Corno d’Africa: due collaboratori della DSC raccontano il loro lavoro

Articolo, 19.08.2016

Il 19 agosto la comunità internazionale celebra la Giornata mondiale dell’aiuto umanitario. La DSC coglie questa occasione per rendere omaggio ai propri collaboratori in ambito umanitario. Natacha Pugin e Abdi Kunow lavorano quotidianamente al servizio dell’assistenza alimentare nel Corno d’Africa.

-Una donna, seduta sul proprio letto di ospedale, tiene il figlio sulle ginocchia. Entrambi soffrono di malnutrizione grave. Si trovano in cura in un ospedale di Mogadiscio, in Somalia.
Nel 2016 il programma alimentare mondiale si occupa di 1,4 milioni di persone che stanno vivendo una situazione di crisi alimentare in Somalia. © WFP/Barry Came

L’Aiuto umanitario svizzero è costituito da diverse centinaia di esperti. A Berna o all’estero, in quanto membri del Corpo svizzero di aiuto umanitario in missione sul campo o come riserve, queste donne e questi uomini operano in una molteplicità di ambiti, in tutti i Paesi del mondo che necessitano di sostegno.

Il Corno d’Africa, ad esempio, deve affrontare numerosi conflitti, crisi e catastrofi naturali nonché condizioni di povertà estrema. La Somalia è l’epicentro della crisi umanitaria di questa regione, con uno dei tassi di malnutrizione tra i più elevati al mondo. L’ONU stima in 4,7 milioni il numero di persone che necessitano di un aiuto umanitario nella sola Somalia, vale a dire il 40% della popolazione.

Chi sono queste donne e questi uomini impegnati in contesti difficili? Come e in quali ambiti lavorano? Qual è la motivazione che li sostiene? Osserviamo da vicino il lavoro di due esperti della DSC nel Corno d’Africa allargato.

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© DSC

Natacha Pugin

Funzione: membro del Corpo svizzero di aiuto umanitario, distaccata per il Programma alimentare mondiale delle Nazioni Unite in Somalia

Luogo di lavoro: Nairobi, Kenia. Spostamenti occasionali in Somalia

Durata della missione: 12 mesi

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© DSC

Kunow Abdi

Funzione: responsabile del programma di sicurezza alimentare per il Corno d’Africa, Ufficio di cooperazione della Svizzera in Kenia

Luogo di lavoro: Nairobi, Kenia; spostamenti nel Corno d’Africa (Kenia settentrionale, Somalia)

Link

Progetti della DSC nel Corno d’Africa allargato

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MdM-France: Integrating Sexual and Reproductive Health Services in Bosaso Basic Health Care System

01.04.2019 - 31.12.2021

This 6-year programme aims at improving health service delivery in Bosaso town (Puntland, Somalia) by integrating quality sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services into primary health care delivery packages. This intervention will also contribute to strengthen the emerging public health system by building the capacities of the Bosaso-based Ministry of Health and local health providers to sustain, in the long term, access to quality health services for the most vulnerable, especially women.


OVCI - Improving nutritional condition of most vulnerable groups in Juba

01.03.2019 - 31.01.2021

Malnutrition among children and other vulnerable groups remains worse as a result of the prevailing food insecurity situation in South Sudan. According to the 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for South Sudan, some 1.8 million people – the majority of which are children under five years - face malnutrition. Through this project, Volunteers Organization for International Co-operation (OVCI) intends to address malnutrition of vulnerable children, pregnant and lactating mothers and other destitute persons in Juba County by improving their dietary intake.


Progetto pianificato

Somalia - Private Sector Partnerships for Health (PSPH)

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2030

Despite high dependence on international aid, the Somali health sector remains dominated by local business providers. In 2017, SDC piloted a business-franchising model as a component of the health delivery system in Somalia. This project “Private Sector Partnership for Health” will investigate further and promote the most effective and relevant private and/or public-private models for improved quality and affordable health services delivery in Somalia.


Allocation of SDC Funding to ICRC Operations in 2019

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2019

In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises. SDC funding to ICRC operations allows the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to respond proactively and to provide immediate protection and assistance for people affected by armed conflict and other situations of violence.


Allocation of SDC Funding to ICRC Operations in 2019

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2019

In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises. SDC funding to ICRC operations allows the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to respond proactively and to provide immediate protection and assistance for people affected by armed conflict and other situations of violence.


Contributions to OCHA Field Operations in 2019

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2019

OCHA’s mission is to coordinate the global emergency response, to save lives and protect people in humanitarian crises. OCHA advocates for effective and principled humanitarian action by all, for all, in partnership with national and international actors in order to alleviate human suffering in sudden-onset disasters and protracted crises. It is responsible for bringing together humanitarian actors to ensure a coherent and timely response to emergencies. Therefore, SDC seeks to provide support to OCHA field and regional offices in relevant humanitarian contexts, in line with SDC geographic and thematic priorities.


Social Accountability Programme 2019 - 2022

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2022

Against the backdrop of shrinking civic space in Tanzania, the Social Accountability Program supports four key accountability Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in the country. It aims to enhance transparency and accountability of public resource management at national and local level and to empower citizens – including youth and women - and local organizations to engage effectively in public oversight, decision making and advocacy on social issues of concern.


Progetto pianificato

Somalia: FAO – Somalia Information and Resilience Building Action (SIRA)

10.12.2018 - 09.10.2028

The Somali population has remained chronically food insecure over the years with acute emergency needs increasing during the cyclic drought periods. Switzerland contributes, through its support to the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), to the longer-term resilience building of the Somali communities by supporting the provision of information and data for decision making, the formulation of evidence-based policy making and  the use of the data for increased protection and resilience.


Ethiopia, IOM - Durable Solutions

10.12.2018 - 09.12.2019

Ethiopia has about 2.1 million internally displaced people (IDPs) mainly due to conflict, drought and flood. Addressing the needs of IDPs has been limited to meeting their short-term humanitarian needs. Given the prolonged economic, social, and gender impacts of displacement on individuals, there is a critical need for longer-term solutions. Switzerland will contribute through IOM to address the long-term needs of the displaced and host communities in their search for self-sufficiency.


Horn of Africa: IFC - Private sector solutions for regufees and host communities

10.12.2018 - 09.07.2031

The Horn of Africa is fraught by political and economic fragilities and conflicts, leading to protracted displacement situations. They involve confinement in camps with few opportunities to establish sustainable livelihoods. Switzerland contributes to durable solutions for displacement-affected communities by promoting private sector development, leading to greater economic and employment opportunities and socio-economic integration in the region, which is in the Swiss interest.


Ethiopia, UNICEF, Emergency WASH Response for the Reduction of Hunger in Borena Zone, Oromia Region

01.12.2018 - 30.11.2019

The Borena Zone (Oromia Region) hosts one third of Oromia's conflict Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) between Oromo and Somali groups. Water is a priority for conflict IDP sites and local populations. UNICEF, as the lead agency for the WASH sector in development and humanitarian settings, proposes targeted interventions to respond to immediate life-saving needs by improving access to clean and safe drinking water, and support the recovery phase for both IDPs and host communities.


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