Local Infrastructure for Livelihood Improvement (LILI)

Progetto concluso

Agricultural production, besides migration, will remain the main pillar for rural livelihood in Nepal for some time, mainly because suitable framework conditions for the other strategies (off-farm economic activities) will take time to evolve. Improving agricultural production requires reliable irrigation systems. In the context where big irrigation schemes usually receive attention, LILI’s involvement in small irrigation provides meaningful contribution to improve the food security of the marginal farmers as well as help influence government policies in their favour.

Paese/Regione Tema Periodo Budget
Agricoltura e sicurezza alimentare
Risorse idriche in agricoltura
Sviluppo agricolo
01.08.2009 - 31.07.2014
CHF 11'476'000

A considerable gap exists in the provision of irrigation facilities in the hill areas of Nepal, where only about 27% of irrigable land is irrigated compared to about 70% overall, most of it in the Terai/plain area. In rural areas, the prevailing socio-economic exclusion and combined with discriminatory land tenant system deteriorate the livelihood conditions of marginalized and small farmers. Their ownership is mostly limited to fragile and marginal lands deprived of reliable irrigation facilities and agriculture services. Such a plight of marginalized and small farmers is acute in the hill districts including selected hill districts for Swiss interventions through LILI.


The Goal of LILI phase II is to contribute to “Improved food security of small farmers in the rural areas of Swiss cluster districts’’

Gruppi target

The target groups for LILI include marginalized and small farmers having farming-land below 0.25 hectare

Effetti a medio termine
  1. Small farmers and disadvantaged groups manage and maintain farmers- managed irrigation system and derive benefits in an equitable way,
  2. DDC/VDCs, local service providers (agricultural/technical/ social/) and local resource persons respond to priority needs for farmers-managed irrigation system.



Risultati fasi precedenti:  

During the Phase I of LILI (Aug 2006 to July 2009) a total of 64 small irrigation schemes, 3 vegetable collection centres and 29 public-buildings were completed from which a total of 16’820 households benefited. The small irrigation was the main component of Phase I from which a total of 2’842 farmer-households have changed their cropping pattern using irrigation facilities. During the phase II (as of Dec. 2012) of LILI a total of 293 small irrigation schemes have been completed which provide all-year-round irrigation to 2’217 hectares of land owned by 14’475 households (of them 62% are from DAGs). The external review of LILI Phase II carried out in Nov. 2012 has confirmed that the communities are unanimously very positive about the direct and indirect benefits they draw from the irrigation schemes. Direct benefits mentioned are increased production and greater variety of crops. This helps people to increase the period of food sufficiency by 50 to 100%. Staple cereals are partly replaced by cash crops or by vegetables. The latter are used for a healthier diet. Depending on the location the increased production allows farmers to market part of the crop. The farmers reported considerable increments in income of 50 to 100 %. A study conducted by the project, shows that net incremental benefits for an average household are around NRs 11'000 against a baseline of NRS 5'000, i.e. an increase of more than 100%. Most farmers mention that the increase in income allows a better schooling of the children.

Direzione/Ufficio responsabile DSC
Credito Cooperazione allo sviluppo
Partner del progetto Partner contrattuale
  • HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation

Budget Fase in corso Budget Svizzera CHF   11'476'000 Budget svizzero attualmente già speso CHF   11'188'978
Fasi del progetto

Fase 2 01.08.2009 - 31.07.2014   (Completed)