Central African Republic

Successive crises in the Central African Republic (CAR) have created a situation of serious humanitarian need. Swiss Humanitarian Aid efforts in the CAR focus on the protection of civilians and encourage respect for the rules of international humanitarian law. Switzerland is one of ten main humanitarian donors in the CAR.

Map of the Central African Republic
© FDFA

Despite the signing of the Political Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in 2019, political turmoil, violence and human rights violations continue to burden the people of the CAR. Hundreds of thousands of people have been forced to flee their homes. Some 3.1 million people – 63% of the population – depend on humanitarian aid.

Swiss contribution

Humanitarian aid is the main priority of Switzerland's work in the CAR. The SDC supports the activities of multilateral partners such as the UN and the ICRC and provides funding to national and international NGOs active on the ground. Switzerland's efforts focus primarily on the protection of civilians, international humanitarian law and human rights. It is also working to improve the coordination of humanitarian activities and better involve local actors. Over the last several years, the SDC has supported a local radio station, Ndeke Luka, through the Fondation Hirondelle. This independent radio station is one of the only media outlets that broadcasts information throughout the country even in periods of crisis. Switzerland is one of ten main humanitarian donors in the CAR.

For several years, SDC activities in the CAR were coordinated from neighbouring countries (Chad, followed by Cameroon). In August 2022, the SDC opened an office in the capital Bangui to step up its presence. It is now one of the few Western countries with a local representation in the country. As a neutral country, Switzerland aims to provide added value in the fields of humanitarian access, protection, international law and the humanitarian principles, justice and peacebuilding. It also seeks to encourage better interaction between humanitarian and development aid activities. It maintains a dialogue with the national authorities and national partners, with international and multilateral organisations (UN, MINUSCA, World Bank, African Union) and with civil society. 

History of cooperation

Responding to successive crises

The SDC has been active since 2009 in the CAR, where Swiss Humanitarian Aid is supporting various urgent humanitarian operations. In June 2013, the SDC stepped up its presence in the region by deploying an expert from the Swiss Humanitarian Aid Unit (SHA). Based at the SDC's cooperation office in N'Djamena (Chad), this expert undertook regular missions in the Central African Republic. In 2020, another SHA expert based in Cameroon took over the coordination of the SDC's activities until the SDC office in Bangui opened in August 2022. 

Current projects

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Allocation of SDC Funding to ICRC Operations in 2020

01.01.2020 - 31.12.2020

SDC funding to ICRC operations allows the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to respond proactively and to provide immediate protection and assistance for people affected by armed conflict and other situations of violence. In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises.

 


Contribution à la stabilité et à la reconstruction en République Centrafricaine (RCA)

01.08.2019 - 31.12.2023

La RCA se caractérise par la fragilité de ses institutions et par la récurrence de ses crises politiques et humanitaires. La gouvernance et la santé constituent deux secteurs pour lesquels la Suisse dispose d’une valeur ajoutée et pour lesquels elle a décidé de s’engager en RCA par des actions complémentaires d’aide d’urgence et de développement à long terme. Cet engagement est cohérent avec ceux déjà existants dans les pays prioritaires de la coopération internationale en Afrique subsaharienne ; il participera à la stabilisation de la région, consolidera la paix et contribuera à des services de santé accessibles et de qualité en RCA.


UNICEF - RRM

01.05.2018 - 28.02.2019

La DDC par son appui financier au mécanisme de réponse rapide (RRM) dirigé par UNICEF participe à un financement rapide qui aide la communauté humanitaire à répondre aux activités d'urgencepermettant d'améliorer les conditions de vie des personnes vulnérables aiguës affectées par un choc humanitaire et la préservation de leur sécurité et dignité. Le RRM maintien une capacité de veille humanitaire, d'évaluation et de réponse rapide aux besoins urgents identifiés en biens non alimentaires et en eau et assainissement. 



Allocation of SDC Funding to WFP Operations in 2017

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2017

In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises. SDC funding to WFP operations allows the World Food Programme (WFP) to respond proactively and to provide immediate food assistance in life-threatening situations.


RCA: UNICEF Sous-cluster protection de l’enfance

01.06.2015 - 30.06.2017

Par son appui financier au Sous-cluster protection de l’enfance, la DDC souhaite contribuer au renforcement du système de coordination en RCA, pour assurer une réponse de protection coordonnée pour les enfants affectés par la crise. Ce soutien rentre par ailleurs dans le cadre de la stratégie de la protection de civils (PoC), et plus spécifiquement dans le plan d’action du DFAE pour la protection des enfants associés aux forces et groupes armés.

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