Ethiopia, IOM - Durable Solutions
Ethiopia has about 2.1 million internally displaced people (IDPs) mainly due to conflict, drought and flood. Addressing the needs of IDPs has been limited to meeting their short-term humanitarian needs. Given the prolonged economic, social, and gender impacts of displacement on individuals, there is a critical need for longer-term solutions. Switzerland will contribute through IOM to address the long-term needs of the displaced and host communities in their search for self-sufficiency.
Migration generally (development aspects and partnerships)
Forced displacement (refugees, IDP, human trafficking)
- Government of Ethiopia and humanitarian/development partners have improved data for program design and implementation of durable solutions for IDPs.
- Government-led multi-stakeholder durable solutions coordination forums that are fully functional and strengthened at four regional states of Oromia, Afar and Gambella by strengthening and replicating lessons learned from the Somali region.
- National and regional policy dialogue on durable solutions are strengthened to facilitate development of a national framework for IDPs in Ethiopia
- National database on profiles of/intentions/choices of IDPs on durable solutions developed and made operational.
- Humanitarian and development actors' ongoing programs mapped at national and regional levels.
- Multistakeholder Durable solutions Working Groups (DSWG) established in Afar, Oromia and Gambella regions of Ethiopia.
- Regional DSWGs have developed durable solution plans in line with regional durable strategy, action plan and ongoing regional development plans.
- National durable solutions framework and multi-sectoral program framework are jointly developed by ministries and humanitarian/development partners. The framework will set up a durable solution programme pooled fund to mobilise humanitarian and development donors to develop programmes to support IDPs resolve their displacement conditions.
- International Organisation for Migration
|Background||The internal displacement situation in Ethiopia is complex, severe, protracted with new level of scale. Natural and man-made disasters are the major drivers of displacement for large numbers of people resulting in loss of human lives and assets, disruption of livelihoods and damaging basic services and infrastructure, as well as weakening coping mechanisms of host communities. The displaced population need not only lifesaving assistance and basic service delivery, but also livelihoods promotion interventions and durable solutions activities. Notwithstanding this trend, internal displacement is a sensitive issue in Ethiopia. Devising durable solutions is challenging considering the lack of information available (coping mechanisms, access to services and displacement patterns, including secondary movements). There is also a gap in substantive dialogue and engagement with the Government of Ethiopia on root causes of displacement and how to address them due to policy and political implications as well as technical and capacity issues. IOM has been leading the dialogue and coordination on durable solutions for IDPs in Ethiopia since 2014. This intervention will also serve as a bridging phase towards the durable solutions regional program that will be developed through an Entry Proposal (EP) in 2019 on IDPs and refugees through WOGA approach.|
|Objectives||Contribute to the Government of Ethiopia's efforts to progressively resolve the displacement conditions of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in the country.|
30% of the total 2.1 million registered
Internally Displaced Peoples (IDPs) in Somali, Oromia, Afar and Gambella regions of Ethiopia.
Results from previous phases:
SDC has a previous engagement with IOM (20162017) with the following key results: Displacement tracking, monitoring, profiling and trend analysis of internal displacements was strengthened. The DTM data was used by all UN Clusters and OCHA to prioritize sites requiring humanitarian intervention. Multi-stakeholder Durable Solutions Working Group (DSWG) in the Somali Region of Ethiopia was re-established. Development and adoption of a Somali Region durable solutions Strategy, and Action Plan to roll-out the Strategy. Establishment of a common UN narrative on durable solutions through ongoing advocacy in the Ethiopian Humanitarian Country Team (EHCT), Inter-Cluster Coordination Group (ICCG), Clusters,
IDP Advisory Group, the Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group (DRMTWG).
|Directorate/federal office responsible||
Other International Organization
National and regional Disaster Risk Management Comission/bureaus, Ministry of Federal and Pastoralist Development Affairs, Resident/Humanitarian Coordinator, UN Agencies, International and national organizations.
|Coordination with other projects and actors||This contribution complements in a more systemic and process-oriented approach previous SDC-IOM project on IDPs, and pipeline durable solutions Swiss Secondment with the Resident Coordinator Office (RCO) as well as SDC humanitarian and development support to displaced and host communities through ICRC, WFP, EHF and SHF.|
|Budget||Current phase Swiss budget CHF 500'000 Swiss disbursement to date CHF 400'000 Total project since first phase Budget inclusive project partner CHF 500'000|