Rangeland Management Project (RAMA)

Poor and landless families depend on rangeland resources for livestock rearing, fuel and fodder collection. A growing population puts increased pressure on limited resources, while decades of conflict and displacement have weakened rangeland management systems. RAMA will improve livelihoods and food security of rural households through empowering the communities to sustainably manage and use their rangeland resources in order to generate equitable benefits.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Agriculture & food security
Conflict & fragility

Agricultural land resources
Agricultural development
Agricultural policy
Conflict prevention
01.10.2017 - 31.08.2022
CHF  5’966’000
Background Rangelands account for 79% of Afghanistan’s agricultural land and are mostly used as common property. Rangelands are crucial for livestock production, which is of particular importance for the livelihoods and food security of poor and landless households. However, in the absence of effective governing systems, a growing population puts increased pressure on rangeland resources, resulting in their degradation through erosion processes and putting them at risk of desertification.
Objectives The overall objective of RAMA is that “Poor families improve their livelihoods through sustainable natural resource management”.
Target groups

The project will establish and work with 30 Rangeland Management Associations and 4’500 rural households in 6 target districts of Daykundi province (Nili, Khadir, Ishtarlay, Shahrestan, Mir Amur, and Sangi Takht).

The project will also engage with national, provincial and district level government authorities, notably from the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock.

Medium-term outcomes

Outcome 1: Community-based governance institutions improve and manage rangelands in an inclusive and sustainable way.

Outcome 2: Women and men make sustainable use of rangeland resources to improve production and food security.


Expected results:  

Output 1.1: Community-based institutions define access rights in a participatory way and establish community agreements.

Output 1.2: Community-based institutions establish and implement pasture management and improvement plans to halt and reverse rangeland degradation

Output 1.3: PAIL extension staff have capacity to replicate the process of establishing and capacitating RMAs.

Output 2.1: Women and men apply sustainable land management practices on rangelands.

Output 2.2: Women and men’s rangeland-based livelihoods are more sustainable and resilient.

Results from previous phases:   Currently, no rangeland management associations are in place and no rangeland management plans have been developed.
Baselines will be established during the first six months of the project.

Directorate/federal office responsible SDC
Credit area Development cooperation
Project partners Contract partner
International or foreign NGO

Coordination with other projects and actors Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock at national, provincial and district level, Agricultural Services and Livelihoods Improvement (ASLI) project.
Budget Current phase Swiss budget CHF    5’966’000 Swiss disbursement to date CHF    4’820’085
Project phases Phase 1 01.10.2017 - 31.08.2022   (Current phase)