In Mozambique Switzerland’s development cooperation focuses on three areas: economic development, health and governance. Switzerland supports local projects, mainly in the three northern provinces of Cabo Delgado, Niassa and Nampula. At the national level, it is actively involved in political dialogue with the aim of combating poverty and promoting political and economic transition.

Map of Mozambique
© FDFA

Mozambique is one of the poorest countries in the world. Even today over half the population lives below the poverty line. The public budget remains highly dependent on foreign aid. More than 80% of the population are smallholder farmers and are especially vulnerable to natural disasters. In addition, there is the AIDS epidemic, which hinders development progress. On the other hand, Mozambique is currently looking towards a strong economic boom in the commodities sector. The high economic growth of more than 8% in the last few years fell sharply in 2016 owing to the debt crisis (3.7%). Mozambique will however continue to be one of Africa's fastest growing economies in the longer term.

Switzerland has been active in Mozambique since 1979. The main goal of Swiss development cooperation is to support Mozambique in reducing poverty and creating a society that is politically and economically inclusive for all. At the national level, Switzerland is involved in political dialogue and is supporting the government in the implementation of institutional reforms in various sectors.

Locally, Switzerland is working together with individual communities. In its new cooperation strategy for 2017-2020, Switzerland will focus geographically on three northern provinces and thematically on good governance, health and economic development. Switzerland has also provided greater support for the peace process financially, logistically and through technical expertise since 2016 and took over the chair of the International Contact Group in 2017. In addition, it carried out rapid and comprehensive relief operations to provide drinking water after the two cyclones in 2019.

Health

Strengthening the health system and preventing diseases

At the national level, Switzerland supports the government's sector-wide approach, providing technical and financial advice for the implementation of a single and comprehensive policy and reform of the health sector. At a decentralised level, Switzerland is active in improving services in health and water supply. It is also enabling local communities to enter into dialogue with the authorities and to call for accountability and transparency in public health spending. In the province of Cabo Delgado, Switzerland helped ensure that the proportion of mothers who gave birth in health centres was increased from 66% (2010) to 88% (2018). Thanks to Switzerland’s contribution, an additional 60,000 people in Niassa and Cabo Delgado provinces received access to clean drinking water each year.

Health

Economic development

Poverty reduction and economic growth for all

In the Nacala corridor, Switzerland supports small enterprises, mostly farmers, in the strengthening of value chains and is actively promoting microfinance to improve access to financial services. Through the sustainable improvement of agricultural value chains mainly by including the private sector, the income of more than 23,000 smallholder farmers was increased by an average of 70% per year within 4 years. This outreach includes people benefitting from small loans under financial inclusion activities.

SECO complements the SDC's activities by providing technical advice in the area of overall economic support.

Private Sector Development and financial services

Governance

Decentralization and capacity-building

Switzerland supports Mozambique's decentralisation reforms that have been made possible by the peace process. The reforms open up the possibility for a coherent, decentralised system as an important condition for greater political stability and integration. Switzerland supports the local authorities in shaping planning and budget processes in an efficient and participatory way; at the same time, it also helps empower local civil society to demand more accountability and transparency. Switzerland also works to protect land rights and ensure the sustainable use and extraction of natural resources. By strengthening dialogue and practical cooperation between the local authorities, civil society and the private sector, private-sector investment is promoted and Mozambique's population receives the statutory proportion of the profits generated by use of the country's land and natural resources.

In 2019, the SDC launched a new anti-corruption programme to strengthen the capacities of the Attorney General's Office to combat corruption and economic crime and return illicitly acquired assets.

Advocacy and Good Governance

History of cooperation

Swiss support in times of peace and war

Switzerland’s engagement in Mozambique started in 1880 when Swiss missionaries pioneered access to primary education for Mozambicans. Formal development cooperation started in 1979, shortly after Mozambique’s independence and at the beginning of a devastating 16-year civil war.

The first SDC projects focused on water, health and rural development. During the peace process, Switzerland made a significant contribution to the demobilization and rehabilitation of the battle-worn country. Since the peace agreement in 1992, Switzerland has increased its support to Mozambique mainly focusing on economic development, health and water including sanitation, governance and strengthening of civil society.

Multilateral cooperation

Switzerland’s multilateral cooperation includes working with UNICEF in the water and sanitation sector; with the World Bank, the WHO, UNFPA and UNICEF in the health sector; and with the UNDP to promote decentralisation.

Cross-cutting themes:

Gender equality and HIV/AIDS

Switzerland consistently applies its gender policy in all projects and is committed to equality between men and women. It also promotes prevention and protection against HIV/AIDS through awareness-raising activities.

Partners

  • Swiss NGOs:  Helvetas , Swisscontact, Solidar Suisse and Solidarmed
  • Ministries, provincial and district authorities
  • Mozambican NGOs and civil society organisations: e.g. Centro de Integridade Publica, Instituto de Estudios
  • International NGOs: e.g. Netherlands Development Organisation, Concern Universal
  • Donor community (G19)

Current projects

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Cultural Programme (CPM)

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2021

Ce programme s'appuie sur la richesse et le potentiel de la culture mozambicaine pour le développement humain. En soutenant les plateformes dédiées à la culture et aux arts, la DDC vise à contribuer au renforcement du capital social du pays. Le CP a trois composantes opérationnelles et se concentre sur le nord du pays, avec comme centre Cabo Delgado, avec une orientation communautaire - domaine où la DDC a été pionnière dans l'approche de la culture pour le développement - ainsi que sur la région de la capitale de Maputo et ses environs. La CP s’inscrit pleinement dans la stratégie pays de la DDC Mozambique 2017-2020.


Advancing Land Use Rights

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2021

Competition for land in Mozambique is sharply increasing. Despite favourable land legislation for the protection of interests and rights of the local communities the concretization of these rights is still precarious. SDC’s program supports the realization of these community rights to land and its benefits through institutional development, strengthening dialogue and practical collaboration between local government, civil society and private sector in order to contribute to a more inclusive and sustainable development.


Regional Arts and Culture Programme (RACP)

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2020

Southern Africa has a strong artistic heritage and cultural tradition which exudes from the talent of its diverse people. However, this rich heritage has been stifled by the lack of capacity, networking and resources among artists in the region. Through this programme, Switzerland supports art organisations and individual artists in Southern Africa to bring fresh perspectives, build on available cultural resources and strengthen the arts and culture sector’s contribution to development in the region.


Regional Vulnerability Assessment and Analysis (RVAA)

01.08.2017 - 31.07.2021

The project supports the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and its Member States in reducing vulnerability of households to disaster risks by increasing their preparedness for response and recovery and in strengthening their resilience. This will be achieved through institutionalising and sustaining vulnerability assessments and analyses systems that enhance emergency and developmental responses at national and regional levels.


Rural Resilience in Southern Africa / R4 Initiative

01.07.2017 - 30.06.2021

The project builds resilience of smallholder farmer households in three countries in Southern Africa (Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe) by enabling their adaptation to climate risk through a community oriented and market based risk management comprehensive approach. The initiative combines improved resource management (risk reduction), insurance (risk transfer), livelihoods diversification and microcredit (prudent risk taking) and savings (risk reserves). The combined interventions are carefully adapted to each country context.


Health Promotion Cabo Delgado

01.04.2017 - 31.12.2020

Switzerland contributed to health promotion in Cabo Delgado Province in Northern Mozambique by supporting the retention of health promotion workers, strengthening community involvement and the public finance management. Phase 2 of the project builds up on this and newly address Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in order to improve access and quality in the provision of health and WASH services targeting the 23 rural health posts in  three districts of the Province that are serving a total population of 570’000 people.


Safeguard Young People (SYP) – Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR)

01.02.2017 - 31.12.2019

The UNFPA Safeguard Young People programme (SYP) will contribute to the reduction of HIV infections and improved sexual and reproductive health and rights status of young women and men aged 10 to 24 in eight Southern African countries: Zambia, Swaziland, Malawi, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Lesotho. UNFPA will scale up SRHR/HIV prevention models and youth friendly health services (YFHS) in order to equip young people with knowledge, skills and values to protect themselves and capacitate member states to improve the legislative environment to address young people’s health issues.


HortiSempre 2

02.01.2017 - 31.12.2020

Switzerland’s introduction of market focused and innovative solutions in horticulture, contributed to the growth of the sector in Northern Mozambique by improving productivity and de-seasonalization of production. Phase 2 of the project will consolidate and scale-up on these achievements in order to increase the annual income for 25’000 poor women and men producers. The introduction of beans and cassava will enhance the resilience against weather shocks and disasters.


Health System Strengthening Support Program 2017-2019

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2019

With its contribution to the health common fund (PROSAUDE) Switzerland supports the Government of Mozambique, in particular local governments, to accelerate equitable access to primary health services for women, children and people living in rural areas. As chair of the health common fund, Switzerland will advocate increased domestic funding and decentralization in order to foster sustainable and equitable health financing.


Planned project

Strengthening Social Accountability and Oversight in Health and Agriculture

01.05.2016 - 31.12.2025

The projected intervention aims at improving public resources management and services delivery in health and agriculture sectors through strengthening the oversight and social accountability roles as well as the capacities of selected parliamentary committees and civil society organisations (CSOs) in the region. It facilitates knowledge sharing and learning at regional level and supports collaborations between parliamentary committees and CSOs in five SADC countries.


Regional Psychosocial Support Initiative (REPSSI)

01.01.2016 - 30.06.2020

The Regional Psychosocial Support Initiative (REPSSI) supports policy development and provides technical support for the improvement of psychosocial wellbeing and mental wellness of children and young people to mitigate the negative impact of HIV and AIDS, poverty, and other vulnerabilities. It provides technical assistance to governments and non-governmental organizations to integrate and implement psychosocial support into social services, health and education in East and southern Africa.


Seeds and Access to Markets Project (SAMP) Phase 3

01.10.2015 - 31.12.2019

The project contributes to increased food and nutrition security of smallholder farmers by improving availability of and access to adequate quantities of quality seeds and planting material of suitable and diversified crop varieties. This enables smallholder farmers to produce enough food to sustain themselves, their communities, and earn higher incomes. The project strengthens national and local farmer-led institutions, supports community seed and commodity production and strengthens seed and commodity distribution networks.

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