Ice hockey is very popular in Switzerland and matches are guaranteed stadium fillers.
Switzerland has more than 1,160 ice hockey teams, which play a total of 16,000 matches each year. National League A games, in particular, are a major draw. Average match attendance rates are in excess of 6,760, one of the highest rates in Europe. The Bern Ice Skating Club (SCB) stadium has the best attendance figures in Europe, averaging 16,000 spectators for home matches.
The premier ice-hockey division, the National League A, has 12 teams that play 50 matches per season. The eight best teams then compete in the best-of-seven play offs (knock-out round, quarter-finals, semi-finals and the final).
HC Davos is the most successful Swiss ice hockey club, followed by SCB and HC Arosa. In 2009, ZSC Lions won the international Champions League. A handful of Swiss professionals play in the US National Hockey League (North America/Canada).
In 2009, the Ice Hockey World Championship was held in Bern and Kloten. Davos hosts the annual Spengler Cup, an international tournament founded in 1923. The headquarters of the International Ice Hockey Federation is in Zurich.
Grass hockey is also played in Switzerland - outside in summer, in sports halls in winter. The International Hockey Federation has its headquarters in Lausanne.