Disaster risk reduction, emergency relief and reconstruction

 People being provided with water from a tank in South Sudan

Emergency relief means saving lives, alleviating suffering, and ensuring survival. Damage is repaired as rapidly as possible, and additional emergency measures are taken to help the victims survive. The next step is to re-establish basic supplies and services and to support the afflicted population in the task of reconstruction.

The SDC's worldwide engagement

Moldova Floods Summer 2010

During the floods in 2010, SDC Chisinau closely monitored the situation in Moldova. SDC was contacted by UNICEF as well as by Caritas with proposals for first aid delivery. In addition SDC proposed to the Government a support for the cleaning of wells. This offer was received positively by the Government of Moldova.

Planned Actions by SDC

Contribution to UNICEF Project: Mobilizing to help flood affected regions in the Republic of Moldova. The aim is in coordination with the Government and other agencies to provide specific emergency and post-emergency support (relief items, cash for education etc.) in flood affected communities targeting most vulnerable families and children (CHF 200’000).

Contribution to Caritas Project: Summer floods in Moldova 2010 – help to the victims.  In coordination with UN and the Republic of Moldova mid-term response will be offered to improve the living conditions of the population affected by the floods, to help in removing the consequences of natural calamities and to support the vulnerable population to prepare for the forthcoming autumn season (food, building supplies, house disinfection, furniture and equipment, seeds etc) (CHF 100’000).

Direct support from SDC HA to the Government of Moldova for wells cleaning: The aim is to allow an appropriate cleaning of the water wells in the region affected (by a Swiss team of 2-3 persons) (CHF 100’000).

Small Contribution to Terres des Hommes in Moldova Project: Psychosocial activities as follow up of  the floods in the villages of Hancesti (CHF 6’700).

Total of planned financial support is around CHF 400’000.

Background Information

Heavy rains fell during the first week of July 2010 in northern Moldova, as well as the Carpathians (in Romania and Ukraine). Dams could not hold the waters resulting in major flooding. In the Republic of Moldova, thousands of people were evacuated as waters in the Prut river continued to rise. Villages situated on the bank of Prut were flooded, and few completely under water.

As of July 20, an estimated number of 106 homes are completely destroyed out of nearly 850 flooded  and additional 900 at risk of being flooded. 85 communities in 16 districts were flooded, approximate 3’000 people evacuated out of which more than 400 children. One person was killed and another one is still missing. The floods affected about 33,227 ha of agricultural lands, and destroyed 17 bridges, 200 wells, 182 km of roads, 7 dams, educational and administrative buildings.

The majority of the houses destroyed belong to vulnerable families. Affected families have lost most of their material goods, their home gardens and orchards, often a main source of food and income. Agricultural lands, pastures and small farmers land were flooded and crops have perished, severely affecting the income of many families.

The floods generated response by the international community. The EU's Monitoring and Information Centre (MIC) dispatched experts to assess the situation and facilitate the coordination of the relief effort. Various countries, international organizations, NGOs and private companies have supplied humanitarian aid to those affected by the disaster. A Post-disaster Need Assessment by EU, World Bank and UN is planned for the beginning of August 2010.

Switzerland supported the Republic of Moldova with humanitarian activities since 2000 in the framework of bilateral cooperation. SDC's  Humanitarian Aid programme was discontinued at the end of 2008.

Further Information