Clean Air Project in India (CAP India)
India is one of the most severely affected countries by air pollution in the world. This project will respond to a demand for support raised in India’s new National Clean Air Programme, with the aim to improve air quality with co-benefits on public health, environment and climate change. Capacity building and technical assistance through Swiss expertise will support data measurement and analysis, city level clean air action plans and awareness raising campaigns to take precautionary measures and mitigate air pollution.
Climate change and environment
- Foreign private sector South/East
- Swiss Private Sector
- Research Organisation of South East
Sector according to the OECD Developement Assistance Commitiee categorisation GENERAL ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION
GENERAL ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION
Sub-Sector according to the OECD Developement Assistance Commitiee categorisationBiosphere protection
Environmental policy and administrative management
Cross-cutting topics The project also supports partner organisation improvements
Aid Type Mandate with fiduciary funds
Mandate without fiduciary fund
Project and programme contribution
|Background||Air pollution is a global concern contributing to a wide range of health risks. According to the WHO, around 7 million people die worldwide every year from exposure to the polluted air. Switzerland plays an active role in the global mitigation of air pollution, e.g. with the first Global Conference on Air Pollution and Health held in Geneva in 2018. India is one of the countries severely affected by air pollution. More than half of the world’s twenty most polluted cities are located in India and the media and civil society organizations have been increasingly raising awareness about it. Outdoor air pollution is among the major health risks with PM2.5 leading to 1.1 million premature deaths in India. The Government of India has shown urgency and launched the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) in January 2019 with the aim to reduce pollution levels in 102 cities by 20 - 30% until 2024. Currently India faces multiple challenges including the lack of reliable data and limited capacity to implement solutions to tackle air pollution. The NCAP explicitly requests the support of the international cooperation, including the exchange and adoption of international best practices. In this same line, India joined in July 2019 the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, reaffirming its global commitment. This represents a clear opportunity for SDC Global Programme Climate Change and Environment to respond to the demands of the Indian government and to transfer Swiss as well as international best practices to mitigate impacts of air pollution in India.|
|Objectives||The overall goal of the project is to support India’s efforts to improve people’s health and well-being through better air quality, while contributing to environment and climate change mitigation.|
|Target groups||Direct beneficiaries will include, the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC), Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs) as well as other Sectoral departments of the focus cities and states, Academic Institutions, Private sector and NGOs. Indirect beneficiaries will include the inhabitants of the four focus cities as well as neighboring areas and other heavily polluted cities, due to spillover effects.|
· Improved data measurement and analysis on clean air
· Enhanced capacities of the city and state authorities to implement clean air policies and action plans
· Awareness for clean air action is raised
• Scientifically proven source contributions of particulate matter (PM) and other pollutants for four focus cities (Lucknow, Kanpur, Pune and Nashik).
· Clean air action plan of focus cities strengthened and actions taken by the pollution control boards.
· Air quality measurements, calibration methods and monitoring networks improved.
· Monitoring, review, and verification (MRV) systems developed for implementation of clean air action plans.
· Pilot demonstration based on approved city action plan conducted in selected sectors with high mitigation and potential to replicate.
· Technical capacities of the government officials in focus cities and other stakeholders strengthened on air quality measurement and management.
· Awareness campaign regularly organised by engaging with civil society, academic institutions and private sector actors.
Results from previous phases:
Scoping study: Broad areas of interventions and geographical focus identified through stakeholder consultations and discussion with the concerned Indian ministry and State agencies.
Tender procedure: Implementing agency identified following the SDC’s standard procedure of open tender for international bids.
Research tour: Swiss experts interacted with the Indian research and academic institutions working on issues related to air pollution to establish potential areas of collaboration.
|Directorate/federal office responsible||
Foreign academic and research organisation
Swiss Academic and Research Institution
|Budget||Current phase Swiss budget CHF 5’570’276 Swiss disbursement to date CHF 3’544’706|
|Project phases||Phase 99 01.07.2024 - 30.06.2027 (Active) Phase 1 01.07.2018 - 30.06.2024 (Current phase)|