Population – facts and figures

8.5 million people live in Switzerland – twice as many as at the beginning of the 20th century. One reason for this is the country's high level of immigration. At the same time, the Swiss population is becoming increasingly older, enjoying one of the highest life expectancies in the world.

Infographic showing the key Swiss population figures.

  • Switzerland's resident population has more than doubled since 1900.
  • Most recent statistics put growth at 0.7%
  • Switzerland is one of the European countries with the highest proportion of foreigners. Currently over 2 million foreigners reside in Switzerland, which corresponds to one quarter of the total population.
  • 85% of Switzerland's population today live in cities. In 1930 it was only one third
  • The Swiss population has become significantly older over the course of the 20th century. Today, one fifth of the population is of retirement age.
  • Women slightly outnumber men, accounting for 50.4% of the total population.
  • The average fertility rate in Switzerland is 1.5.
  • Life expectancy is one of the highest in the world.
  • Swiss people marry 5 years later now than in 1970. Women are on average 29 and men 32 when they marry for the first time.