Emergency Response to Gaza Municipalities (“Window 5” of MDP-II)

Project completed
Restoration of key municipal infrastructure and the rehabilitation of damaged roads due to 2014 war, Bani-Suhaila area, Gaza Strip 2015, ©MDLF

The infrastructure of the 25 Municipalities in the Gaza Strip was severely hit in July-August 2014. On the basis of a dedicated needs assessment, a specific funding window was designed in the World Bank-led and SDC co-funded Municipal Development Programme (MDP-II). Through an additional contribution to this funding window, SDC will facilitate the restoration of key municipal services and the rehabilitation of damaged municipal infrastructure in line with the objectives of the Swiss Cooperation Strategy for the oPt 2015-2018.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Palestinian Authority
Humanitarian Assistance & DRR
Governance
Conflict & fragility
Conflict prevention and transformation
Reconstruction and rehabilitation (till 2016)
Decentralisation
Security system management and reform
01.11.2015 - 31.12.2016
CHF  1’000’000
Background
  • Three wars in six years with the latest in July-August 2014 aggravated the consequences of a 9-year full blockade by the Occupying Power (Israel) which has distressed the economy and, among others, the provision of basic services. Due to increased poverty and inequality as well as massive unemployment (> 44 %), Municipalities have had few opportunities to generate revenues necessary to deliver public services in an effective and efficient manner.
  • However, municipalities in Gaza before the 2014 war were performing well as shown in MDP-II performance indicators.
  • The Gazan population has been directly affected by the intra-Palestinian political divide (PA in Ramallah and the de facto Hamas authorities in the Gaza Strip); most of the municipal workers have not been paid for 16 months.
  • The Gaza Strip is one of the densest areas in the world (1.92 million persons living on 365 sq. km): it is divided in 25 Municipalities.
Objectives

The overall goal of the MDP-II is the following : Citizens in the oPt receive public services from local authorities that are efficient, accountable and socially inclusive.

The specific goal of this intervention which is part of a specific window open in the MDP II is to restore municipal services damaged by the 2014 conflict in Gaza.

Target groups
  • Population living in 5-7 selected Gaza Municipalities  
  • Secondary target groups include staff and authorities of selected Gazan Municipalities, but also the private sector and occasional short-term workers contracted for rehabilitation work.
Medium-term outcomes

Programme Development Outcome of MDP II: Municipal management practices are effective, efficient, accountable and transparent.

Specific outcome of emergency window: 5-7 selected Gaza municipalities are enabled to provide basic services in areas severely affected by the 2014 conflict in Gaza.

Results

Expected results:  

Basic municipal services are restored and damaged infrastructure is rehabilitated

Non-salary operating expenditures related to service restoration are covered


Directorate/federal office responsible SDC
Credit area Humanitarian aid
Project partners Contract partner
Foreign state institution
  • Central State of South East
  • Municipal Development and Lending Fund (MDLF)


Other partners

Donors to Window 5 (World Bank, Denmark, Germany and Belgium), to MDP-II and other donors  (OECD and OPEC/bilat and multi)

Coordination with other projects and actors

The intervention complements and supports the SDC local governance portfolio in the oPt, in particular:  MDP-II (7F-07621.01 PA 2), HIMII 7F-09136.01 (which focus on vulnerable communities which had no or limited access to basic infrastructure already prior to the war).

It is specifically linked to software interventions focussing on participatory reconstruction planning in the Gaza Strip: IDPs UDOC (7F-09398.01), UN Habitat Gaza PS2 (7F-09404.01).

Synergies with SDC-supported humanitarian initiatives will also be sought, in particular ERF.

Budget Current phase Swiss budget CHF    1’000’000 Swiss disbursement to date CHF    947’133
Project phases

Phase 1 01.11.2015 - 31.12.2016   (Completed)