Sustainable Land Management Project (SLMP)
The rural population in Afghanistan suffers from overexploited and rapidly deteriorating land and water resources. Policies for sustainable land management are only slowly emerging. There is an urgent and sustained need for professional and institutional capacity for sustainable land management to prevent further degradation, improve production and reduce disaster risks. This reduces vulnerability and contributes to improved food security and better livelihoods for poor rural families.
Agriculture & food security
- HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation
Over one third of the Afghan population lives below the national poverty line and 30% are food insecure. Poverty rates are higher in rural areas, where they reach 50%. With an estimated three quarters of the population living in rural areas, agriculture is of crucial importance for Afghanistan’s socioeconomic development and the livelihoods of the people.
The country’s population growth rate is very high. Combined with the prevailing inheritance system, the landholding per household is decreasing. This limits the agricultural production per household and results in persistent food insecurity of many rural families. In addition, water shortages, deforestation and overgrazing impact negatively on agricultural production, as do recurrent droughts and natural disasters including floods and landslides. The main focus of agricultural development policies is on irrigation and cash crops produced by medium to big farms. Sustainable small-scale farming in rain-fed areas has so far received little attention.
Afghan professional capacities to undertake sustainable and more effective management of land and water resources are enhanced.
Field practitioners (e.g. government and private extensionists, NGO and development staff, students in agricultural faculties) and resource persons (e.g. experts, trainers, lecturers).
Indirectly, the project targets the women and men farmers and rural families who will benefit from improved advice and extension services to sustainably manage their natural resources, increase their productivity and improve food security.
Outcome 1: Natural resource management professionals and university students have enhanced knowledge and skills in sustainable land and water management.
Outcome 2: Sustainable and locally relevant land and water management techniques and tools relevant for Afghanistan are documented and shared.
Output 1.1: Practical short-term training packages on sustainable land and water management are adapted or developed.
Output 1.2: Resource persons, field professionals, university students trained and made aware on sustainable land and water management concepts, tools, methods and options.
Output 1.3: Resource Persons provide a systematic coaching of Field Practitioners in order to improve curricula and enhance application.
Output 2.1: Practitioners are trained on WOCAT (World Overview of Conservation Approaches and Technologies) methodology and tools.
Output 2.2: Case examples on sustainable land and water management are documented and disseminated.
Results from previous phases:
The first phase of SLMP confirmed the need and demand for practice-oriented high quality trainings in sustainable natural resource management.
SLMP has developed 6 training packages, trained over 300 field professionals, students and trainers, conducted exposure visits for 80 decision-makers and offered more than a dozen internships. Moreover, SLMP contributed to knowledge management through the documentation of case examples and disseminated information on sustainable land management options through local radio.
In this phase, a stronger focus on government staff and women is required and will be helped by increasingly conducting trainings and providing materials in local languages. The localised approach used so far has its limits. SLMP will therefore diversify locally and link its experience and results to national actors.
|Directorate/federal office responsible||
|Coordination with other projects and actors||
SDC projects: Improving Livelihoods for Rural Communities (ILRC, Helvetas), Regional Livelihoods Programme (Helvetas) and Livelihoods Improvement Programme Takhar (Terre des Hommes).
National and international stakeholders: Afghan universities, National Environmental Protection Agency, United Nations Environment Programme, international NGOs, ICIMOD.
|Budget||Current phase Swiss budget CHF 947'375 Swiss disbursement to date CHF 813'394|
Phase 2 01.07.2015 - 30.09.2016 (Completed)Phase 1 01.12.2009 - 30.06.2015 (Completed)