Mali

In Mali, Switzerland is active in fighting poverty and establishing a lasting peace. It supports rural development and food security, good governance and the peace process, and basic education and vocational education and training. This support is implemented through its three foreign policy instruments: development cooperation, peace policy and humanitarian aid. The Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation focuses its activities on the regions of Sikasso in the south, Mopti in the centre and Timbuktu in the north of Mali.

Map of Mali
© FDFA

The democratic elections that took place 2013 after the previous year's crisis marked a return to constitutional order and paved the way for the signing of a peace and reconciliation agreement in June 2015. Although the conflict has ended, insecurity continues to be a threat and the country faces numerous challenges related to peace, governance, education, youth employment and the fight against poverty. Yet despite these many challenges, Mali has demonstrated remarkable resilience. The country has a strong agro-pastoral potential that can be further leveraged, its growth rate in 2015 was 5%, and 65% of its population is under 25 years old.

Rural development and food security

Better production thanks to new infrastructure

People living in rural areas account for over two thirds Mali's population and about one third of its GDP. The SDC supports the building of infrastructures that increase agricultural productivity and incomes:

  • Hydro-agricultural improvements
  • Lakeside protective dykes
  • Roads linking cities and rural areas
  • Livestock parks

This type of project aims to promote economic growth in rural communes.  Since 2012, 83 rural development projects have successfully promoted economic growth in rural communes, resulting in a 17% increase in farm income in 2015.

Agriculture and food security 

Basic education and vocational skills development

Programmes adapted to social challenges

Rates of access to basic education remain very low in Mali. About one million Malian children between the ages of 7 and 12 do not attend school, and half of those enrolled in primary school are forced to drop out. The SDC's educational efforts are focused on improving the quality of education and providing support for the decentralised management of education. To address the crisis in education, the SDC also promotes alternative forms of inclusive education (50 mobile schools, 250 educational centres with fast-track programmes and vocational training for students from Koranic schools). 

The low level of qualification of the workforce is also an obstacle to development.  To address this problem, the SDC is helping to set up training programmes designed to meet the needs of the labour market in urban and peri-urban areas.

Basic education and vocational skills development

Good governance and peace

Empowering local institutions

Participation of citizens and various social groups in political processes and the accountability of elected officials to voters are key SDC objectives in Mali. The SDC therefore supports citizenship programmes to allow ordinary people to have a voice in public affairs.

The SDC helps strengthen the administrative and financial management capacities of local elected representatives.  It supports the transfer of resources to the regions and the mobilisation of resources managed by local authorities (25% increase in tax revenue in 2015). Switzerland also assists in the country’s efforts to promote national reconciliation, and carries out activities to protect civilians (promotion of international humanitarian law).

Advocacy and good governance 

Humanitarian aid and the promotion of peace and human security

Meeting the needs of displaced populations

Switzerland is helping to meet the need for humanitarian protection and assistance of particularly vulnerable people who had to flee the conflict in northern Mali: internally displaced persons (39,000 in 2016) and host populations, as well as refugees in neighbouring countries (134,000 at the beginning of 2016). Switzerland is also helping the Malian government define and implement the National Food and Nutrition Security Policy for the most vulnerable.

In response to the crisis in Mali, the FDFA’s Human Security Division is promoting the peace dialogue and Swiss Humanitarian Aid is funding partners on the ground, such as the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

Disaster Risk reduction, emergency relief, reconstruction and protection 

Approach and partners

Switzerland supports Mali through the concurrent and coordinated provision of humanitarian aid and development aid and the promotion of peace and human rights. It operates at both national and local levels and works closely with the government departments and local authorities concerned.  Its main partners are the following:

  • Swiss partners: Helvetas-Swiss Intercooperation, Swisscontact
  • Malian partners: ministries, the Food Security Commissariat, regional authorities, inter-community and territorial authorities, socio-professional organisations, Centre international d’expertises et de formation (CIEF), Formation Sans Frontières, the Malian Red Cross, Kéné Conseils.
  • Bilateral and multilateral partners: Danish Cooperation, LuxDev, Danish Refugee Council, World Bank, ICRC, UNHCR, WFP, OCHA, UNICEF, FAO, OXFAM, UNESCO, UNHAS (humanitarian air service)

Current projects

Object 1 – 12 of 63

Appui aux économies locales des collectivités de Youwarou et de Niafunké. Programme de Soutien aux Economies Locales du Delta intérieur du Niger

01.07.2015 - 31.12.2020

Dans les régions du delta intérieur du Niger, au centre et au Nord du Mali, les populations rurales sont confrontées à des crises structurelles multiformes dont l’insécurité alimentaire. La DDC appuie les autorités locales avec des projets économiques dans les filières agricoles porteuses pour assurer la sécurité alimentaire et réduire la pauvreté d’au moins 150'000 personnes. En plus, elle accompagne les municipalités de cette zone dans la maitrise d’ouvrage du développement territorial et la gestion pacifique des ressources naturelles.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Mali
Agriculture & food security
Governance
Climate change and environment
Agriculture value-chain development (til 2016)
Decentralisation
Environmental policy

01.07.2015 - 31.12.2020


CHF 9'445'000



Good schools for all Malian children

Children sitting at school desks inside a large tent.

01.01.2014 - 31.03.2018

The Government of Mali has reaffirmed its commitment to improving the quality of education as a priority. The SDC is providing support in this area in two respects: improving the quality of primary school education and decentralising education in general. This concerns three peripheral regions of the country. The SDC is also encouraging the creation of programmes adapted to children who have interrupted their schooling and to nomadic populations.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Mali
Education
Primary education
Education facilities and training
Education policy

01.01.2014 - 31.03.2018


CHF 9'900'000



Programme d’Appui à la Formation Professionnelle

01.01.2014 - 31.12.2019

Le marché du travail au Mali est caractérisé par une main d’œuvre peu qualifiée. Dans ce contexte, 300'000 jeunes arrivent chaque année sur ce marché sans compétences. L’offre de formation par domaine et/ou filière est en deçà des attentes du secteur productif. La formation professionnelle e 40'000 personnes dont 50% de femmes à l’horizon 2017, améliore la qualité des ouvrages et augmente la compétitivité des entreprises en contribuant à l’augmentation des revenus dans les régions prioritaires de la DDC et de la coopération danoise.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Mali
Vocational training
Employment & economic development
Agriculture & food security
Education
Vocational training
Employment creation
Advanced professional training
Agriculture value-chain development (til 2016)
Education facilities and training

01.01.2014 - 31.12.2019


CHF 16'957'000



Contribution aux programmes d’investissement des collectivités territoriales pour le développement régional et local au Mali

01.10.2013 - 31.03.2019

Région la plus arrosée du Mali, Sikasso peine à assurer son rôle de grenier du pays. Le Conseil régional de Sikasso (CRS), avec l’aide de la DDC, veut surmonter ce paradoxe par un programme de coordination du développement local et de valorisation des potentialités agropastorales. Pour ce faire, elle entend renforcer le CRS dans la mise-en-œuvre du volet agro-pastoral de son plan stratégique de développement économique régional.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Mali
Agriculture & food security
Governance
Agriculture value-chain development (til 2016)
Decentralisation
Rural infrastructure (till 2016)

01.10.2013 - 31.03.2019


CHF 5'300'000



Initiatives des organisations paysannes pour la sécurité alimentaire,la gestion des ressources naturelles et la promotion des exploitations familiales

01.05.2012 - 31.05.2017

La productivité des exploitations agricoles au Mali reste faible. Pour l’augmenter et pour assurer la sécurité alimentaire des populations concernées, les organisations paysannes réalisent un appui technique aux exploitations agricoles familiales et introduisent des innovations appropriées. Elles renforcent aussi les capacités d’approvisionnement, de gestion de stocks, de transformation et de commercialisation des produits agro pastoraux. Ces activités se réalisent dans les régions de concentration de la DDC au Mali, à Sikasso, à Mopti et à Tombouctou.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Mali
Agriculture & food security
Employment & economic development
Climate change and environment
Agricultural policy
Employment creation
Environmental policy

01.05.2012 - 31.05.2017


CHF 4'000'000



Programme d’appui aux communes urbaines du Mali (PACUM)

01.01.2012 - 31.12.2020

Un des enjeux de la reconstruction du Mali se trouve dans la promotion de villes secondaires délivrant des services de base aux populations et redevables devant leurs citoyens. C’est l’objet de ce programme financé par la Banque Mondiale à hauteur de CHF 65’000'000. Sollicitée pour son savoir-faire en matière de développement local, la DDC apporte une contribution de CHF 18'200'000 (21% coût global) pour structurer la gouvernance à la base et soutenir les dotations d’investissement pour les villes de Koutiala et Tombouctou.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Mali
Agriculture & food security
Governance
Education
Rural infrastructure (till 2016)
Decentralisation
Public sector policy
Primary education

01.01.2012 - 31.12.2020


CHF 18'220'000



Programme de développement social en milieu urbain

01.08.2011 - 31.03.2016

Les acteurs locaux dynamisent leur économie grâce à la réalisation de pistes praticables, de plaines cultivables et de marchés hebdomadaires. La Suisse les accompagne depuis sept ans.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Mali

Région de Sikasso/ Cercle de Koutiala

Agriculture & food security
Governance
Agriculture value-chain development (til 2016)
Rural infrastructure (till 2016)
Decentralisation

01.08.2011 - 31.03.2016


CHF 3'600'000



Initiatives to enable 1200 children in Mali to return to school

School girls in Mali standing at their classroom window

15.10.2010 - 31.12.2014

Literacy classes, technical training, adapted teaching aids and material: the key mission of the SDC project to support the return to non-formal education is to provide 9- to 15-year-olds in Mali with access to primary education or vocational training.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Mali
Education
Other
Basic life skills
Primary education

15.10.2010 - 31.12.2014


CHF 4'850'000




Citizens making the most of their natural resources

Marché de bétail de Togonaso dans le cercle de Koutiala (région de Sikasso)

01.08.2009 - 31.12.2014

The citizen organisation Réseau Réussir la Décentralisation (Making Decentralization Work) raises the awareness of elected representatives and communities about ways to manage their local resources more effectively. The aim is to counter the abusive exploitation of gold mines and to prevent deforestation.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Mali

Regions of Nara, Bancoumana and Yanfolila

Governance
Conflict & fragility
Decentralisation
Public sector policy
Conflict prevention

01.08.2009 - 31.12.2014


CHF 4'970'000



Participation des femmes dans le processus de paix, de sécurité et de relèvement au Mali

31.12.2023 - 31.03.2031

La Suisse s’engage au Mali pour une participation plus significative des femmes dans le processus de paix. Par l’intermédiaire de ONU-Femmes, les soutiens directs à des initiatives de la société civile malienne seront complétés par la réalisation du Plan d’Action National pour la mise en œuvre de la Résolution 1325 de l’ONU, concernant la participation de femmes dans les processus de paix et les garanties de sécurité. Le programme contribue ainsi à la stabilisation de la sous-région


Soutien au Dispositif National de Sécurité Alimentaire -PRESA-

01.07.2022 - 31.12.2025

Malgré l’excédent céréalier enregistré durant ces deux dernières décennies, l’insécurité alimentaire touche près du ¼ de la population du Mali. La DDC veut renforcer les capacités institutionnelles et organisationnelles du dispositif national de sécurité alimentaire en vue d’améliorer la prévention et la gestion des crises conjoncturelles et accroître la résilience des populations vulnérables à l’insécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle.

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