance

01.05.2018 - 31.10.2023

Moldovan local public administrations are often unable to respond to the needs of the population in an inclusive and sustainable way. Capacity to hold local authorities accountable is poor and citizens are reluctant to engage in public affairs. Switzerland will support Moldova to enhance participation in local development and decision-making, to further improve public service provision in rural areas and ensure a better framework for decentralisation. A strong focus will be put on the inclusion of excluded groups.

 


Progressing towards Universal Health Coverage in Moldova

01.11.2017 - 30.04.2024

Through this project, Switzerland will support the Moldovan government's efforts to ensure access to healthcare services for all and to protect the population against impoverishing health expenditures. This will be achieved through making services more affordable and more accessible for the poorest and the most vulnerable. The population will be empowered to demand transparency and accountability in the healthcare system. 

Objeto 1 – 12 de 13