Enhancing Mechanical Demining in Mozambique
This project aims at ridding Mozambique from its remaining landmines by the “Ottawa Treaty” deadline until March 2014. There are still 15.5 km2 to be cleared and released before this deadline. In order to accelerate the process, Switzerland is enhancing mechanical demining by contributing to the purchase of a demining device (3rd generation machine built by the Swiss Foundation Digger). This initiative is fully in line with the Swiss “Mine Action Strategy 2012-2016” and will contribute to the socio-economic development of Mozambique.
Conflict & fragility
Conflict prevention and transformation
Removal of land mines
Sector not specified
Security system management and reform
- United Nations Development Programme
- indirectly NGO APOPO (with HQ in Morogoro, Tanzania) together with the non-profit Swiss Foundation DIGGER (based in the Canton of Bern).
Mozambique’s landmine problem was once one of the most severe in the world, with a legacy of landmines and explosive remnants of war from decades of conflict (laid its 1964-1975 fight for independence and throughout the civil war until early 1990s). Landmines continue impede full socio-economic recovery in spite of large-scale clearance effort. There has been good progress in terms of clearing mines in recent years and Mozambique is perhaps the first country with a major past mine problem that could manage to fully comply with the Treaty. Recent survey work has, however, revealed that the problem is bigger than originally thought. Mozambique will not be able to finalise the survey and clearance process by 2014 unless the capacity of the existing operators is increased over a period of the coming 18 months.
Acc. to its Article 5 Anti Personnel Mine Ban (“Ottawa”) Treaty the Government of Mozambique reiterates its goal of clearing all known mined areas by March 2014: this mine action program has been designed to support that goal and to provide for a nationally managed capability to direct and implement activities that will address any potential residual risks also after that date.
All 1,5 mln. inhabitants living in the western province of Manica, especially those living close to the Zimbabwean border The Mozambican government who will likely succeed in complying with the “Ottawa treaty” by March 2014 and gain increased credibility thereby having removed all known mined areas of the country by the treaty deadline.
Following shipment plus import of a DIGGER D-3 machine incl. training of local staff operational use of the remotely operated tiller machine from 1.11.2012 onwards allowing the release of at least 2 km2 of land first in the province of Manica and later in others also.
|Directorate/federal office responsible||
United Nations Organization (UNO)
|Budget||Current phase Swiss budget CHF 975’000 Swiss disbursement to date CHF 975’000|
Phase 1 01.10.2012 - 30.09.2014 (Completed)