Corno d’Africa: due collaboratori della DSC raccontano il loro lavoro

Articolo, 19.08.2016

Il 19 agosto la comunità internazionale celebra la Giornata mondiale dell’aiuto umanitario. La DSC coglie questa occasione per rendere omaggio ai propri collaboratori in ambito umanitario. Natacha Pugin e Abdi Kunow lavorano quotidianamente al servizio dell’assistenza alimentare nel Corno d’Africa.

-Una donna, seduta sul proprio letto di ospedale, tiene il figlio sulle ginocchia. Entrambi soffrono di malnutrizione grave. Si trovano in cura in un ospedale di Mogadiscio, in Somalia.
Nel 2016 il programma alimentare mondiale si occupa di 1,4 milioni di persone che stanno vivendo una situazione di crisi alimentare in Somalia. © WFP/Barry Came

L’Aiuto umanitario svizzero è costituito da diverse centinaia di esperti. A Berna o all’estero, in quanto membri del Corpo svizzero di aiuto umanitario in missione sul campo o come riserve, queste donne e questi uomini operano in una molteplicità di ambiti, in tutti i Paesi del mondo che necessitano di sostegno.

Il Corno d’Africa, ad esempio, deve affrontare numerosi conflitti, crisi e catastrofi naturali nonché condizioni di povertà estrema. La Somalia è l’epicentro della crisi umanitaria di questa regione, con uno dei tassi di malnutrizione tra i più elevati al mondo. L’ONU stima in 4,7 milioni il numero di persone che necessitano di un aiuto umanitario nella sola Somalia, vale a dire il 40% della popolazione.

Chi sono queste donne e questi uomini impegnati in contesti difficili? Come e in quali ambiti lavorano? Qual è la motivazione che li sostiene? Osserviamo da vicino il lavoro di due esperti della DSC nel Corno d’Africa allargato.


Natacha Pugin

Funzione: membro del Corpo svizzero di aiuto umanitario, distaccata per il Programma alimentare mondiale delle Nazioni Unite in Somalia

Luogo di lavoro: Nairobi, Kenia. Spostamenti occasionali in Somalia

Durata della missione: 12 mesi


Kunow Abdi

Funzione: responsabile del programma di sicurezza alimentare per il Corno d’Africa, Ufficio di cooperazione della Svizzera in Kenia

Luogo di lavoro: Nairobi, Kenia; spostamenti nel Corno d’Africa (Kenia settentrionale, Somalia)


Progetti della DSC nel Corno d’Africa allargato

Oggetto 1 – 12 di 71

Horn of Africa: One Health Units for Humans, Environment, Animals and Livelihoods

01.09.2024 - 30.06.2032

The project aims at improving the well-being of targeted pastoral communities challenged with inadequate access to basic health/veterinary services and environmental conditions in Somalia, Ethiopia and Northern Kenya through integrated health service delivery for both pastoralists and their livestock. The project will contribute to stability and vulnerability’s reduction of citizens in the region, thereby reducing their displacement/migration which is in the interest of Switzerland and the international community.

Building Regional and National capacities for improved Migration Governance in the IGAD Region

01.07.2023 - 31.08.2027

The Horn of Africa is of high interest for Switzerland in terms of migration policy. Swiss support to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and its Member States will contribute to improve their migration governance capacities so as to enable the organisation to effectively implement regional, continental and global regulatory standards for the protection of refugees and vulnerable migrants in the region.

Mercy Corps: Strengthening Resilience in Agriculture, Livelihoods and Markets through Local Institutions in Greater Mundri

01.02.2023 - 31.01.2026

To sustainably move households out of chronic vulnerability, poverty and food insecurity by facilitating economic recovery and support for smallholder farmers and non-farm microenterprises. The support will consist of market system development (MSD), value chain development, vocational skills development and improved methods of agriculture, such as agro-ecology and conservation. The intervention will focus on women and youth and is highly relevant in a post-conflict context like Mundri (South Sudan).

Sustainable Natural Resources Management (NRM) for Enhanced Pastoralist Food Security in the Borana Zone, Ethiopia.

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2027

Natural resources, particularly water and pasture, are among the key determinants of pastoralist livelihoods’ sustainability. The proposed Project contributes to the outcomes of the SDC’s Food Security Domain as stipulated in the Swiss Cooperation Strategy Horn of Africa. It aims at improving pastoralist food security and adaptive capacities in the lowlands of Borana Zone, Southern Ethiopia, through enhancing the sustainable management of natural resources.

2023 Annual Allocation to WFP Country Strategic Plans - Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia, South Sudan

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2023

Against historic levels of food security due to conflicts, climate change and COVID-19, Switzerland supports annually in 28 SDC priority countries operations of the World Food Programme (WFP) to provide humanitarian and development assistance. It funds indistinctively Country Strategic Plans, incorporating all WFP programmes or projects, based on affected population needs and potential synergies with other local partners, especially national governments and civil society.

Allocation of SDC Funding in 2023 to ICRC Operations in Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2023

SDC funding to ICRC operations allows the International Committee of the Red Cross to respond proactively and to provide immediate protection and assistance for people affected by armed conflict and other situations of violence. In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises.

Ethiopia Humanitarian Fund (EHF 2023 – 2026)

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2026

More than 28 million people in Ethiopia are in need of humanitarian assistance as a result of internal conflict, displacement, and recurrent natural hazards, primarily drought. An estimated 5.7 million people are displaced internally as a result of conflict (main driver of displacement in the country) and drought. Additional 2 million people are IDP returnees. The country also hosts more about 1mio refugees from Somalia, South Sudan, Eritrea, and Sudan. The Ethiopia Humanitarian Fund is a pooled fund that aims at providing rapid and flexible humanitarian assistance to the most vulnerable and underserved areas. Switzerland has been reconfirmed in 2023 member of the EHF Steering Committee.

CARE International: Breaking the Silence

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2024

The proposed project seeks to address key drivers of GBV, promote help-seeking behaviour, access to quality services for survivors and promote economic empowerment of vulnerable women and girls. Some key activities will include the provision of health, psychosocial, and protection support in one (1) existing safe house and three (3) women and girl-friendly spaces (WGFSs), the provision of unconditional emergency cash support to vulnerable survivors and livelihood opportunities. Through the partnership with WIDO, a local women-led organisation, CARE will work to transform negative masculinities and social norms.

SIRA - Somalia Information and Resilience Building Action

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2025

Rangeland degradation, drought and other effects of climate change are further exacerbating food insecurity in Somalia. Through the present intervention the communities’ resilience is increased by enhancing climate sustainable livestock production, fodder productivity and public service delivery leading to improved household incomes. Switzerland aims to support communities’ capacities to cope with climatic shocks and as such contributes to stability and peace in Somalia.

Contribution to UNHCR Programme Budget 2023-2024 (earmarked)

01.01.2023 - 31.12.2024

UNHCR is one of Switzerland’s key multilateral partners due to its unique mandate by the General Assembly of United Nations to provide protection and assistance to refugees, asylum seekers, refugee returnees, and stateless persons. The strategic direction 2022-26 concretise the overall mandate of UNHCR for the upcoming years. Contributing to these directions allows Switzerland to achieve in particular the human development goal defined in the Dispatch to Parliament on International Cooperation for 2021-24.

RLP - Horn of Africa Regional Livestock Program

01.12.2022 - 31.12.2026

Pastoralist communities in the Horn of Africa (HoA) rely on livestock as their main livelihood source. They face multiple pressures of climate change, degraded natural resources, and conflicts. The program will support historically underdeveloped pastoralist cross-border communities of Somalia, Ethiopia, and Kenya to become more climate resilient and derive sustainable livelihoods from inclusive livestock market systems. The intervention takes a regional approach – linking production, markets, and policy.

Nonviolent Peaceforce: Community-based Protection and Peacebuilding

01.11.2022 - 31.10.2024

The project will contribute to overall peace and security of targeted communities by addressing key civilian safety and security concerns, including child protection, intra-inter-communal violence, SGBV, women’s protection and empowerment, youth participation, community participation and general protection and peacebuilding. Interventions will focus on trust building and inclusion, enhancing capacities of existing community-based protection mechanisms including Women protection Teams and Youth Protection Teams, and Peace Committees, and restoring confidence in peaceful relations at community levels.

Oggetto 1 – 12 di 71