Asia Central (Kirguizistán, Tayikistán, Uzbekistán)

En tres países de Asia Central, Kirguizistán, Tayikistán y Uzbekistán, los siguientes ejes temáticos son centrales en el compromiso de Suiza: agua, gobernanza y desarrollo económico sostenible. Suiza fomenta asimismo la adopción de medidas para mitigar los efectos del cambio climático y brinda apoyo a la cooperación regional. 

Mapa de la región Asia Central (Kirguistán, Tayikistán, Uzbekistán)
© DFAE

La región de Asia Central está compuesta por cinco países –Kazajstán, Kirguistán, Tayikistán, Turkmenistán y Uzbekistán– que lograron su independencia como resultado de la disolución de la Unión Soviética en 1991 y desde entonces evolucionaron de manera diferente. Sin embargo, deben aún hacer frente a desafíos de desarrollo similares, tales como el acceso limitado a procesos de toma de decisiones políticas y dificultades en el desarrollo de una economía diversificada. El cambio climático ejercerá asimismo una influencia determinante en la disponibilidad de recursos hídricos en la región. En Asia Central, Suiza se compromete por la paz, el bienestar y la cohesión social y brinda apoyo a proyectos destinados a mitigar los efectos del cambio climático. Su labor está orientada a los objetivos de desarrollo sostenible (ODS) de la Agenda 2030 de la ONU. 

Agua, infraestructura y cambio climático

Uso sostenible del valioso recurso

Suiza apoya a los países de Asia Central a adoptar medidas concertadas, basadas en enfoques científicos, destinadas a fomentar un uso sostenible, inclusivo y resiliente desde el punto de vista climático de sus escasos recursos hídricos. El objetivo es proteger a la población de las catástrofes naturales y facilitar su acceso al agua potable y a instalaciones de tratamiento de aguas residuales. Para ello, Suiza fomenta la planificación y el uso sostenibles de las cuencas hidrográficas y la firme aplicación del principio de gestión integrada de los recursos hídricos (GIRH) en la legislación nacional. Se promueve además la cooperación transfronteriza en el ámbito del agua y de la hidrodiplomacia.

El agua, un recurso vital amenazado

Gobernanza, derechos humanos y servicios públicos

Gobernanza inclusiva y responsable

El contexto nacional y político de los países de Asia Central presenta diferencias considerables. Suiza ofrece, por ello, una labor de apoyo en materia de gobernanza igualmente diversificada. En los tres países en los que interviene, Suiza ayuda a la población a que participe en la toma de decisiones políticas que le conciernen, conozca sus derechos y exprese sus opiniones. Además, Suiza respalda a las autoridades locales a fin de que realicen su trabajo de manera más eficiente y transparente y se compromete por las minorías étnicas y otros grupos de población especialmente vulnerables.

Abogacía y buena gobernanza

Desarrollo económico sostenible

Empresas respetuosas con el medio ambiente y oportunidades para todos

La economía de Asia Central ha sufrido mucho los efectos de la Covid-19. Suiza ayuda a los países a que se recuperen y reconstruyan una economía resiliente e inclusiva. Promueve a tal efecto reformas que establezcan condiciones económicas más favorables, ayuda a las empresas a crear puestos de trabajo y se compromete por un sector financiero responsable, inclusivo y transparente. Asimismo, Suiza fomenta la formación de trabajadoras y trabajadores en áreas seleccionadas, pertinentes para el mercado laboral.

Desarrollo del sector privado y servicios financieros

La educación básica y la formación profesional

Enfoque y socios

Suiza apoya las continuas reformas en Asia Central desde comienzos de los años 90 y coordina estrechamente sus actividades con contrapartes implicadas. 

La estrategia de cooperación 2022-2025 se aplica conjuntamente por la Agencia Suiza para el Desarrollo y la Cooperación (COSUDE) y la Secretaría de Estado de Economía (SECO).

Algunos socios importantes de Suiza en Asia Central son:

  • Organizaciones no gubernamentales locales e internacionales
  • Organizaciones multilaterales, p. ej. PNUD, instituciones financieras de desarrollo (BERD, BAsD), instituciones de Bretton Woods
  • Organizaciones de la sociedad civil
  • Socios nacionales del sector público y privado

Enlaces

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 1 – 12 de 29


«Bai Alai» Small Business and Income Creation in Alai and Chon-Alai

01.06.2022 - 31.05.2024

Alai and Chon Alai are two of the poorest regions in Kyrgyzstan. The project aims at increasing economic inclusion of producing households through increased income and employment, with the focus on women and youth. During this exit phase (III) the project capitalizes and disseminates good practices in apiculture and cattle, and continues activities handicraft and tourism value chains, until phasing out in May 2024.


Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation Management

01.03.2022 - 28.02.2026

The project will allow people to use safe and affordable drinking water as well as equitable sanitation and hygiene thereby progressing towards the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 in Tajikistan. An integrated planning approach supports the building of the local and national capacities and strengthen the policy frameworks to enable sustainable Water Sanitation and Hygiene WASH services to the population of Eastern Khatlon and Gorno-Badakshan Autonomous Oblast (GBAO).


Medical Education Reform

01.09.2021 - 31.08.2024

The project is improving the quality of health services through well-trained health professionals. The exit phase will strengthen professional associations, modernize nursing education and establish an independent competency assessment centre. The Ministry of Health and Social Development delegated the competency development and assessment role to the Professional Associations, which are the key partners to implement the project’s interventions.


Access to Justice project in Tajikistan

01.07.2021 - 31.07.2025

This exit phase of the Access to Justice (A2J) in Tajikistan will solidify the free public legal aid system to vulnerable individuals with respect to their legal claims (e.g. child allowances, spouse support etc.). It will also entirely transmit the aid system to the state budget and to the institutional management by the Ministry of Justice of Tajikistan in order to achieve full financial sustainability of access to Justice for the most vulnerable ones.


Cryospheric Observation and Modelling for improved Adaptation in Central Asia (CROMO-ADAPT)

01.04.2021 - 31.12.2025

Climate change in Central Asia mountain regions will have significant impacts on water availability and occurrence of natural hazards. This project strengthens the glacier, snow and permafrost monitoring systems and capacities in Central Asia, develops user-oriented climate information services, and supports the planning of adaptation measures to increase resilience to climate change. The project builds on Swiss expertise in monitoring and adaptation in alpine water and disaster risk management.


Sustainable Economic Development: ph. 02

01.03.2021 - 28.02.2023

In the southern provinces of Kyrgyzstan, many households are still excluded from economic activities and depend on remittances. The current Covid-19 pandemic further weakens these families. The project will improve the quality of agricultural products and develop new market opportunities to increase the resilience of target groups. Best practices from phase 1 will be scaled up to other regions.


Facilitating Safe and Skilled Migration on the Central Asia - Russian Federation/Kazakhstan Corridor

01.12.2020 - 31.12.2025

Labor migration to Russia and Kazakhstan constitute a lifeline for millions of families in Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, but its poor regulation negatively affects its development benefits. The program aims at enhancing labor mobility governance along the Central Asia-Russia/Kazakhstan migration corridor. By facilitating pre-departure orientation and skills-matching interventions for prospective migrants, it will foster migrant workers’ protection and enhancethe livelihood perspectives for the poorest in Central Asia. The program builds on Swiss migration expertise and contributes to the strategic link between international cooperation and migration policy.


Health Facilities Autonomy

01.08.2020 - 31.07.2024

Strong management and leadership’s capacity of decision-makers and health managers is central for a successful health reform. The project strengthens the health management system by modernizing continuous skills development and by updating regulations towards a transparent and competency based appointment as well as performance assessment of health managers.

 

 


Mitigating the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic on migrants and their families from Central Asia .

01.08.2020 - 31.05.2021

Migrants from CA and their families are severely impacted by the Covid-19 pandemic. Hundreds of thousands stranded in the RF without income or social protection. Their families are affected too, as they depend on remittances, which do not flow anymore due to the crisis. Contributing to the IOM response plan, Switzerland ensures that migration data gaps are addressed, that the most vulnerable migrants receive assistance, and that migrants’ families get increased access to digital remittances. 


Support to Vocational Education and Training (VET) Reforms in Uzbekistan

01.08.2020 - 31.12.2025

The main goal of the Support to Vocational Education and Training Reforms Project (SVRP) is to contribute to more gainful employment of VET graduates through improved access to the labour market. This will be achieved through a systemic approach supporting capacity development and better coordination among key government institutions and VET providers, by contributing to the development of better quality inputs, teacher training and by facilitating stronger participation of economic actors in the VET system.


Civil Registry System Reform Project in Tajikistan (CRR)

01.01.2020 - 31.12.2023

SDC assists the Ministry of Justice in its efforts to replace the paper-based civil registry system with a more efficient electronic civil registry system. This new system and the planned outreach activities will help people across the country in obtaining their vital documents faster and in better quality from the civil registry offices; this will help them to protect and claim their rights in relation to schooling, alimonies,  migration, healthcare and even voting. Moreover, the new civil registry system will also help the government to better plan and monitor its services provided to the population including in the education, health and labor sector.

Objeto 1 – 12 de 29